Doughboys, the Great War, and the Remaking of America / Edition 1

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Overview

How does a democratic government conscript citizens, turn them into soldiers who can fight effectively against a highly trained enemy, and then somehow reward these troops for their service? In Doughboys, the Great War, and the Remaking of America, Jennifer D. Keene argues that the doughboy experience in 1917–18 forged the U.S. Army of the twentieth century and ultimately led to the most sweeping piece of social-welfare legislation in the nation's history—the G.I. Bill.

Keene shows how citizen-soldiers established standards of discipline that the army in a sense had to adopt. Even after these troops had returned to civilian life, lessons learned by the army during its first experience with a mass conscripted force continued to influence the military as an institution. The experience of going into uniform and fighting abroad politicized citizen-soldiers, Keene finally argues, in ways she asks us to ponder. She finds that the country and the conscripts—in their view—entered into a certain social compact, one that assured veterans that the federal government owed conscripted soldiers of the twentieth century debts far in excess of the pensions the Grand Army of the Republic had claimed in the late nineteenth century.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Wigs Wags - Rene Tyree

Keene brings strong academic credentials to the work... this is an impressive addition to the scholarly base of American military hisotry albeit of decidedly different focus. Highly Recommended.

American Studies
Jennifer D. Keene [has] illuminated these once unknown soldiers through scholarship of startling originality and insight.

— Steven Trout

Journal of American History
Keene's work deserves an audience not only among scholars of military history and international relations but also among those interested in questions of race, social welfare, labor, and the relationship between the individual citizen and the state in the twentieth century.

— G. Kurt Piehler

Journal of Military History
Clearly written and magnificently researched... In the book's best passages Keene's Doughboys force the federal government to re-examine the relationship between itself and its citizen soldiers.

— Kerry E. Irish

Register of the Kentucky Historical Society
This book is a valuable contribution to the history of World War I.

— Edward M. Coffman

American Historical Review
Superb history of American soldiers during and after World War I... Full of rich, new material and original and fresh insights, all presented in a lively and engaging style.

— Nancy K. Bristow

Journal of Social History
Her work should help return the First World War to a place of primary importance in American history.

— Michael Neiberg

Historian
Keene's chapters on the military experiences of ordinary soldiers and the ways in which they perceived and articulated their careers as citizen soldiers are rich and engaging.

— Robert H. Zieger

Wigs Wags
Keene brings strong academic credentials to the work... this is an impressive addition to the scholarly base of American military hisotry albeit of decidedly different focus. Highly Recommended.

— Rene Tyree

American Studies - Steven Trout

Jennifer D. Keene [has] illuminated these once unknown soldiers through scholarship of startling originality and insight.

Journal of American History - G. Kurt Piehler

Keene's work deserves an audience not only among scholars of military history and international relations but also among those interested in questions of race, social welfare, labor, and the relationship between the individual citizen and the state in the twentieth century.

Journal of Military History - Kerry E. Irish

Clearly written and magnificently researched... In the book's best passages Keene's Doughboys force the federal government to re-examine the relationship between itself and its citizen soldiers.

Register of the Kentucky Historical Society - Edward M. Coffman

This book is a valuable contribution to the history of World War I.

American Historical Review - Nancy K. Bristow

Superb history of American soldiers during and after World War I... Full of rich, new material and original and fresh insights, all presented in a lively and engaging style.

Journal of Social History - Michael Neiberg

Her work should help return the First World War to a place of primary importance in American history.

Historian - Robert H. Zieger

Keene's chapters on the military experiences of ordinary soldiers and the ways in which they perceived and articulated their careers as citizen soldiers are rich and engaging.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801874468
  • Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/2003
  • Series: War/Society/Culture
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 303
  • Sales rank: 1,055,909
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.76 (d)

Meet the Author

Jennifer D. Keene is an associate professor of history at the University of Redlands in Redlands, California.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

Contents:

Introduction

Chapter 1 A Force to Call Our Own: Establishing the National Army

Chapter 2 Americans as Warriors

Chapter 3 The Meaning of Obedience

Chapter 4 The Politics of Race: Racial Violence and Harmony in the Wartime Army

Chapter 5 Forging Their Own Alliances: American Soldier's Relations with the French and Germans

Chapter 6 The Legacy of the War for the Army

Chapter 7 War Memories: Re-Examining the Social Contract

Chapter 8 'The Yanks Are Starving Everywhere': The Bonus MarchEpilogue - The War's Final Legacy for the Country: The GI Bill

Bibliographic Essay

Johns Hopkins University Press

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