The Dumbarton Oaks Conversations and the United Nations, 1944 - 1994 / Edition 1

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Overview

In 1944, as the end of World War II approached, an important series of talks was held to plan the formation of postwar international institutions. The site for the conversations was Dumbarton Oaks in Washington, D.C., a research institute administered by Harvard University. In a spirit of optimism, Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that the purpose was "to create the institutional foundations for a just and enduring peace," while Soviet ambassador Andrei Gromyko spoke of an international organization that would "guarantee for the peoples peace, security, and prosperity in the future." The meetings, which included debates on a variety of issues, were a first step toward the creation of the United Nations.

In 1994, the "Dumbarton Oaks Conference, 1944-1994" brought together scholars and policymakers who have been involved with the study of international organizations or have played important roles in them. The conference papers in this volume examine both the formation of the United Nations and a number of current issues, including human rights, collective economic sanctions, peacekeeping operations, and the evolution of the role of the secretary-general.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780884022558
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection
  • Publication date: 11/28/1998
  • Series: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 176
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Ernest R. May was Charles Warren Professor of History at Harvard University and Director of the Intelligence Policy Program at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government.

Angeliki E. Laiou was Dumbarton Oaks Professor of Byzantine History at Harvard University.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Dumbarton Oaks Conference, 1944-1994: Remarks from the Opening Session
Opening Remarks: Dumbarton Oaks Conference, 1944-1994
The United Nations: From War Fighting to Peace Planning 1
Sober Expectations: The United Nations and a "Sensible Machinery" for Peace 9
A Strategic Triad for the New Era 15
The Evolution of the Secretary-General 25
Lessons of the Postwar Experience in Europe 35
A Hope That Still Might Come True 41
Big Power Assurance of Peace Versus the Principle of Equality among All Nations 47
Collective Economic Sanctions: Nonforcible Responses to Threats to Peace 61
Sovereignty and International Intervention in the Internal Affairs of States: Peacekeeping Operations 71
UN Peacekeeping during the Cold War: Middle East and Third World Perspectives 77
Humanizing Global Institutions 89
Human Rights from Dumbarton Oaks 97
Individual Rights, Minority Rights, and Group Rights 105
Universal Human Rights in a Multicultural World 111
Notes on the Contributors 131
Dumbarton Oaks Conference, 1944-1994 139
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