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Dr. Seuss Goes to War: World War II Editorial Cartoons of Theodor Seuss Geisel

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Overview


For decades, readers throughout the world have enjoyed the marvelous stories and illustrations of Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss. But few know the work Geisel did as a political cartoonist during World War II, for the New York daily newspaper PM. In these extraordinarily trenchant cartoons, Geisel presents "a provocative history of wartime politics" (Entertainment Weekly). Dr. Seuss Goes to War features handsome, large-format reproductions of more than two hundred of Geisel?s cartoons, alongside...
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Dr. Seuss Goes to War: The World War II Editorial Cartoons of Theodor Seuss Geisel

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Overview


For decades, readers throughout the world have enjoyed the marvelous stories and illustrations of Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss. But few know the work Geisel did as a political cartoonist during World War II, for the New York daily newspaper PM. In these extraordinarily trenchant cartoons, Geisel presents "a provocative history of wartime politics" (Entertainment Weekly). Dr. Seuss Goes to War features handsome, large-format reproductions of more than two hundred of Geisel’s cartoons, alongside "insightful" (Booklist) commentary by the historian Richard H. Minear that places them in the context of the national climate they reflect.

Pulitzer Prize–winner Art Spiegelman’s introduction places Seuss firmly in the pantheon of the leading political cartoonists of our time.

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Editorial Reviews

From Barnes & Noble
Drawing Conclusions

Well before Sam ever considered eating green eggs and ham or Horton heard a who, Dr. Seuss was drawing biting cartoons for adults that expressed his fierce opposition to anti-Semitism and fascism. An editorial cartoonist from 1941 to 1943 for PM magazine, a left-wing daily New York newspaper, Dr. Seuss launched a battle against dictatorial rule abroad and America First (an isolationist organization that argued against U.S. entry into World War II) with more than 400 cartoons urging the United States to fight against Adolf Hitler and his cohorts in fascism, Benito Mussolini, Pierre Laval, and Japan (he never depicted General Tojo Hideki, the wartime prime minister, or Togo Shigenori, the foreign minister). Dr. Seuss Goes to War, by Richard H. Minear, includes 200 of these cartoons, demonstrating the active role Dr. Seuss played in shaping and reflecting how America responded to World War II as events unfolded.

As one of America's leading historians of Japan during World War II, Minear also offers insightful commentary on the historical and political significance of this immense body of work that, until now, has not been seriously considered as part of Dr. Seuss's extraordinary legacy.

Born to a German-American family in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1904, Theodor Geisel began his cartooning career at Dartmouth College, where he contributed to the humor magazine. After a run-in with college authorities for bootlegging liquor, he had to use a pseudonym to get his work published, choosing his middle name, Seuss, and adding "Dr." several years later when he dropped out of graduate school at Oxford University in England. He had never planned on setting poison political pen to paper until he realized his deep hatred of Italian fascism. The first editorial cartoon he drew depicts the editor of the fascist paper Il Giornale d'Italia wearing a fez (part of Italy's fascist uniform) and banging away at a giant steam typewriter while a winged Mussolini holds up the free end of the banner of paper emerging from the roll. He submitted it to a friend at PM, an outspoken political magazine that was "against people who push other people around," and began his two-year career with the magazine before joining the U.S. Army as a documentary filmmaker in 1943.

Dr. Seuss's first caricature of Hitler appears in the May 1941 cartoon, "The head eats, the rest gets milked," portraying the dictator as the proprietor of "Consolidated World Dairy," merging 11 conquered nations into one cow. Hitler went on to become one of the main caricatures in Seuss's work for the next two years, depicted alone, among his generals and other Germans, and with his allies Benito Mussolini and Pierre Laval. He is also drawn alongside "Japan," which Dr. Seuss portrays quite offensively, with slanted, bespectacled eyes and a sneering grin. While Dr. Seuss was outspoken against antiblack racism in the United States, he held a virulent disdain for the Japanese and rendered sinister and, at times, slanderous caricatures of their wartime actions even before the bombing of Pearl Harbor. But Dr. Seuss's aggression wasn't solely reserved for the fascists abroad. He was also loudly critical of America's initial apathy toward the war, skewering isolationists like America First advocate Charles Lindbergh, the Chicago Tribune's Colonel Robert McCormick, Eleanor Medill Patterson of the Washington Times-Herald, and Joseph Patterson of the New York Daily News, whom he considered as evil as Hitler. He encouraged Americans to buy war savings bonds and stamps and to do everything they could to ensure victory over fascism.

Minear provides historical background in Dr. Seuss Goes to War that not only serves to contextualize these cartoons but also deftly explains the highly problematic anti-Japanese and anticommunist stances held by both Dr. Seuss and PM magazine, which contradicted the leftist sentiments to which they both eagerly adhered. As Minear notes, Dr. Seuss eventually softened his feelings toward communism as Russia and the United States were united on the Allied front, but his stereotypical portrayals of Japanese and Japanese-Americans grew increasingly and undeniably racist as the war raged on, reflecting the troubling public opinion of American citizens. Minear does not attempt to ignore or redeem Dr. Seuss's hypocrisy; rather, he shows how these cartoons evoke the mood and the issues of the era.

After Dr. Seuss left PM magazine, he never drew another editorial cartoon, though we find in these cartoons the genesis of his later characters Yertle the dictating turtle and the Cat in the Hat, who bears a striking resemblance to Uncle Sam. Dr. Seuss Goes to War is an astonishing collection of work that many of his devoted fans have not been able to see until now. But this book is also a comprehensive, thoughtfully researched, and exciting history lesson of the Second World War, by a writer who loves Dr. Seuss as much as those who grow up with his books do.

—Kera Bolonik

From the Publisher

"Scathing, fascinating stuff. . . . A provocative history of wartime politics. Grade: A."
Entertainment Weekly

"Vigorous, trenchant, and vividly memorable, Geisel’s cartoons, accompanied by Minear’s helpful commentary, are a salutary reminder of an era in which patriotism and liberalism went hand in hand."
The Christian Science Monitor

"Great cartooning. . . . Minear’s text gives solid context to the drawings resurrected in this collection."
Atlantic Monthly

"Succeeds as both a dark-humored history lesson and a glimpse into the artistic development that would carry into Seuss’s best known books."
Mother Jones

Joshua Klein
Great works by great authors generally don't go unpublished. If literature can be likened to archeology, few high-profile excavations evince lost masterpieces; if anything turns up in the files of dead writers, it's often relegated to the realm of unfinished works in progress. What's fascinating about Dr. Seuss Goes To War, an illuminating book of never-before-collected political cartoons, isn't just the quantity but the quality.

Before Seuss became an ingenious children's author, he spent the early years of WWII working for New York's short-lived liberal publication PM. In 1941 and '42, he contributed about 400 sharp capsule cartoons that decried isolationism, anti-Semitism, and, of course, Hitler--fellow cartoonist Art Spiegelman, who wrote the introduction, dubs this series "Horton hears a heil"--all of which prove a bit disconcerting coming from a childhood idol of millions. Cartoons dealing with "the home front" are especially biting, decrying the isolationist policies of the U.S. in a provocative and agitated manner at odds with the relatively conservative tenor of the times. Targets like Hitler and Tojo are pretty obvious (and hilarious), though much of Seuss' ammunition is spent castigating Charles Lindbergh for his questionable politics.

Seuss stopped making these cartoons once America entered the international fray, opting instead to enlist; he worked under director Frank Capra making propaganda films. Historian Richard H. Minear provides several illustrative essays to contextualize Seuss' opinions, but it's the work of the would-be Doctor that makes this coffee-table book the progressive gift of choice this year.
Onion A.V. Club

Studs Terkel
A shocker—this cat is not in the hat!
People
A revelation.
Mother Jones
[B]oth a dark-humored history lesson and a glimpse into the artistic development that would carry into Seuss's best known books.
Atlantic Monthly
Great cartooning....Minear's text gives solid context to the drawings resurrected in this collection.
Entertainment Weekly
Scathing, fascinating stuff....A provocative history of wartime politics. Grade: A.
Christian Science Monitor
Vigorous, trenchant, and vividly memorable...a salutary reminder of an era in which patriotism and liberalism went hand in hand.
New York Times Book Review
A fascinating collection.
Margot Mifflin
This is a scathing, fascinating stuff, and with Minear's commentary, it provides a provocative history of wartime politics.
Entertainment Weekly
Harry Bauld
The 1941-43 editorial cartoons of Dr. Seuss (real name, Theodore Seuss Geisel), newly published with essays by historian Minear and an introduction by Maus author Art Spiegelman, are a revelation.

People Magazine

Michelle Gerise Godwin
I'm grateful that Richard Minear assembled this survey chronicling Dr. Seuss's first editorial stint nearly sixty years after his original cartoon was published.. Dr. Seuss not only helped me learn to read, he helped inspire my politics.
The Progressive Michelle Gerise Godwin
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781565847040
  • Publisher: New Press, The
  • Publication date: 9/28/2001
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 272
  • Sales rank: 142,407
  • Product dimensions: 8.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author


One of the country’s leading historians of Japan during World War II, Richard H. Minear is a professor of history at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is also the author of Victor’s Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial. Art Spiegelman is a writer and cartoonist, and author of the Pulitzer Prize–winning Maus.
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Table of Contents

Introduction 6
Some Important Dates 8
Dr. Seuss and PM 9
The Home Front 17
Hitler and Nazi Germany 73
The Rest of the World 115
Winning The War 183
Concluding Thoughts 259
Acknowledgments and Sources 267
Chronological Listing of Cartoons 268
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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4.5
( 6 )
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Sort by: Showing all of 6 Customer Reviews
  • Posted September 5, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    An important book for many reasons!

    I believe that this book is an important read for anyone that grew up enjoying Dr Seuss, as well as teachers looking to find a new way to broach a topic with students, particularly high school students. It shows people that, not only are there two sides to every person, but that things as simple as the Sunday comics can bear important messages about our times. If you are already a World War II buff, you wont learn anything new by reading the historical introduction to each chapter, but I encourage it any ways, because it does help to shine light on some of the comics. For people that do not know much about World War II this is a very light, and fantastic, break in to that era of history. It is odd to see characters that we have all loved in our childhood bearing swastikas, and perhaps that makes the messages more meaningful. I would also encourage people to apply Dr Seuss' messages to our own time, its boggling to see how many of the same things apply.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 3, 2009

    We gave this as a gift and that person seemed to have enjoyed it greatly also.

    It had alot of information in it and it was very entertaining. I have always loved Dr. Seuss.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 31, 2014

    Sapphire

    "Yes, thats perfect. We never do suprise attacks. We also need to fins a new place to train, everyone reads our post at ethereal. I had three cata tell blazeclan we were attacking, 1 treyclan, and 2dayclan!"

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 31, 2014

    Ice

    ((Fallen got locked out...can we move to second result)) Ice cocked her head. "Whos Ender?" She asked. "Oh and I think sappire does hve a point. Maybe we could actually even combine ideas. Maybe send a small, five cat, patrol on a short missiin to kill a cat....or hurt some, and then run out....ghen go quiet for awhile.........then run like mad house" she said suggestively

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 31, 2014

    Bloodheart

    Next res

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 10, 2010

    No text was provided for this review.

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