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Concrete and other cement-based composites are by far the most widely used man-made construction materials in the world. However major problems of infrastructure deterioration have been caused by unanticipated premature degradation of these materials. Durability of Concrete and Cement Composites provides an up-to-date analysis of several of the main forms of degradation, examining what is known about their causes and control. The book begins with a review of the physical and chemical characteristics of cement-based materials then moves on to discuss specific forms of degradation. It also examines trends in modelling and prediction of service-lives.
INTRODUCTION, C.L. Page and M.M. Page
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CEMENT COMPOSITIONS, S. Diamond Introduction Variations Among Concretes and 'Archetypical Concrete'
The Genesis and Chemistry of Pore Solutions in Archetypical Concrete The Question of Gel Pores Assessments of Pore Size Distributions Spatial Distribution of Pores in Concretes: The ITZ Spatial Distribution of Pores in Concretes: Local Porous Patches Measurement of Permeation Capacity-Related Parameters in Archetypical Concretes Future Trends Sources of Further Information and Advice Acknowledgements
DIMENSIONAL STABILITY AND CRACKING PROCESSES IN CONCRETE, J.J. Brooks Introduction Dimensional Stability Cracking Processes Conclusions References
CHEMICAL DEGRADATION OF CONCRETE, J. Bensted, A.R. Brough, and M.M Page Introduction External Sulphate Attack Involving Expansive Ettrigite Formation Thaumasite Form of Sulfate Attack Internal Sulfate Attack and Delayed Ettringite Formation Conclusions on Sulfate Attack Degradation Effects of Water, Acids, and Other Aggressive Chemicals Conclusions References
CORROSION AND PROTECTION OF REINFORCED STEEL IN CONCRETE, C.L. Page Introduction Corrosion Principles The Role of Concrete Cover Carbonation and Its Effects Effects of Chloride Contamination Chloride Penetration Supplementary Corrosion Avoidance and Protection Measures Assessment and Monitoring of Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Remedial Treatment of Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Sources of Further Information and Advice References
DEGRADATION OF PRE-STRESSED CONCRETE, U. Nurnberger, G. Sawade, and B. Isecke Introduction Forms of Pre-Stressed Concrete Constructions Types and Metallurgical Characteristics of Pre-Stressing Steel Mechanisms of Corrosion Assisted Brittle Fracture Case Histories of Structural Collapses Corrosion of Pre-Stressing Steel Monitoring Techniques for Pre-Stressed Concrete Constructions Conclusions References
CONCRETE AGGREGATES AND THE DURABILITY OF CONCRETE, M.D.A. Thomas and K.L. Folliard Introduction General Requirements of Aggregates for Use in Concrete Frost Resistance of Aggregates Harmful Constituents and Impurities in Aggregates Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (ASR)
Management of ASR-Affected Structures Conclusions References
DEGRADATION OF CONCRETE IN COLD WEATHER CONDITIONS, M. Richardson Introduction Freezing Processes in Porous Material Freeze-Thaw in Concrete - Factors of Influence Deicing Agents Air Entrainment Test Methods Specification and Production of Durable Concrete in Freeze-Thaw Environments Future Trends Sources of Future Information and Advice References
DEGRADATION OF FIBRE-REINFORCED CEMENT COMPOSITES, P. Purnell Introduction Time-Dependent Behavior Future Trends Conclusions Sources of Further Information and Advice Acknowledgements References
DEGRADATION OF POLYMER-CEMENT COMPOSITES, N.R. Short Introduction Polymer-Modified Cement, Mortar, and Concrete Reactive Polymer Matrix Composites Polymer Impregnated Concrete Characteristics of Paints and Polymeric Surface Treatments for Concrete Interfacial Characteristics Future Trends Sources of Further Information and Advice References