Doping in Conjugated Polymers

Overview

An A-to-Z of doping including its definition, its importance, methods of measurement, advantages and disadvantages, properties and characteristics—and role in conjugated polymers

The versatility of polymer materials is expanding because of the introduction of electro-active behavior into the characteristics of some of them. The most exciting development in this area is related to the discovery of intrinsically conductive polymers or conjugated polymers, which include such ...

See more details below
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (7) from $96.17   
  • New (6) from $96.17   
  • Used (1) from $114.66   

Overview

An A-to-Z of doping including its definition, its importance, methods of measurement, advantages and disadvantages, properties and characteristics—and role in conjugated polymers

The versatility of polymer materials is expanding because of the introduction of electro-active behavior into the characteristics of some of them. The most exciting development in this area is related to the discovery of intrinsically conductive polymers or conjugated polymers, which include such examples as polyacetylene, polyaniline, polypyrrole, and polythiophene as well as their derivatives. "Synmet" or "synthetic metal" conjugated polymers, with their metallic characteristics, including conductivity, are of special interest to researchers. An area of limitless potential and application, conjugated polymers have sparked enormous interest, beginning in 2000 when the Nobel Prize for the discovery and development of electrically conducting conjugated polymers was awarded to three scientists: Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid, and Hideki Shirakawa.

Conjugated polymers have a combination of properties—both metallic (conductivity) and polymeric; doping gives the conjugated polymer's semiconducting a wide range of conductivity, from insulating to low conducting. The doping process is a tested effective method for producing conducting polymers as semiconducting material, providing a substitute for inorganic semiconductors.

Doping in Conjugated Polymers is the first book dedicated to the subject and offers a comprehensive A-to-Z overview. It details doping interaction, dopant types, doping techniques, and the influence of the dopant on applications. It explains how the performance of doped conjugated polymers is greatly influenced by the nature of the dopants and their level of distribution within the polymer, and shows how the electrochemical, mechanical, and optical properties of the doped conjugated polymers can be tailored by controlling the size and mobility of the dopants counter ions.

The book also examines doping at the nanoscale, in particular, with carbon nanotubes.

Readership
The book will interest a broad range of researchers including chemists, electrochemists, biochemists, experimental and theoretical physicists, electronic and electrical engineers, polymer and materials scientists. It can also be used in both graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses on conjugated polymers and polymer technology.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

Meet the Author

Pradip Kar obtained his PhD in 2009 from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. He is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Applied Chemistry, Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi, India, and has published more than 20 research papers in peer-reviewed journals.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Acknowledgement xi

Preface xiii

1 Introduction to Doping in Conjugated Polymer 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Molecular Orbital Structure of Conjugated Polymer 4

1.3 Possibility of Electronic Conduction in Conjugated Polymer 7

1.4 Necessity of Doping in Conjugated Polymer 9

1.5 Concept of Doping in Conjugated Polymer 12

1.6 Doping as Probable Solution 17

2 Classification of Dopants for the Conjugated Polymer 19

2.1 Introduction 19

2.2 Classification of Dopant According to Electron Transfer 20

2.3 Classification of Dopant According to Chemical Nature 31

2.4 Classification of Dopant According to Doping Mechanism 40

3 Doping Techniques for the Conjugated Polymer 47

3.1 Introduction 47

3.2 Electrochemical Doping 48

3.3 Chemical Doping 51

3.4 In-situ doping 56

3.5 Radiation-Induced Doping or Photo Doping 59

3.6 Charge Injection Doping 61

4 Role of Dopant on the Conduction of Conjugated Polymer 63

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Charge Defects within Doped Conjugated Polymer 66

4.3 Charge Transport within the Doped Conjugated Polymer 4.3

4.4 Migration of Dopant Counter Ions 74

5 Influence of Properties of Conjugated Polymer on Doping 81

5.1 Introduction 81

5.2 Conducting Property 82

5.3 Spectroscopic Property 84

5.4 Electrochemical Property 89

5.5 Thermal Property 92

5.6 Structural Property 94

6 Some Special Classes of Dopants for Conjugated Polymer 97

6.1 Introduction 97

6.2 Iodine and Other Halogens 98

6.3 Halide Doping 103

6.4 Protonic Acid Doping 106

6.5 Covalent Doping 110

7 Influence of Dopant on the Applications of Conjugated Polymer 113

7.1 Introduction 113

7.2 Sensors 114

7.3 Actuators 118

7.4 Field Effect Transistor 120

7.5 Rechargeable Batteries 122

7.6 Electrochromic Devices 123

7.7 Optoelectronic Devices 126

7.8 Others Applications 127

8 Recent and Future Trends of Doping in Conjugated Polymer 131

8.1 Introduction 131

8.2 Doping of Nanostructured Conjugated Polymer 133

8.3 Doping in Conjugated Polymer Nanocomposite 137

8.4 Future Trends 142

References 145

Index 000

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)