Documenting America, 1935-1943

Documenting America, 1935-1943

by Carl Fleischhauer
     
 

Between 1935 and 1943, a group of photographers under the direction of Roy Emerson Stryker set out to photograph the United States for the Farm Security Administration and the Office of War
Information. Photographs taken by this celebrated group, whose ranks included Dorothea Lange, Ben Shahn, Gordon Parks, Russell Lee and Walker Evans, have since become icons

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Overview

Between 1935 and 1943, a group of photographers under the direction of Roy Emerson Stryker set out to photograph the United States for the Farm Security Administration and the Office of War
Information. Photographs taken by this celebrated group, whose ranks included Dorothea Lange, Ben Shahn, Gordon Parks, Russell Lee and Walker Evans, have since become icons of the 1930s and 1940s.
In recent years, however, their work has been reproduced with little discussion of the particular circumstances surrounding its creation.

Documenting America takes a fresh look at these remarkable photographs. The book opens with two incisive essays by Lawrence Levine and Alan Trachtenberg that examine issues central to photography and American culture. While Levine explains how the pictures portray the complexity of life in the period, balancing scenes of Depression hard times with images of the pleasures of life, Trachtenberg analyzes the way in which viewers read photographs and the role of the government picture file that stands between the creation of the photographs and their use. Both essayists raise important questions about Stryker's grand ambition of a photographic record of America, about the "ways of seeing" that have grown up around the most famous of these photographs, and about the whole enterprise of documentary photography and the conventions of realism.

The images themselves are presented in series selected from groups of pictures created by single photographers. A documentary photographer often makes dozens of exposures to portray different elements of the subject, experiment with camera angles, and cover the stages of an event or steps of a process. By studying these pictures in series, we come closer to the photographer working in the field. We see a tenant farming community in Gee's Bend, Georgia, the activities of the Salvation Army in San Francisco, and the hubbub and commotion that filled Chicago's Union Railway Station in 1943. Texts accompanying each of the book's fifteen series describe the circumstances that gave rise to the creation of the pictures and discuss the relation between government policy and the subjects of the photographs. The nearly three hundred images included vividly portray America in the last bitter years of the Great Depression and the first years of the Second World War.

Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
This work celebrates the 50th anniversary of the government photographic section, directed by Roy Stryker, that operated within the Farm Security Administration, the Resettlement Administration, and the Office of War Information and produced many of the photographic icons of the 1930s post-Depression era. The editors provide a sample of the section's work in 15 thematic series with subjects bothreform-minded and purely documentary. Two excellent essays and the texts accompanying each series provide historical, cultural, and critical background, making this as much a social history as a photohistorical one. A thorough description and fine tribute to the collection of 77,000 FSA-OWI images at the Library of Congress.-- Ann Copeland, Drew Univ. Lib., Madison, N.J.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520062207
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
01/18/1989
Series:
Approaches to American Culture Series
Edition description:
REPRINT
Pages:
300
Product dimensions:
8.75(w) x 11.24(h) x 1.07(d)

Meet the Author


Carl Fleischhauer is a Folklife Specialist and Beverly Brannan is a Curator of Photography, both at the Library of Congress. Lawrence W. Levine is Margaret Byrne Professor of History at the University of California, Berkeley. Alan Trachtenberg is Professor of American Studies and English at Yale University.

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