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Within the Hmong American community, mothers and aunts of teenagers use bangles, lace and traditional handwork techniques to create dazzling displays reflecting the gender and ethnicity of their sons and daughters, nieces and nephews, as they participate in an annual courtship ritual. This book examines these events to show how dress is used to transform gender construction and create positive images of African American and Hmong American youth.
Coming-of-age rituals serve as arenas of cultural revision and change. For each of these communities, the choice of dress represents cultural affirmation. This author shows that within the homogenizing context of American society, dress serves as a site for the continual renegotiation of identity - gendered, ethnic and otherwise.
|List of Illustrations|
|2||Hmong American Dress and Culture: An Overview||15|
|3||Dress to be Successful in America: Models of Masculinity at Hmong New Year||31|
|4||I am Hmong, I am American, I am a Hmong American Woman||49|
|5||Invention of Tradition: Emergence of Ethnic Dress in America||71|
|6||African American Debutante Balls: Presenting Women of Quality||81|
|7||'It was Style, with a capital "S"': Versions of Being Male Presented at the Beautillion Ball||97|
|8||Coming of Age in America: Common Threads||113|