Does Technology Drive History?: The Dilemma of Technological Determinism / Edition 1

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Overview

These thirteen essays explore a crucial historical question that has been notoriously hard to pin down: To what extent, and by what means, does a society's technology determine its political, social, economic, and cultural forms? Karl Marx launched the modern debate on determinism with his provocative remark that "the hand-mill gives you society with the feudal lord; the steam-mill, society with the industrial capitalist," and a classic article by Robert Heilbroner (reprinted here) renewed the debate within the context of the history of technology. This book clarifies the debate and carries it forward.Marx's position has become embedded in our culture, in the form of constant reminders as to how our fast-changing technologies will alter our lives. Yet historians who have looked closely at where technologies really come from generally support the proposition that technologies are not autonomous but are social products, susceptible to democratic controls. The issue is crucial for democratic theory. These essays tackle it head-on, offering a deep look at all the shadings of determinism and assessing determinist models in a wide variety of historical contexts.Contributors : Bruce Bimber. Richard W. Bulliet. Robert L. Heilbroner. Thomas P.

Hughes. Leo Marx. Thomas J. Misa. Peter C. Perdue. Philip Scranton. Merritt Roe Smith. Michael L.

Smith. John M. Staudenmaier. Rosalind Williams.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262691673
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 6/2/1994
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 298
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Merritt Roe Smith is Cutten Professor of the History of Technology at MIT and the author or editor of six books, most recently Inventing America: A History of the UnitedStates.

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Table of Contents

Introduction
Technological Determinism in American Culture 1
Recourse of Empire: Landscapes of Progress in Technological America 37
Do Machines Make History? 53
Technological Determinism Revisited 67
Three Faces of Technological Determinism 79
Technological Momentum 101
Retrieving Sociotechnical Change from Technological Determinism 115
Determinism and Indeterminacy in the History of Technology 143
Technological Determinism in Agrarian Societies 169
Determinism and Pre-Industrial Technology 201
The Political and Feminist Dimensions of Technological Determinism 217
The Idea of "Technology" and Postmodern Pessimism 237
Rationality versus Contingency in the History of Technology 259
Contributors 275
Index 277
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