Documents in World History, Volume 1 / Edition 6

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Offers a range of documents that illustrates civilizations from key stages in world history, with special attention to comparing major societies.

Documents in World History is a thematically organized, authoritative collection of original sources that highlight political, social, cultural and economic issues in world history. The text also provides documents on the hot topics of gender and cultural history. Revised and updated with over a quarter of the documents new, the sixth edition retains its global emphasis. Standard selections and political coverage have been improved, and attention to Islam and Christianity as well as South Asia have been expanded.

Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab at no extra charge, please visit or use ISBN: 9780205007059.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205050239
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/12/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 158,886
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Peter N. Stearns is a professor of history at George Mason University, where he is currently provost (since January 1, 2000) with almost 40 years of experience as a teacher and administrator. Stearns was the chair of the Department of History at Carnegie Mellon University and also served as the dean of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences. In addition, he founded and continues to edit the Journal of Social History. Also while at Carnegie Mellon he developed a pioneering approach to teaching world history to undergraduates in addition to mentoring hundreds of graduate students. Besides his long career as a historian, he is active in historical groups such as the American Historical Society, the Society of French Historical Studies, the Social Science History Association and the International Society for Research on Emotion. He attended Harvard College and later received his Ph.D. from Harvard University. In his prolific career as an author and editor, he has written or edited over 110 works of literature. Stearns currently serves as chair of the Advanced Placement World History committee.

Stephen S. Gosch is a professor emeritus of history at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. Gosch began by teaching western civilization courses at UW-Eau Claire, but his scholarship evolved over the years to a broader comparative scholarship in world history, which he introduced to UW-Eau Claire classrooms in 1982. He also taught courses in the history of Japan, 19th and 20th century Europe and Marco Polo's world, as well as a popular team-taught interdisciplinary course on the Vietnam War, which he developed with a colleague in political science. He has published numerous articles and co-authored several books, including the recent Pre-modern Travel in World History. Gosch earned his bachelor's degree from Boston University and his master's and doctoral degrees from Rutgers University.

Erwin P. Grieshaber currently teaches world history, history of Latin America and history of 20th century war and peace at Minnesota State University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina in 1977.

Allison Scardino Belzer teaches a wide variety of courses at Armstrong Atlantic State University in Savannah, Georgia. In teaching both halves of world civilization, she focuses on assigning texts that spark a positive response in students – texts that offer concrete knowledge while also inspiring questions. She developed her interest in history at Vassar College and received her Ph.D at Emory University. Her book Women and the Great War: Femininity Under Fire in Italy (2010) reflects her research interest in gender and cultural history and the history of war.

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Table of Contents

Geographical Contents: The Major Societies

Topical Contents



Section 1: Early Civilizations


1 Babylonian Law: How an Early State Regulated Its Subjects

The Code

2 Ancient Egypt

Hymn to the Nile

Negative Confession

Visual Source Egyptian Hieroglyphics

3 The Hebrew Bible


From the Hebrew Bible

Section 2: The Classical Period, 1000 B.C.E. TO 500 C.E.



4 Key Chinese Values: Confucianism and Its Legacy

The Small Analects

5 Daoism

Dao de Jing

6 Legalism: An Alternative System

Han Feizi

7 Women in Classical China: Ban Zhao

Lessons for Women

Visual Source Portrait of Ban Zhao

8 Benevolence and Virtue or Military Force? A Chinese Debate

The Iron and Salt DebateT

Visual Source Han Dynasty Agriculture

Persia and the Mediterranean

9 Zoroastrianism: The Major Persian Religion

Hymns of Zarathustra, Verse 33

10 Herodotus and The Persian Empire

The Histories

11 Greek Political Systems

Plutarch on Sparta

Thucydides, The Funeral Oration of Pericles

Sophocles, Antigone

12 Polybius on Roman Political Institutions

An Analysis of the Roman Government

Rome and Carthage Compared

13 Women in Mediterranean Societies

Tombstone Inscriptions

Women in Legal Codes

14 Christianity: Teachings and Practice

Christian Teachings

15 The Fall of Rome


16 Hindu Beginnings: The Rig Veda and the Bhagavad Gita

Early Hinduism

Visual Source Indian Painting of Arjuna and Krishna

17 Buddhist Teachings: Noble Truths and Guidance for Daily Life

Early Buddhist Teachings

18 How to Rule an Empire: Kautilya and Ashoka

Indian Documents

19 Gender Relations in Classical India

Indian Gender Culture

Visual Source Gender Imagery in India

Global Contacts: The Role of Nomads

20 “Home on the Range”: The Rise of the Pastoral Nomads in Central Asia

Reports on the Nomads

Visual Source Central Asian Nomadic Art

Global Contacts: New Trade Partners from China to the Mediterranean

21 The Opening of the Silk Road

Chinese and Roman Sources

Visual Source Making and Wearing Silk

Section 3: The Postclassical Period, 500–1500 C.E.: Expansions and Contacts


The Middle East And Islam

22 The Islamic Religion

The Quran

The Hadith

23 Religious and Political Organization in the Islamic Middle East

Al Mawardi

Visual Source Religious Leadership in Islam: The Imam

24 The Quran and the Family

The Quran

China and Japan

25 Peasant Life in Tang and Song China

Tang Poems

Two Contracts from Dunhuang, ca. 900

Song Poems

Visual Source Rice Cultivation in Southern China

26 “The Noble and Magnificent City of Hangzhou”: Marco Polo in China

Marco Polo on Hangzhou

27 Valor and Fair Treatment: The Rise of the Samurai

Samurai Values


28 Western European Political Institutions: The Influence of Christianity and


Feudal and Christian Documents

29 Russia Converts to Christianity

Russian Primary Chronicle

30 Faith and Reason: Thomas Aquinas

Thomas Aquinas

Global Contacts Trade and Religion

31 Anchors Aweigh! Trade and Islam in the Indian Ocean Network

The Travels of Ibn Battuta

32 Merchants and Trade: Sources and Comparisons

Ibn Khaldun, Reginald of Durham on Saint Godric

33 Travelers to Holy Places: Buddhist, Muslim, and Christian Pilgrims

Pilgrims’ Experiences

Visual Source Muslim Pilgrims in Mecca

34 Europe, the Middle East, and Beyond: The Crusades: Christian and Muslim Reactions

The Crusades

35 Religious Tolerance in Medieval Spain

Siete Partidas

36 African Kingdoms and Islam

Writings of Ibn Battuta

Visual Source A Major Artistic Tradition: The Sculptures of Benin

37 Africa Through the Eyes of a European Merchant

Antonius Malfante

Visual Source Map of Pre-Columbian America

The Americas

38 Mayan and Aztec Creation Stories and an Account of Aztec Worship

The Mayan Story of Human Creation from Popol Vuh

Aztec Creation Story of the God Uitzilopochtli

Aztec Wars and Sacrifice to Uitzilopochtli

39 Tribute Under the Aztecs and Incas

Aztec Tribute: Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés Inca Tribute: Testimony of Martin Cari, Chief (Cacique Principal) of the Lower Division (Anansaya) of Chuquito

Visual Source Aztec Goddess

The Mongols

40 Chinggis Khan and the Rise of the Mongols

The Secret History of the Mongols

Visual Source Persian Painting of Chinggis Khan Leading the Charge

41 The Mongol Empire Takes Shape

Asian and European Sources

Global Contacts New Routes for Europe and Asia

42 Sailing to Calicut: Chinese and Portuguese Voyages

Chinese and Portuguese Documents

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