Doing Justice, Doing Gender: Women in Law and Criminal Justice Occupations

Doing Justice, Doing Gender: Women in Law and Criminal Justice Occupations

by Susan Ehrlich Martin, Nancy Jurik
     
 

ISBN-10: 0803951973

ISBN-13: 9780803951976

Pub. Date: 02/21/1996

Publisher: SAGE Publications

An insight into the long-standing struggle of women in criminal justice occupations to move beyond the barriers of gender segregation is provided in this book.

The authors take a close look at the organization of justice occupations along gender lines and in doing so discuss issues such as the historical roles of women in the criminal justice system; the

Overview

An insight into the long-standing struggle of women in criminal justice occupations to move beyond the barriers of gender segregation is provided in this book.

The authors take a close look at the organization of justice occupations along gender lines and in doing so discuss issues such as the historical roles of women in the criminal justice system; the expansion of women's assignments and contributions in the past 20 years; the barriers that women in justice occupations have encountered at an interpersonal, organizational, occupational and societal level; the performance of women in more responsible and onerous positions, and their response to workplace barriers; and the effect of women on the criminal justice system, victims, offenders, co-workers, and the public.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780803951976
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
02/21/1996
Series:
Women in the Criminal Justice System Series, #1
Pages:
280
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.31(h) x 0.91(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tablesviii
Acknowledgmentsix
1.Introduction: Changes in Criminal Justice Organizations, Occupations, and Women's Work1
The CJS: Mission, Processes, and Workforce4
Historical Context of Women in Justice Occupations5
Legal Changes8
Reforms and Expanding Opportunities for Women11
Women and Justice Professionalization/Deprofessionalization14
Contents of This Book17
A Note on Perspective and Terminology18
2.Explanations for Gender Inequality in the Workplace21
Past Analyses of Gender Inequality at Work22
A Social Construction of Gender Perspective28
The Production of Gender in Work Organizations31
Summary45
3.The Nature of Police Work and Women's Entry Into Law Enforcement48
Historical Overview: From Matron to Chief49
The Increasing Representation of Women in Police Work56
The Nature of Policing: Scope of Work and Occupational Culture59
The Police Culture and Men's Opposition to Women Officers63
Barriers to Women Officers: Interaction, Ideology, and Images67
Summary72
4.Women Officers Encountering the Gendered Police Organization75
Gendered Organizational Logic: Policies and Practices76
Doing Gender on the Street: Dilemmas of Police-Citizen Encounters88
Women's Response: Adaptations, Costs, and Survival Strategies93
Summary101
5.Women Entering the Legal Profession: Change and Resistance103
Historical Overview: Barriers to Women in Law Before 1970105
Changing Laws and Job Queues: Opening Legal Practice to Women108
Lawyers' Jobs, Specialities, and the Division of Legal Labor115
Gendered Legal Occupational Culture and Barriers to Women123
Summary126
6.The Organizational Logic of the Gendered Legal World and Women Lawyers' Responses129
Gender Bias in Law School, Recruitment, and Hiring131
Gender Bias in the Firm, Office, and Agency133
The Impact of Gender Bias on Women Attorneys in Court and Beyond136
Organizational Logic and Limiting Opportunity Structures142
Women's Responses to Gender Bias: Adaptation and Innovation147
Summary154
7.Women in Corrections: Advancement and Resistance157
History of Women in Corrections: 1860s to 1960s158
Social Change and Changing Queues for Women COs: 1960s to the Present160
Women's Movement Into CO Jobs in Men's Prisons163
Characteristics of Women COs in Men's Prisons165
CO Jobs as a Resource for Doing Gender168
Sites of Struggle: Gendered Interactions, Gendered Identities173
Summary181
8.Gendered Organizational Logic and Women CO Response183
Social Context and Organizational Logic of Corrections: 1980-1990s184
Inadequate Implementation of Reform Agenda186
Gendered Organizational Logic and Women's Careers190
Women's Response: Performance, Adaptation, and Innovation197
Summary205
9.Doing Justice, Doing Gender, Today and Tomorrow: Occupations, Organizations, and Change208
Our Theoretical Approach: A Recap209
Comparison of Opportunities, Barriers, and Women's Responses210
Do Women Make a Difference?216
Building Feminist Theory and Policy224
References227
List of Cases Cited248
Author Index249
Subject Index255
About the Authors269

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