Drugs in the Western Hemisphere: An Odyssey of Cultures in Conflict / Edition 1

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A history of drugs is a study of cultures in competition, argues editor William Walker. Eminently adaptive, drug cultures have competed with proscriptive cultures to create a legitimate place for themselves, although one that the dominant society may recognize only tacitly. Drugs in the Western Hemisphere brings together forty-six essays that examine the complex negotiations and changing rhetoric revolving around issues of drugs and their control between the United States and its Latin American neighbors. Professor Walker offers a chronological overview of the evolution of U.S.-Latin American drug policy from the turn of the century to the Clinton administration. He has collected essays from sociologists, historians, political scientists, and public policy experts, resulting in one of the most approachable readers yet assembled on this important and difficult topic.
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Editorial Reviews

Forty-six essays, arranged chronologically, examine the historical emergence of Latin American and US drug cultures, focusing on governmental negotiations for control of the drug trade. The contributors present the origins of drug use in the US, its cultivation by Latin American countries from the 1920s to the 1940s and through World War II, and issues surrounding legalization, security, and current narcotics policies. Lacks an index. Paper edition (unseen), $16.95. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Harry Sanabria
This volume is quite simply a stupendous collection of essays. . . . We are reminded how now, as in the past, drugs and drug consumption have been arenas through and within which power and inequality, struggle and competition, attempts at and resistance to domination, combat between the powerful and not so powerful, have been played out at the local, regional, and international levels.
Kenneth E. Sharpe
Walker has compiled a rich selection of perceptive and little-known historical documents on drug production and trafficking in the Americas since the turn of the century. . . . Essential reading for those who want to understand how we became involved in Latin American drug wars, the often-damaging impact of U.S. policies at home and abroad, and why these policies have done so little to stem the flow of drugs into the United States.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780842024266
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 2/28/1996
  • Series: Jaguar Books on Latin America Series , #12
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 262
  • Sales rank: 1,522,492
  • Product dimensions: 6.48 (w) x 8.92 (h) x 0.71 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Culture, Drugs, and Politics in the Americas
I Cultures in Conflict 1
1 The History of Coca 2
2 The Coca Debate in Colonial Peru 8
3 Coca Production in the Bolivian Yungas 22
4 Opium Usage in the United States, 1872 34
5 Nonmedical Drug Use in the United States 41
6 The War against the Murderers 46
7 The Origins of Inter-American Drug Control 51
II Drugs in Latin America, 1920-1940 57
8 The Cultivation of Opium Poppies in Mexico, 1926 59
9 Traffic across the U.S.-Mexican Border, 1931 60
10 The Business of Drugs in Mexico, 1936 61
11 Control across the Border 64
12 Drugs and Honduran Politics, 1933 80
13 In Defense of the Government of Honduras, 1934 82
14 Drug Trafficking and Murder in Honduras, 1935 84
15 Charges of Complicity in Honduras, 1939 85
16 The Honduran Antidrug Record in the 1930s 88
17 In Defense of Coca Growing in Bolivia, 1932 98
18 The Problem of Coca in Bolivian Society, 1942 107
19 Coca and Peruvian Indians, 1932 109
20 Studying Coca Production in Peru, 1936 112
III The Wartime Experience 115
21 Peruvian Cocaine and the War Effort, 1941 116
22 Cocaine Production in Peru, 1942 117
23 Drug Control in Peru, 1945 118
24 U.S. Agents in Mexico, 1941 120
25 Mexican Opium Production and Trafficking, 1943 122
26 The United States, Mexico, and Drug Control, 1943 124
27 A Drug Raid in Durango, 1944 127
IV Confrontation and Controversy 131
28 Attack on Opium Production in Mexico, 1947 133
29 U.S.-Mexican Reconciliation, 1948 134
30 Coca Chewing in Colombia, 1948 137
31 The Coca Leaf Habit in the Andes 139
32 The Coca Habit in South America, 1952 140
33 The Coca Habit in Peru, 1952 146
34 The Problem of Coca-Leaf Chewing, 1953 150
35 A System of Controlled Legalization in the United States, 1955 154
36 Interview with a Drug Dealer 160
V Drugs and Security 167
37 Intensifying the U.S.-Mexican War on Drugs, 1960 169
38 Castro's Cuba and Illicit Drug Traffic, 1959 170
39 The Mexican Campaign against Growers, 1962 172
40 Mexico's Antidrug Campaign in the 1970s 174
41 Drug Trafficking in Colombia, 1980 193
VI Drugs in the Americas: An Assessment 195
42 The Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the War on Drugs, 1988 198
43 The Drug War in Colombia, 1989 201
44 The Clinton Administration's Shift in Policy, 1944 215
45 Operation Polar Cap 217
46 The Foreign Narcotics Policy of the United States since 1980 229
Suggested Readings 251
Suggested Films 261
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