Drawing the Line: The Untold Story of the Animation Unions from Bosko to Bart Simpson

Drawing the Line: The Untold Story of the Animation Unions from Bosko to Bart Simpson

by Tom Sito
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813124077

ISBN-13: 9780813124070

Pub. Date: 10/28/2006

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

Some of the most beloved characters in film and television inhabit two-dimensional worlds that spring from the fertile imaginations of talented animators. The movements, characterizations, and settings in the best animated films are as vivid as any live action film, and sometimes seem more alive than life itself. In this case, Hollywood's marketing slogans are

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Overview

Some of the most beloved characters in film and television inhabit two-dimensional worlds that spring from the fertile imaginations of talented animators. The movements, characterizations, and settings in the best animated films are as vivid as any live action film, and sometimes seem more alive than life itself. In this case, Hollywood's marketing slogans are fitting; animated stories are frequently magical, leaving memories of happy endings in young and old alike. However, the fantasy lands animators create bear little resemblance to the conditions under which these artists work. Anonymous animators routinely toiled in dark, cramped working environments for long hours and low pay, especially at the emergence of the art form early in the twentieth century. In Drawing the Line, veteran animator Tom Sito chronicles the efforts of generations of working men and women artists who have struggled to create a stable standard of living that is as secure as the worlds their characters inhabit. The former president of America's largest animation union, Sito offers a unique insider's account of animators' struggles with legendary studio kingpins such as Jack Warner and Walt Disney, and their more recent battles with Michael Eisner and other Hollywood players. Based on numerous archival documents, personal interviews, and his own experiences, Sito's history of animation unions is both carefully analytical and deeply personal. Drawing the Line stands as a vital corrective to this field of Hollywood history and is an important look at the animation industry's past, present, and future. Like most elements of the modern commercial media system, animation is rapidly being changed by the forces of globalization and technological innovation. Yet even as pixels replace pencils and bytes replace paints, the working relationship between employer and employee essentially remains the same. In Drawing the Line, Sito challenges the next wave of animators to heed the lessons of their predecessors by organizing and acting collectively to fight against the enormous pressures of the marketplace for their class interests — and for the betterment of their art form.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813124070
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
Publication date:
10/28/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
440
Sales rank:
1,236,977
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction : why a history of animation unions?1
1The world of the animation studio : the carton assembly line7
2Suits : producers as artists see them31
3Hollywood labor, 1933-1941 : the birth of cartoonists unions57
4The Fleischer strike : a union busted, a studio destroyed77
5The great disney studio strike : the Civil War of animation101
6The war of Hollywood and the blacklist : 1945-1953153
7A bag of oranges : the terrytoons strike and the great white father197
8Lost generations : 1952-1988213
9Animation and the global market : the runaway wars, 1979-1982247
10Fox and hounds : the torch seen passing285
11Camelot : 1988-2001293
12Animation ... isn't that all done on computers now? : the digital revolution319
Conclusion : where to now?345

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