Doing Philosophy: A Guide to the Writing of Philosophy Papers / Edition 2

Doing Philosophy: A Guide to the Writing of Philosophy Papers / Edition 2

by Joel Feinberg, Russ Shafer-Landau, Russ Shafer-Landau
     
 

ISBN-10: 0534516823

ISBN-13: 9780534516826

Pub. Date: 04/28/2001

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Clear and concise, this brief text is designed to assist students with no previous formal background in writing philosophy papers. Contents include topic selection, outlines, and drafts, proper and improper quotation, argument development and evaluation, principles of good writing, style and logic.
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Overview

Clear and concise, this brief text is designed to assist students with no previous formal background in writing philosophy papers. Contents include topic selection, outlines, and drafts, proper and improper quotation, argument development and evaluation, principles of good writing, style and logic.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534516826
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
04/28/2001
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
116
Product dimensions:
5.12(w) x 7.87(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceii
Contentsiii
1.Methods of Proceeding1
Introductory1
Selecting a topic2
The irrelevance of most library research2
Resolving controversies4
Appreciating philosophers of an earlier period4
The outline5
Preparation of the final draft6
Writing blocks7
2.Rules of the Game9
Plagiarism as a legal wrong (violation of another person's property right)9
Plagiarism as a moral wrong (cheating and lying)9
Quotation, attribution, and acknowledgment10
Alternative formats for notes12
Acceptable abbreviations in the notes14
3.Criteria for Grading Student Papers17
Clarity17
Presence of argument17
Cogency of argument18
Originality, subtlety, imaginativeness18
Degree of difficulty19
Ordering the criteria20
4.General Principles of Good Writing22
Clarity again22
Simplicity22
Economy24
Padding24
Repetitiveness25
Redundancy26
Misplaced emphasis26
Pretentiousness and fancy words27
A miscellany of further judgments29
5.Mistakes of Grammar31
Grammatical and nongrammatical errors31
Criteria of correct grammar31
A sampler of grammatical rules and their problems34
The vanishing apostrophe34
Ain't misbehavin'36
Between or among?37
Conjunctions as first words38
Ungrammatical danglers39
The problem of "sexist pronouns": some proposed solutions40
Double negatives43
Different from or different than?44
Which or that?44
Prepositions as last words47
Split infinitives49
Who (or whoever) or whom (or whomever)?50
Summary54
6.Some Common Mistakes in Diction57
Diction and grammar57
Linguistic correctness and controversy57
Constantly changing usage58
Linguistic liberals and conservatives59
Sample mistakes in diction60
"Criteria" for "criterion"60
"Disinterested" for "uninterested"61
"Enormity" for "enormousness"62
"Fortuitously" for "fortunately"62
"Infer" for "imply"63
"Refute" for "rebut"64
"Irony" for "coincidence"64
7.Stylistic Infelicities67
The concept of style67
Prose writing as a source of pleasure67
The paragraph69
Motion metaphors72
Smoothing the flow75
Conspicuous over-use of favorite words76
Forget adornment and eloquence77
Types of poor writing style78
8.Logic and Language81
Correct and incorrect reasoning81
Deductive and inductive reasoning81
Sentences and propositions82
Arguments83
Premises as unproved "assumptions"83
Logical necessity versus psychological certainty84
Necessity and contingency85
Three types of impossibility85
9.Basic Deductive Logic: Some Fragments89
Possible truth value combinations89
Validity and soundness90
Definition of truth-functional connectives91
Necessary and sufficient conditions94
Valid deductive argument forms: a sampler95
10.Logic Without Necessity105
Some informal fallacies105
Some inductive inferences, good and bad107
Begging the question108
Analogical reasoning109
A sampler of fallacies110
11.Varieties of Philosophy Papers113
Rules of Strategy113
Manageable philosophical tasks113
Modest partial reasons114
Interpretation114
Generalization and counterexample115
Definition116
Other categories of philosophical papers117

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