Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator with CD-ROM

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Netscape Navigator is far and away the most popular software program for browsing the World Wide Web. With Netscape Navigator, a whole range of features (including multimedia, virtual reality, video conferencing, telephony, and e-mail) is yours to explore. Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator takes you step-by-step through everything from setup and configuration to installing and using special plug-in software that extends your Web browser's capabilities. In addition to easy-to-follow lessons and fun quizzes, Dummies ...
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Overview

Netscape Navigator is far and away the most popular software program for browsing the World Wide Web. With Netscape Navigator, a whole range of features (including multimedia, virtual reality, video conferencing, telephony, and e-mail) is yours to explore. Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator takes you step-by-step through everything from setup and configuration to installing and using special plug-in software that extends your Web browser's capabilities. In addition to easy-to-follow lessons and fun quizzes, Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator includes a bonus CD-ROM containing the software and Internet access service you need to get started right away. AT&T WorldNetSM Service for connecting to the Internet is there and ready to use, as is Netscape Navigator itself and popular plug-ins like Shockwave, ichat, and Acrobat Reader.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780764500343
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/1/1996
  • Series: Dummies 101 Series
  • Edition description: BK&DISK
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 8.28 (w) x 10.81 (h) x 0.83 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
You, the Reader
How the Book Works
How the Book Is Organized
Part I: Browsing the World Wide Web
Part II: Reading E-mail and Usenet Newsgroups
Part III: Multimedia, Plug-ins, and Creating Web Pages
Appendixes
Icons Used in This Book
About the Dummies 101 CD-ROM
Send Us E-mail
Part I: Browsing the World Wide Web
Unit 1: Getting Started with Netscape Navigator
Lesson 1-1: Preparing to Go Online with Netscape Navigator
Understanding what equipment you need
Getting an Internet account
Getting and installing Netscape
Understanding a few basic terms
Lesson 1-2: Jumping onto the Web
Opening Netscape and connecting to the Net
Moving up and down a Web page
Finding links on a Web page
Identifying a link's electronic address
Lesson 1-3: Cruising the Web by Using Links
Moving back and forth on the Web
Using the Go menu and History window
Recess
Unit 1 Quiz
Unit 1 Exercise
Unit 2: Searching for Information on the Web
Lesson 2-1: Cruising the Web by Using Bookmarks
Installing a bookmark file
Leafing through bookmarks
Using bookmarks to sample the best of the Web
Creating bookmarks
Deleting bookmarks
Lesson 2-2: Organizing Bookmarks
Creating and deleting subfolders and separator lines
Recess
Lesson 2-3: Entering URLs
Typing a URL in the Location box
Lesson 2-4: Searching a Web Page for Information
Lesson 2-5: Searching the Entire Web for Information
Using a category-based Web searcher
Using an open-ended Web searcher
Using multiple Web searchers
Unit 2 Quiz
Unit 2 Exercise
Unit 3: Saving Web Information and Downloading Files
Lesson 3-1: Printing and Saving Web Information
Printing the contents of a Web page
Saving the contents of a Web page to disk
Saving Web data as a text file
Saving your data as an HTML file
Checking your saved text and HTML files
Lesson 3-2: Downloading Files from the Web
Searching for and downloading a file
Poking around Web sites for files
Unit 3 Quiz
Unit 3 Exercise
Unit 4: Fine-Tuning the Browser
Lesson 4-1: Enhancing Netscape's Performance
Cruising without pictures
Using multiple browsers
Lesson 4-2: Adjusting Netscape's Appearance
Eliminating Netscape window elements
Changing fonts, colors, and other Netscape settings
Unit 4 Quiz
Unit 4 Exercise
Part I Review
Unit 1 Summary
Unit 2 Summary
Unit 3 Summary
Unit 4 Summary
Part I Test
Part I Lab Assignment
Part II: Reading E-mail and Usenet Newsgroups
Unit 5: Receiving and Sending E-mail
Lesson 5-1: Telling Netscape How to Get Your Mail
Can Netscape get your mail?
Finding out where your mail is
Telling Netscape where your mail is
Typing your mail password
Lesson 5-2: Sending a Message
Composing a message
Exiting the Netscape Mail window
Recess
Lesson 5-3: Reading E-mail Messages
Going to the mailbox for your mail
Checking your e-mail again
Lesson 5-4: Replying to, Forwarding, Printing, and Deleting Messages
Replying to a message
Forwarding a message
Printing a message
Deleting a message
Recess
Lesson 5-5: E-mail E-tiquette
Unit 5 Quiz
Unit 5 Exercise
Unit 6: More Mail Moves
Lesson 6-1: Using Your Address Book
Adding names to your address book
Addressing messages by using the address book
Recess
Lesson 6-2: Filing Messages in Folders
Creating a new folder
Sorting your mail
Lesson 6-3: Sending Files Along with Your Messages
Lesson 6-4: Receiving an Attached File
Unit 6 Quiz
Unit 6 Exercise
Unit 7: Joining Usenet Newsgroups
Lesson 7-1: Reading Newsgroup Articles
Opening the Netscape News window
Telling Netscape about your news server
Seeing a list of newsgroups
Reading an article
Lesson 7-2: Listing and Subscribing to Newsgroups
Displaying and exploring the full newsgroup list
Subscribing and unsubscribing to newsgroups
Recess
Lesson 7-3: Searching for Newsgroups of Interest
Lesson 7-4: Replying to Newsgroup Articles
Posting a test article
Reading the article you posted
Forwarding, printing, and saving articles
Recess
Unit 7 Quiz
Unit 7 Exercise
Part II Review
Unit 5 Summary
Unit 6 Summary
Unit 7 Summary
Part II Test
Part II Lab Assignment
Part III: Multimedia, Plug-ins, and Creating Web Pages
Unit 8: Extending Netscape's Capabilities by Using Plug-ins
Lesson 8-1: Introduction to Fancy Web Terminology, and Why Plug-ins Are Cool
Making smarter Web pages
Making smarter Web browsers
Lesson 8-2: Installing Plug-ins
Which plug-ins do you have?
Installing plug-ins from the CD-ROM
Installing plug-ins that you download
After you install plug-ins
Lesson 8-3: Listening to the Web with RealAudio and LiveAudio
Installing the RealAudio plug-in
Using RealAudio to listen to the radio
Installing the LiveAudio plug-in
Playing sounds with LiveAudio
Recess
Lesson 8-4: Watching Movies with LiveVideo, QuickTime, and Shockwave
Installing LiveVideo and QuickTime
Watching AVI movies with LiveVideo
Watching QuickTime movies
Installing Shockwave
Looking at "shocked" pages
Finding all kinds of movies
Lesson 8-5: Wandering in Cyberspace with Live3D
Finding worlds to explore
Recess
Lesson 8-6: Viewing Documents with ASAP WebShow, Word Viewer, and Formula One/NET
Watching slide shows with ASAP WebShow
Viewing Word documents with Word Viewer
Displaying spreadsheets by using Formula One/NET
Lesson 8-7: Two More Cool Plug-ins: Ichat and CyberSpell
Chatting on the Web
Adding a spelling checker
Lesson 8-8: Uninstalling a Plug-In
Using the plug-in's uninstall program
Using the Windows 95 Add/Remove utility
Removing a plug-in manually
Unit 8 Quiz
Unit 8 Exercise
Unit 9: Creating Your Own Web Pages
Lesson 9-1: Creating a Web Page
Opening the Netscape Editor window
Composing text for your Web page
Saving your Web page
Recess
Lesson 9-2: Editing Your Web Page
Retrieving a Web page
Adding Web page links
Making a bulleted list
Lesson 9-3: Adding Pictures to Your Web Page
Getting electronic pictures
Choosing and preparing your pictures
Placing a picture on your Web page
Lesson 9-4: Publishing Your Web Page
What's a Web server?
Getting your Web pages onto a Web server
Copying your Web pages to a Web server
Unit 9 Quiz
Unit 9 Exercise
Part III Review
Unit 8 Summary
Unit 9 Summary
Part III Test
Part III Lab Assignment
Appendix A: Answers
Part I Test Answers
Part II Test Answers
Part III Test Answers
Appendix B: Using the Programs on the Dummies 101 CD-ROM
Running the Dummies 101 Installer Program
Unit 1: Using the AT&T WorldNet Software
Unit 1: Using Acrobat Reader
Installing Acrobat Reader
Reading documents with Acrobat Reader
Getting more information about Acrobat Reader
Acrobat Files on the CD-ROM
Unit 2: Installing the Dummies 101 Bookmarks
Unit 3: Using WinZip
Installing WinZip from the CD-ROM
Installing WinZip manually
Running WinZip
Viewing the contents of a zip file
Extracting the contents of a zip file
Getting more information about WinZip
Registering WinZip
Unit 3: Using Paint Shop Pro
Installing Paint Shop Pro
Viewing picture files with Paint Shop Pro
Getting more information about Paint Shop Pro
Registering Paint Shop Pro
Unit 6: Exercise File
Unit 8: Installing Netscape Plug-ins
Unit 9: Exercise Files
Index

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First Chapter

Unit 2
Searching for Information on the Web

Objectives for This Unit

  • Using bookmarks to move to Web pages
  • Creating and deleting bookmarks
  • Organizing bookmarks
  • Typing in a URL
  • Searching a Web page for information
  • Searching the entire Web for information

Lesson 2-1: Cruising the Web by Using Bookmarks

As you saw in Unit 1, links give you an intuitive, rambling way to explore the Web and discover information you didn't even know you wanted. When you find a Web page you consider especially useful, however, you may want some way of returning to it easily and repeatedly. The navigation tools you've learned about so far -- such as Netscape's Back and Forward buttons and its Go menu -- let you return to pages that you've visited during your current session, but they don't maintain a permanent record of those pages for future sessions.

Fortunately, Netscape also provides a nifty feature called bookmarks. Just as a physical bookmark helps you quickly go to a particular page in a book, Netscape's bookmarks let you jump to particular Web pages. These electronic bookmarks are stored on your hard disk, and they remain there until you explicitly delete them. Therefore, you can use a bookmark at any time during your Web session to move to a specific Web page.

This lesson shows you how to use predefined bookmarks, create your own bookmarks, and delete bookmarks. By the time you're done, you'll be able to create a Web page library that's tailored to your personal tastes and needs.

Installing a bookmark file

Bookmarks are stored in your Netscape folder in a file named Bookmark.htm. The htm extension stands for HyperText Markup Language, which is the computer language that both Web pages and bookmarks are written in. (For more information about htm files, see Unit 9.)

The Bookmark.htm file typically stays empty until you add bookmarks to it yourself by using a Netscape menu command. However, to jump-start your ability to get around the Web, we've created a substitute Bookmark.htm file containing bookmarks for what we consider to be some of the best sites on the Internet. To take advantage of this predefined collection of bookmarks, follow these steps:

  1. Run Netscape (but don't connect to the Internet).

    You see the Netscape browser window and your dialer program. For now, ignore your dialer program and notice that one of the menus in your Netscape window is named Bookmarks.

  2. Click the Bookmarks menu.

    If the version of Netscape you're using is typical, you see only the two Bookmarks commands, which are Add Bookmark and Go to Bookmarks. When you actually have bookmarks, they are listed on this menu below the two commands.

    If you do see bookmarks listed -- for example, if bookmarks were supplied in your version of Netscape by your Internet provider -- don't worry. Installing the substitute Bookmark.htm file won't destroy your current file but will simply rename it Bookmark.old. If you ever want to restore your original bookmarks file, you can move to your Netscape folder, rename Bookmark.htm to something else, and then change the name of Bookmark.old back to Bookmark.htm.

  3. Choose File-->Exit to close both Netscape and your dialer program.

    Both programs exit. Now install the bookmark file we've created for you, which is stored on the CD-ROM that came with this book.

  4. Insert the Dummies 101 CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive.

    Be careful to touch only the edges of the CD-ROM, and be sure to insert the CD-ROM with its printed side up. If you're using Windows 95, a Dummies 101 Installer program that displays buttons for installing various programs on the CD-ROM should appear. If this occurs, skip to Step 9.

  5. If the Installer program does not appear: If you've already created a Dummies 101 Installer icon (by skipping ahead to either Appendix B or the "Dummies 101 CD-ROM Installation Instructions" page at the back of this book), double-click the icon to bring up the Installer window and then skip to Step 9.

    If you haven't created a Dummies 101 Installer icon yet, simply follow the next few steps to bring up the Installer window manually.

  6. If you're using Windows 95, click the Start button (that is, the button in the bottom-left corner of your screen). If you're using Windows 3.1, click the Program Manager's File menu.

    A menu that includes a Run option pops up.

  7. Click the Run option.

    A Run dialog box appears.

  8. In the Run dialog box, type d:\install (that is, the letter d, a colon, a backslash, and the word install). If your CD-ROM drive isn't drive D, type the letter appropriate for your drive instead of D. When you're done, press Enter or click OK.

    The Run dialog box closes and, after a few moments, the Dummies 101 Installer program appears. Notice that the Installer displays buttons for installing various programs on the CD-ROM.

  9. Click the Bookmarks button.

    Installation of the Bookmark.htm file begins. When you're asked to provide the name and location of your Netscape program folder, accept the displayed suggestion if it's accurate or type the correct name and location. (For example, if you used the default Netscape installation for Windows 95, your folder is C:\Program Files\Netscape\Navigator.) If you don't know or remember where the folder is located, you can search for it by using My Computer or Windows Explorer or by using the Windows 3.1 File Manager. Follow any additional prompts that appear on-screen to complete the installation.

  10. When the installation of the Bookmark.htm file is completed, click the Installer box's Exit button.

    The Installer program exits.

Note: If for some reason the Bookmark.htm installation doesn't work properly for you, try this instead: With the Dummies 101 CD-ROM in your CD-ROM drive, press Ctrl+B to open a Bookmarks window, press Alt+F and then I to open an Import bookmarks file dialog box, type d:\bookmark.htm (if your CD-ROM drive isn't D, type the appropriate drive letter instead), and press Enter. This copies all the bookmarks from the CD-ROM into your existing bookmarks file.

You now have a bunch of interesting new bookmarks. Proceed to the next section to check 'em out!

Leafing through bookmarks

To examine the new bookmarks you just installed, follow these steps:

  1. Run Netscape and connect to the Internet.

    Your Netscape browser window should be maximized and displaying a Web page.

  2. Choose the Bookmarks menu.

    You again see the commands Add Bookmark and Go To Bookmarks. This time, however, you also see a list of bookmark categories below the commands, as shown in Figure 2-1.

  3. Move your mouse pointer over Books. (If you're using Windows 3.1, keep your mouse button held down.)

    You see the names of book-related Web sites, including The Internet Classics Archive (offers full-text translations of nearly 400 classic Greek, Roman, and Italian works, such as The Iliad and The Odyssey), The Complete Works of Shakespeare (provides the complete works of William Shakespeare), BookWire (supplies book news, reviews, and handy guides to book resources on the Net), and Amazon.com Bookstore (an online bookstore with over one million titles in its searchable electronic catalog).

  4. Move your mouse pointer over Newspapers and Magazines.

    You see the names of more Web sites, including The New York Times on the Web (a searchable version of the daily "newspaper of record"), USA Today (a searchable version of the visually splashy daily newspaper), The Wall Street Journal Money Interactive Edition (a source for up-to-date stock prices, business news, and other timely financial information), and Time Warner's Pathfinder (which lets you search for and read articles from a variety of Time-Warner publications, including Entertainment Weekly, Fortune, Money, People, Sports Illustrated, and Time Magazine).

  5. Move your mouse pointer over Job Hunting.

    You see the names of additional Web sites, including America's Job Bank (lists over 250,000 jobs from 1,800 state Employment Service offices), CareerPath.com (lets you search through employment ads from nine major newspapers, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, and the Los Angeles Times), and the Online Career Center (lets you search for work by job category and region and lets you post your resume online).

  6. Move your mouse pointer over Travel.

    You see the names of yet more Web pages, including City.Net (provides extensive information on virtually any city or region in the world), Virtual Tourist II World Map (provides the same comprehensive information as City.Net, but lets you search for it visually via thousands of maps), and Hotel Anywhere (offers information on over 7,000 hotels worldwide, as well as links to hundreds of other travel-related Web sites).

  7. Move your mouse pointer over Hotel Anywhere (but don't click).

    The URL associated with the bookmark under your mouse pointer is displayed in the message bar (just as a URL is displayed when you point to a link on a Web page).

  8. Choose the Bookmarks menu's Go To Bookmarks option.

    You now see the names of the bookmarks within each folder, as shown in Figure 2-2. (If you don't, double-click every folder to display the Web page names it contains.) Because you have scores of bookmarks, you can't see them all in the window simultaneously.

  9. Click the vertical scroll bar arrows or press the PgDn and PgUp keys to examine all your bookmarks.

    The window contains over 100 bookmarks covering a wide range of topics.

  10. Click a bookmark.

    The bookmark is highlighted, and its URL is displayed in the window's message bar.

  11. Click the Close button of the Bookmarks window to exit.

    The list of bookmarks closes, giving you an unobstructed view of the Netscape window again.

The Bookmarks window is one of the few options that you can select from more than one menu. In addition to choosing Bookmarks-->Go To Bookmarks, you can open the Bookmarks window by choosing Window-->Bookmarks. You can also open the window by pressing the keystroke shortcut Ctrl+B, which has the same effect as choosing the option from a menu.

Intrigued? Good! Because your next step is to use the bookmarks you just viewed to actually visit some of the best sites on the Web.

Using bookmarks to sample the best of the Web

Using a bookmark to visit a Web page is just as easy as using a link -- you simply point to it and click (unless you're in the Bookmarks window, in which case you need to point and double-click).

Keep in mind, however, that everything on the Internet changes rapidly, including Web addresses. Therefore, if a bookmark you try in the following exercise no longer works, just select a different bookmark.

  1. Choose Bookmarks-->Books-->The Complete Works of Shakespeare.

    You're greeted with information about the bard and his works. If you're so inclined, delve deeper into this Web site by choosing to read scenes from a particular play. You don't have to rush; we'll wait for you. (After all, his work is timeless. . . .)

  2. Choose Bookmarks-->Newspapers and Magazines-->USA Today.

    You see the latest headline news from USA Today (complete with full-color photographs!).

  3. Choose Bookmarks-->Travel-->Virtual Tourist II World Map.

    You're met by a map of the world and an invitation to click the name of the area in which you're interested. Follow the prompts and click progressively more detailed maps until you zero in on information about the country, state, or city you're seeking.

Pretty cool, huh?

If you enjoyed visiting those Web sites, you may want to take some time to explore a few of the other pages linked to the predefined bookmarks. In each case, move to the page you want by choosing the Bookmarks menu, moving your mouse pointer over the appropriate category, and then clicking the bookmark. After you're done, go on to the next section, which explains how to create your own bookmarks.

Creating bookmarks

Using predefined bookmarks is a fun and easy way to get started exploring the Web. However, because nobody else can judge which Web pages are of the most interest to you, get in the habit of creating your own bookmarks. If you do so regularly and thoughtfully, you soon build up an extremely useful Web page library tailored to your particular tastes and needs.

Creating a bookmark involves two simple steps: moving to a Web page and then either choosing Bookmarks-->Add Bookmark or pressing Ctrl+D.

You can use the bookmark you create yourself in exactly the same way you use a predefined bookmark -- that is, by displaying it through the Bookmarks menu and clicking it.

  1. If you aren't still connected to the Internet, log on again now.

    Your Netscape browser window should be maximized and displaying a Web page.

  2. Locate a link to a Web page that interests you.

    When you point to the link, your mouse pointer turns into a hand, and the link's URL appears in the message bar.

  3. Click the link.

    You move to the Web page associated with the link.

  4. Repeat Steps 2 and 3 until you reach a page that you think you'd enjoy visiting repeatedly in the future.

    You're on a Web page that you reached through a series of links.

  5. Choose the Bookmarks menu.

    You see the option Add Bookmark, as well as a list of bookmark categories. Make note of the last item on the menu's list.

  6. Choose the Add Bookmark option.

    The menu closes, and (although you can't see it right now) a bookmark pointing to your current page is added to the bottom of the bookmarks list.

  7. Click the Home button.

    You return to the Netscape Communications home page.

  8. Choose Bookmarks.

    The menu drops down and shows that the last item on the bookmarks list is now the bookmark you created in Step 6.

  9. Select the bookmark you created.

    You move back to the Web page associated with the bookmark.

The bookmark you created remains on your bookmarks list until you explicitly delete it. You learn how to remove bookmarks that have outlived their usefulness in the next section.

Creating bookmarks is quick and easy. Therefore, as you continue to cruise the Internet and discover interesting Web pages, don't hesitate to take advantage of this great feature.

Creating Web page shortcuts

Creating a bookmark isn't the only way you can set a pointer to a Web page. If you're using Windows 95, you can also create a shortcut, which is a file that you can keep directly on your desktop. To do so, simply move to a Web page you want to access frequently, click the "chain links" icon directly to the left of Netscape's Location box and, while keeping your mouse button held down, drag the icon to your desktop. Lastly, release your mouse button. The shortcut to the Web page appears as an icon on your desktop.

If you double-click the shortcut when Netscape is running, Netscape responds by moving to the page. More importantly, if you double-click the shortcut when Netscape isn't running, Netscape and your dialer program automatically open and, after you connect to the Internet, Netscape moves to the appropriate Web page. The latter is more efficient than double-clicking the Netscape Navigator icon, clicking the Bookmarks menu, and then clicking a bookmark. However, it's best to avoid cluttering your desktop with a lot of icons, so we suggest that you create shortcuts for no more than two or three Web pages that you access constantly.

Deleting bookmarks

As you add more and more bookmarks, your bookmark list may become too cluttered for you to use it easily. If this happens, you can reduce the muddle by eliminating bookmarks that have outlived their usefulness.

To remove a bookmark, highlight it in the Bookmarks window and then either choose Edit-->Delete or press the Delete key. For example, follow these steps to remove the bookmark you created in the preceding section:

  1. Press Ctrl+B (which has the same effect as choosing Bookmarks-->Go To Bookmarks).

    The Bookmarks window opens and displays all your bookmarks.

  2. Press Ctrl+End.

    You move to the bottom of the window. Because the bookmark you created is the last one on the list, it is now highlighted. (If it isn't, click it now to highlight it.)

  3. Press the Delete key (or choose Edit-->Delete).

    The bookmark you selected is eliminated.

After you delete a bookmark, you can't bring it back. Therefore, think twice before deleting to ensure that you don't accidentally remove a bookmark you meant to keep.

Lesson 2-2: Organizing Bookmarks

Just as you should keep your hard disk organized by grouping your files into folders, you should keep your bookmarks organized by grouping them into folders. Doing so helps to ensure that you can always find the bookmark you need quickly and easily.

To put your bookmarks in order, first open the Bookmarks window. You can then use the Item and Edit menu options to create new folders, cut or copy bookmarks from folders, and paste bookmarks to folders.

For example, to create a Favorites folder and then copy some of your favorite bookmarks into it, follow these steps:

  1. Press Ctrl+B (or choose Bookmarks-->Go To Bookmarks).

    The Bookmarks window opens.

  2. Press Ctrl+Home to move to the top of the window.

    The main bookmark folder, which contains all the other bookmarks and folders, is highlighted.

  3. Notice that the window has three menus: File, Edit, and Item. Choose Item.

    Several menu options appear, including Insert Folder. This option creates a new folder.

  4. Choose Insert Folder.

    A dialog box like the one in Figure 2-3 appears. Near its top is a Name box that contains the highlighted text New Folder.

  5. Type the name Favorites for your new folder.

    The name you typed replaces the previous text in the Name box.

  6. Click the OK button.

    The dialog box closes, and a new folder named Favorites appears in the window. It's pictured as open to indicate that its contents are displayed automatically.

  7. Select any listed bookmark that you consider a favorite by clicking it.

    The bookmark is highlighted to indicate that it's selected.

  8. Choose Edit-->Copy.

    A copy of the bookmark is invisibly inserted in the Windows Clipboard, and the original bookmark is unaffected.

  9. Click your Favorites folder.

    The folder is highlighted to indicate that it's selected.

  10. Choose Edit-->Paste.

    A copy of the bookmark appears in the Favorites folder.

  11. Select another favorite bookmark by clicking it.

    The bookmark is highlighted.

  12. Press Ctrl+C (which has the same effect as choosing Edit-->Copy).

    The bookmark is copied.

  13. Click your Favorites folder.

    The folder is highlighted.

  14. Press Ctrl+V (which has the same effect as choosing Edit-->Paste).

    A copy of the bookmark appears in the Favorites folder.

If you like, you can continue repeating Steps 11 through 14 until all your favorite bookmarks are grouped together in your Favorites folder.

Alternately, if you don't want to make copies of bookmarks but simply want to move them to Favorites, you can press Ctrl+X or choose Edit-->Cut in Steps 8 and 12. The latter command removes the selected bookmark from its current location and stores it in the Windows Clipboard, allowing you to paste it into a different location.

Creating and deleting subfolders and separator lines

You can further organize your bookmarks by creating subfolders (folders within folders) and separator lines (lines that visually distinguish one group of bookmarks or folders from another).

For example, follow these steps to create and mark off a Music subfolder within your Favorites folder:

  1. If you aren't still in the Bookmarks window, press Ctrl+B.
  2. Click your Favorites folder to select it.

    The folder is highlighted.

  3. Choose Item-->Insert Folder.

    A dialog box appears.

  4. Type Music.

    The name you typed replaces the previous text in the Name box.

  5. Click the OK button.

    The dialog box closes, and a new subfolder named Music appears in your Favorites folder.

  6. Choose Item-->Insert Separator.

    The word separator enclosed in brackets (<separator>) is inserted following the Music folder to separate it visually from everything else in your Favorites folder.

Now assume you've decided that it would be better to change your Music subfolder into a distinct folder on the same level as Favorites and that you want to do away with the separator altogether. You can quickly make the revisions like this:

  1. If the Music folder isn't still highlighted, click it to select it.

    The folder is highlighted.

  2. Press Ctrl+X to cut the folder.

    The folder is deleted from the window and moved to the Clipboard.

  3. Press Ctrl+Home to move to the top of the window.

    The main bookmarks folder is selected.

  4. Press Ctrl+V to paste.

    The Music folder reappears, but it's now at the same level as the Favorites folder.

  5. Click the separator to select it.

    The separator is highlighted.

  6. Press the Delete key.

    The separator is removed.

As you've seen throughout this lesson, you have a lot of freedom in choosing how to organize and reorganize your bookmarks. Play around with different options until you find an ordering scheme that works best for you.

If, despite your best organizational efforts, you occasionally have trouble locating a bookmark, choose Edit-->Find. This action opens a dialog box that lets you find a bookmark based on a word or phrase contained in its name or URL.

Recess

You've done a fabulous job of learning how to cruise the Web with bookmarks, so take some time to brag to your friends about the new skills you've mastered. When you're refreshed, forge ahead to the next lesson, which teaches you how to jump directly to any Web page.

Lesson 2-3: Entering URLs

Cruising the Web by using links and bookmarks is fast and fun, but it takes you only so far. For example, if a friend tells you the addresses of some hot new Web pages or if a favorite magazine prints a list of great Web sites that you'd probably enjoy, how can you get to the Web pages unless you happen to have access to links or bookmarks that point to them? To take advantage of such recommendations, you need to know how to jump directly to a Web page by entering its URL (which, as we explained in Unit 1, is an electronic address that tells browsers like Netscape precisely where on the Internet a particular Web page is located). By typing a page's URL, you can move straight to the page without passing Go!

Fortunately, typing a URL isn't very hard. To begin, click anywhere inside Netscape's Location box, which is directly below the Home button (see Figure 2-4). Your click highlights the text in the box, which is typically the URL of your current Web page. Go ahead and type the URL of the new Web page that you want; the first letter you type automatically replaces the entire old URL. Finally, press Enter to activate your new URL. If you typed the URL correctly, Netscape jumps to the Web page you want.

The only tricky part is that URLs are about as easy to remember and type correctly as social security numbers. You must remember to type a URL carefully. If you get even one number, letter, or punctuation mark wrong, the URL won't work, and you end up with an error message instead of a new Web page.

Note: Whether you type the characters in a URL in lowercase or uppercase usually doesn't matter, but using the capitalization that you're provided is the safest way to go.

On the upside, though, you seldom need to type a particular URL more than once. After the URL takes you to the Web page that it's associated with, you can press Ctrl+D to create a bookmark for the page and then simply click your bookmark in the future to return to the page.

Typing a URL in the Location box

Maybe we're a tad biased, but the first URL we want you to type goes to our Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator home page, whose URL is http://net.dummies.com/netscape101.

Tip: The first part of our Dummies 101 Web page URL, http://, is the prefix for all Web page URLs, so you can skip typing it; when you press Enter, Netscape fills in the http:// prefix for you automatically.

  1. Run Netscape and connect to the Internet.

    Your Netscape browser window should be maximized and displaying a Web page.

  2. Click anywhere inside the Location box (that is, the box directly below the Home button).

    The text inside the box -- which is the URL of your current page -- is highlighted by your click.

  3. Type the letter n .

    The first letter you type (n) immediately replaces the highlighted text.

  4. Type et and a period.

    The box contains net., which is the beginning of the Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator URL (following the standard http:// prefix, which you don't have to type). A URL can begin with anything, although many start with www, which, of course, stands for World Wide Web.

  5. Type dummies and a period.

    The box contains net.dummies. The word dummies provides the first clue that the page may be devoted to an IDG Books book (or to the musical group Crash Test Dummies).

  6. Type com and a forward slash -- that is, the / on the ? key.

    Note: Be sure to not confuse / with the backslash ( \ ), which you use to specify file locations on your hard disk.

    The box contains net.dummies.com/. The com text is a three-letter code that tells you the page is published by a commercial organization. (A list of other three-letter codes used in URLs appears in "The wacky world of URLs" sidebar in Lesson 1-2.) You've now typed enough to specify the Internet For Dummies Central home page, which provides information about various . . .For Dummies books and their authors. This is a perfectly nice page, and you should be sure to visit it later; but at the moment you want a different page, so you have one more piece of text to type.

  7. Type netscape101.

    The box contains net.dummies.com/netscape101. The netscape101 text tells Netscape that you want the Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator home page, so you've completed typing the URL.

  8. Press Enter.

    You are on this book's home page, which looks similar to Figure 2-5. If you examine the Location box, you see that Netscape has automatically filled in the prefix and added a final slash so that the URL now reads http://net.dummies.com/netscape101/.

    If you didn't connect properly, double-check your URL to make sure that you typed it correctly. If you did type the URL exactly as you see it in the book and you still don't reach the page, technical problems with the Dummies site may be blocking your progress -- for example, the page may be too busy at the moment to accept your connection request -- so just try again a little later until you access the page.

  9. Press Ctrl+D to create a bookmark for the page.

    You can't see it right now, but a bookmark pointing to the Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator page is added to the bottom of your bookmarks list.

  10. Choose the Bookmarks menu to verify that your bookmark has been created.

    The new bookmark appears at the bottom of the menu. If you've already created too many bookmarks to fit on the menu, choose Go To Bookmarks and press Ctrl+End to see the new bookmark. After you're done, press Ctrl+W to close the Bookmarks window.

Congratulations! You successfully typed a URL! You can now take advantage of any recommendation you receive about the latest and greatest Web pages.

Now that you're on the Dummies 101: Netscape Navigator home page, take a few moments to look it over. We use it quite a bit in subsequent exercises, so you may want to take some time to get to know it.
(This chapter has been abridged.)

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