2001: A Space OdysseyDirector: Stanley Kubrick
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A mind-bending sci-fi symphony, Stanley Kubrick's landmark 1968 epic pushed the limits of narrative and special effects toward a meditation on technology and humanity. Based on Arthur C. Clarke's story The Sentinel, Kubrick and Clarke's screenplay is structured in four movements. At the "Dawn of Man," a group of hominids encounters a mysterious black monolith alien to their surroundings. To the strains of Strauss's 1896 "Also sprach Zarathustra," a hominid invents the first weapon, using a bone to kill prey. As the hominid tosses the bone in the air, Kubrick cuts to a 21st century spacecraft hovering over the Earth, skipping ahead millions of years in technological development. U.S. scientist Dr. Heywood Floyd (William Sylvester) travels to the moon to check out the discovery of a strange object on the moon's surface: a black monolith. As the sun's rays strike the stone, however, it emits a piercing, deafening sound that fills the investigators' headphones and stops them in their path. Cutting ahead 18 months, impassive astronauts David Bowman (Keir Dullea) and Frank Poole (Gary Lockwood) head toward Jupiter on the spaceship Discovery, their only company three hibernating astronauts and the vocal, man-made HAL 9000 computer running the entire ship. When the all-too-human HAL malfunctions, however, he tries to murder the astronauts to cover his error, forcing Bowman to defend himself the only way he can. Free of HAL, and finally informed of the voyage's purpose by a recording from Floyd, Bowman journeys to "Jupiter and Beyond the Infinite," through the psychedelic slit-scan star-gate to an 18th century room, and the completion of the monolith's evolutionary mission. With assistance from special-effects expert Douglas Trumbull, Kubrick spent over two years meticulously creating the most "realistic" depictions of outer space ever seen, greatly advancing cinematic technology for a story expressing grave doubts about technology itself. Despite some initial critical reservations that it was too long and too dull, 2001 became one of the most popular films of 1968, underlining the generation gap between young moviegoers who wanted to see something new and challenging and oldsters who "didn't get it." Provocatively billed as "the ultimate trip," 2001 quickly caught on with a counterculture youth audience open to a contemplative (i.e. chemically enhanced) viewing experience of a film suggesting that the way to enlightenment was to free one's mind of the U.S. military-industrial-technological complex.
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- Original Release:
- Warner Home Video
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- [Full Frame, Wide Screen]
- [Dolby AC-3 Surround Sound]
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Cast & Crew
|William Sylvester||Dr. Heywood Floyd|
|Daniel Richter||Moonwatcher, the Man-Ape|
|Douglas Rain||HAL 9000|
|Vivian Kubrick||Floyd's Daughter|
|Frank Miller||Mission Controller|
|Ed Bishop||Lunar shuttle captain|
|Alan Gifford||Poole's Father|
|Stanley Kubrick||Director,Producer,Screenwriter,Special Effects|
|Hardy Amies||Costumes/Costume Designer|
|Ernest Archer||Production Designer|
|Arthur C. Clarke||Screenwriter|
|Derek Cracknell||Asst. Director|
|John Hoesli||Art Director|
|Tom Howard||Special Effects|
|Harry Lange||Production Designer|
|Bryan Loftus||Special Effects|
|Bruce Logan||Special Effects|
|Tony Masters||Production Designer|
|Alex North||Score Composer|
|David D. Osborn||Special Effects|
|Douglas Trumbull||Special Effects|
|Wally Veevers||Special Effects|
1. Overture [2:55]
2. Main Title [1:40]
3. The Dawn of Man [7:01]
4. Apparition and Revelation [5:17]
5. The Fittest [2:54]
6. To the Moon [5:35]
7. Voice Print Identification [2:08]
8. Squirt [1:51]
9. Great Big Mystery [4:16]
10. 10 off to Clavius [7:21]
11. Purpose of the Visit [4:28]
12. Deliberately Buried [5:16]
13. The Monolith [3:47]
14. Jupiter Mission [3:51]
15. The World Tonight [5:22]
16. Frank's Parents [2:09]
17. Sketches and Suspicions [6:05]
18. Removing the AE35 [6:40]
19. Human Error? [:17]
20. Bad Feeling [3:52]
21. Intermission [4:00]
22. Entr'Acte [:48]
23. Cut Adrift [2:16]
24. Rescue Mission [2:43]
25. Terminated [5:44]
26. Open the Pod Bay Doors [2:11]
27. Emergency Airlock [4:48]
28. My Mind Is Going [4:05]
29. Prerecorded Briefing [5:37]
30. Jupiter... [1:46]
31. ... And Beyond the Infinite [4:21]
32. Future Selves [10:04]
33. Star Child [6:23]
34. End Credits and Exit Music [2:35]
Commentary by Keir Dullea and Gary Lockwood
Spoken Languages: English 5.1
Spoken Languages: Français 5.1
Subtitles: English (for the Hearing Impaired)
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As many, I saw this mind-blowing masterpiece my first time as a pre-teen on the big screen in the early 1970's and was equally amazed and puzzled by this movie. It takes all the time that it needs and is one of the few, if not the only sci-fi movie that accurately adheres to the laws of physics in space (well, except for monoliths and other super-natural events). Considering that when it was made, Apollo 8 yet had to even circle around the moon, quite an accomplishment by Arthur Clarke and Stan Kubrick. The DVD is technically well done for a film of this age and comes almost in the original 2.20:1 Super-Panavision format, but no extras with the stand-alone DVD. The story of the evolution of mankind (guided creation, pure coincidence, or something inbetween?) up to the super-computer that turns against his/its creators (can a machine become a conscious being?) is still as current today as it was some 40 years ago. The meaning of the monolith and especially the last 30min of the movie has always been a mystery waiting to be explained. Thus, I ended up buying the novel recently, which really helped a lot in figuring out what's going on. There is a good chance that you were slightly on the wrong track with your previous interpretation... So, what would be the best strategy? Possibly, first watch the film a couple of times to just inhale this great collage of images and sound, then read the novel, finally watch the movie again and actually get the idea. Or maybe not - movie and book differ in quite a few details - thus, who knows?
The subtexts and commentary here are insane, not for the explosions and car chase crowd! Combine two uber geniuses in their field, Kubrick and Clark, and you get an outstanding thought provoking experience. Long before space travel was a reality Clark was writing the details of the problems involved. Kubrick brings a comic and stunning visual to the ideas Clark presented. A two hour movie is way too short to display all the details contained in the Clark book, but Kubrick displays the main ideas here completely, requires repeated viewings to grasp each. Must viewing for true fans of Sci Fi and anyone interested in anthropolgy.
Simply the best science-fiction movie ever made. Even 41 years later, the special effects are seamless. The story is thought provoking, and the slow, deliberate pacing gives you time to take it all in. One note regarding this remastered version released in 2007; the sound quality is poor. My previous copy (part of The Stanley Kubrick Collection) has a much better sound profile.
I am not the first and certainly not the last to claim Kuberick's "2001" as a masterpiece. "2001" has grown in my personal experience: from a mysterious sci-fi fantasy during my adolescence to an intriguing, though-provoking philosophical blockbuster in my adulthood. As many know, the film has the distinction of being based on a novel as the novel is based on the film. I recommend reading the novel and watching the film, not because there are any significant differences but because the novel provides just a little bit more of background information (perhaps 2-3 paragraphs) that provides a slight bit of thoroughness I thought the film lacked. Then again, I do like HAL's malfunction better in the novel. I guess you can't call it a masterpiece if something is lacking, but in this case, it is irrelevant. The film is a masterpiece in the sense of what it portrays, the boundaries of filmmaking it exceeds, and it's uniqueness. The novel to the movie is what celery salt is to a Bloody Mary---just a bit more that makes it better.
Everything about this movie is built on ideas. Not plot. English teachers will tell you that in a work of fiction, if every sentence doesn't advance the plot, it is pointless. That is not true in MANY cases, and certainly not in the case of this film. Experiencing this movie does not take two and a half hours, it takes days, maybe even weeks to gain your own understanding of it. Stanley Kubrick built a visual odyssey that doesn't give answers but asks them. Not many movies can do that. I urge anyone who hasn't seen this to get the dvd/blu-ray. Everyone should at least see it once.
This movie is spectacular on regular DVD, but it just so much better on bluray, especially the shots of space. Mind blowing and awe inspiring 2001 is amazing. I haven't explored all the special features yet, but there is a good amount of them which is nice. The only minor complaint I have is that all the special features are available on the menu after the movie is finished, having never come across that before I was surprised to put it mildly. That not withstanding, 2001 is one of the best movies ever made and a must have DVD for those with a bluray player.
Kubrick outdid himself with this Masterpiece! He and his fellow collaborators on this project have made the only movie in history that looks like it was actually filmed IN SPACE. American Astronauts and Russian Cosmonauts who have seen this movie have all praised the vision and technical accuracy that Kubrick, Clarke, Trumbull, Ordway and the other brilliant technicians and technical experts had put into this film. Even engineers from McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co. stated that the spacecraft depicted in the film could actually be built with today's technology. Nothing before or since has equalled or surpassed 2001 and nothing ever will. Only reality could do better, but the big stumbling block there is people. 2001: A Space Odyssey--the kind of future we should have had, but still can if we try to.
What can I say? This movie is probally the most innovative and original movie ever made. The story (crafted by Arthur C. Clarke and Stanly Kubrick) is one of the best tales of man-against-machine ever dared to be dreamed. This movie bucks the trends of the day and strives for two things: realism and story. I like what is said about the feel of the characters in this movie: ''robotic humans'' and ''human machines''. The erronous computer HAL 9000 is far more human than the rest of the crew and provides us with a clear delemma: How did crew member Dave Bowman degrade to a machine and HAL ''evolve'' into a human? The movie ends with the most brilliant and talked about scene in ''serious'' science-fiction movies: ''the star child'' and his governings over earth. For those of you who ''don't get it'', the novel of the same name is where you really learn exactly what is happening. I recommend that you read the novel, then watch the movie. Makes perfect sense after that.
Far and away the most intellectual and enjoyable sci-fi movie I have ever seen. For a long time science fiction seemed very superfluous to me in comparison to real life, but this movie is no slapstick affair; 2001 is a wonderfully poetic journey through not only the cosmos but the human mind. The discovery of the tool at the dawn of man leads humanity to the promised land of space, but it turns out that the cosmos is too great a leap for humanity and his toolmaking, because he creates something that outlasts his own potential: the HAL 9000 computer. Dave Bowman, commander of a mission headed to Jupiter, is ultimately condemned for death outside his ship, and at Hal's expense, until the story takes a last provocative turn. This movie is a masterpiece because it does not explain the story to us; Kubrick only suggests the film's meaning. And that means if you get five people to watch this movie, you could get five different opinions as to the meaning. In short, to think that Stanley Kubrick had the talent to make this happen speaks volumes.
Have seen this mindbender over 100 times since 1970-still the best intellectual film ever.Try Len Wheat,s book ''Kubrick,s 2001-A Triple Allegory'' to see Who HAL symbolises,and why man has to ''kill'' Him before taking the next step in evolution.
This was the first Stanley Kubrick film I'd seen and it still blows my mind just thinking about it. Kubrick takes what sounds like a pulp fiction plot on paper (Evil computer, space travel, etc.) and makes it into a thoroughly amazing film. Be forewarned,though:You will not understand 90% of this film. It jumps the guardrail of focused, tight narrative to become a symphony of sight and sound. It still comes of as uncoventional today, even after technological advances in moviemaking. It's also home to two of the most constantly played themes in movie history, as well as some eerily disturbing sequences, the ending in particular. But Kubrick's too good of a director to just throw paint on a canvas of celluloid. Though it seems insanely random, Kubrick's message is still as timely as ever: someday what man creates may decide to uncreate him. A movie masterpiece.
I am only 13, yet I found this movie to be incredibly wonderful, and though it was not fast paced (at all), it was still very exciting in a visual sense. I have seen 4 Kubrick films (Dr. Strangelove, Full Metal Jacket, The Shining, and 2001), and I found this to be the second best (next to Strangelove). Don't think that means that this is not a good movie though. It is definately in my top ten favorite movie list (it is #8). Kubrick is a definate artist. He is a visual and cinematic genious. He is one of my favorite directors (next to Tarantino and Scorsese). This films message of mankind, space, time, machinery, wonder, and amazment is incredible. I know there are many who don't understand the ending at all. I'm not possitive that even I do. But if it was meant to be understood, it would have come right out and explained itself. It is meant for the veiwer to decide on its meaning, so that it keeps you guessing. A wonderful breakthrought of '60s cinema!
To be honest, I always thought this movie was terrible. I thought it was overrated, too slow, and just the most boring thing in the world. That is, until I finally watched it all the way through from start to finish and then watched it AGAIN a second time in the same sitting. WOW. The thing that amazed me the most about this movie were the special effects. Yes, they're a little dated and from the '60s, but they still look amazing and more believable than other sci-fi films where every shot is plastered with CGI. Kubrick took these special effects one step further by doing absolutely crazy things with the camera. I love the jump scene at the beginning, and the satellite ballet is amazing. But my favorite scene in the film is when Floyd is sleeping on the shuttle and his pen is floating in the middle of the cabin. This scene is absolutely mind-boggling! I watched it four times trying to figure out how Kubrick made the pen float and I was unable to. If it wasn't for the special features, I'd still be pulling my hair out trying to solve it! My absolute favorite thing about this movie (aside from the special effects) is that you start glazing over when you watch it. About halfway through, you slip into a trance and just get lost in the atmosphere of the film. Then the movie ends and you're left entranced for the rest of the day. It sounds corny and stupid, but I've seen this film close to twenty times and every time that's happened to me. One of the greatest rides to be experienced in life.
2001: Space Odyssey has done an amazing job of showing the pros and cons of our technical progress as humans. The AI during the movie is shown in a few different lights. At first, it helps the people with everything they need, however, as the movie goes on, the AI becomes self-aware, which leads to the question: Should AI's exist? Everything the AI does has a purpose and is specifically done to do a task. In the end, the humans have to kill the AI, making it obvious that, there will be a point where technology will start to do us more harm than good. Watching this movie today leads us to ask: Are we at that point yet?
2001 a Space Odyssey is an incredible film. Kubrick's discussion of the possibilities of Artificial Intelligence made the public aware of the possibilities of machines in the future. the plot centers around the travels of a group of space explorers, accompanied by their AI pilot, HAL 9000. As the film progress, HAL becomes to go rouge, developing emotions, and starts killing off members of the crew. Without spoiling too much, as the situations worsens, Hal becomes more unstable, developing more emotions, and the crew must try to shut him down. The discussion that Kubrick introduces through the movie has a profound effect. Modern technology was just starting to come into major development, and the idea of AI was a ridiculous notion. Nowadays, the idea of a sentient machine is not that far fetched, and a program like Hal could very soon become a reality. To accompany this, Kubrick's directing skills and Cinematography are once again brilliant, creating some truly dynamic scenes. This movie is a masterpiece in every sense of the world, and is a must see for everyone, especially those interested in the idea of artificial intelligence and the consequences it could have on our future.
The computer HAL has a very secret agenda!
*Spoiler Alert* This was a great and very entertaining movie. Though the movie starts off very strangely, after getting through the first 45 minutes it starts to pick up some pace and you start to get into the movie. The idea itself is very cool and very entertaining. It is quite ironic that we live in a world where artificial intelligence is a real possibility, and in the movie we see how HAL is able to take control of the ship and even kill one of the pilots. The movie shows how powerful artificial intelligence can be hen put into the right conditions, yet the idea that artificial intelligence would want to hurt humans seems completely crazy when looked into the perspective of how we use artificial intelligence today. Another technology that was used in the film was the videophone call that Dr. Floyd made to his daughter. I'm sure in 1968 when the movie was made a videophone call seemed like it was decades away from being invented, and it was. In today's world, FaceTime and Skype make the futuristic ideas of the past a real part of the present. This comes to show how much of science-fiction shapes our ideas of inventions to come in the future. In most science fiction movies the future is always a wonderful place filled with dozens of new opportunities. I believe that we view the future as such a wonderful place because we always imagine that we will have solved all of the world's problems that we have today, but we never bother to think of the problems that we will have in the future. This is one of the reasons why I like the movie so much. Stanley Kubrick had to idea to show that the future is not always as perfect as we imagine it to be. Although the problem of artificial intelligence turning against mankind has not come along yet, he was pretty accurate with some of the other technological advancements in the future. Considering that the movie was made in 1968, before Apollo 11 arrived on the move Kubrick even predicted that we would have a giant space station orbiting the earth and a station on the moon. He was right about the space station, yet within it people were able to walk as if there was gravity, yet even today, fourteen years after the events of the movie were supposed to take place, we have not been able to create artificial gravity. The ideas and inventions that Kubrick was able to integrate into the movie make for a very interesting movie and plot, but one is also able to look back and see how humans were able copy and actually invent some of the ideas from the movie and see how we are still working on some of the inventions that people fifty years ago predicted we would have in forty years.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a 1960s sci fi film that explores how the "future" (at the time) will be. The story focuses on the evolution of technology and throughout the film focuses how technology will change in adapt with time. Specifically, themes in the movie relate to technology and artificial intelligence and how humans can evolve with this technology. For the time period it was filmed, the movie is well produced and impressive! I personally enjoyed it but felt it could be static/uneventful at parts. Overall really good film though.
This movie was, while confusing, very good. With this review, I would like to focus on the technology used in "2001" rather than focusing on the film itself. To be more specific, I am going to focus on HAL 9000 and how close a robot can get to being human. HAL 9000 is a computer which is worked into the systems of a space ship on a trip to jupiter, and viewed as one of the crew members . In this movie, computers are progressing to become more and more human like that HAL is even considered a “friend” of the two crew members who are awake on this ship. I should also mention that the other crew members are in a form of hyper sleep and therefore do not know HAL. HAL is seen engaging in friendly activities with these crew members such as playing chess and chatting with them. A major question dressed in this film though is if HAL truly has emotions, and if it is possible for a computer to even have emotions. While a reporter thinks that HAL is bragging about never being wrong, it is never confirmed that this is the case. We do not see the human side of this robot until one of the greatest scenes in film history in which dave, of the crew members, works on deactivating HAL, and HAL says, “ I’m scared Dave”. This seems to show that HAL is not only a crew member, but can even be considered as close to human as artificial intelligence can be. But is this the case? While HAL can talk to humans, develop a personality, and have emotions, there is one thing he can not do which is lie. HAL is the only thing on this ship that knows the purpose of this mission, and is programmed by scientists on earth to lie and claim that he has not clue why they are heading to jupiter. In the end, it is HAL’s inability to lie that causes his own demise. HAL becomes so paranoid in failing to keep this lie and even being able to lie that he realizes the only way to succeed is to kill those he is lying to. HAL kills every crew member but fails to do so with Dave, which is why dave deactivated him. "2001: A Space Odyssey” explores the question of how close artificial intelligences can get to being human and if it ever can be human. We see HAL expressing emotions, which are what truly make up most of our humanity. The one thing HAL cannot do is fail, and this is a thing that most humans except. Because of this, HAL has the inability to lie without going insane. In the end, HAL is close to human, but his inability to fail is what stops him from truly being human.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a thrilling sci-fi that is a must see for anyone who loves sci-fi. The movie follows a group of humans who journey into space and encounter the black monoliths. The story, as made clear in the title, occurs in 2001 and first details scientists who are investigating a monolith on the moon in order to glean some information on its purpose. There are also two astronauts on a trip to Jupiter on board a spaceship with a sentient computer called HAL 9000, usually referred to simply as HAL. Eventually, HAL seems to be malfunctioning, and the scientists decide they might shut him down; however, HAL uncovers their plan and goes to lengths to prevent them from turning him off. Stanley Kubrick, the director, does a wonderful job with this movie. Although to many watchers this movie can be difficult and confusing to follow, the enjoyment is in keeping up and acknowledging the beautiful complexity of the story. I think that this is a movie everybody needs to see. It raises interesting questions about technology and its future. Of course, the story’s prediction of when a computer like HAL will come around is off, but I think that a HAL-like computer is in our future. HAL talks like a human and even, towards the end of the movie, has human-like emotions of fear. Will technology advance to the point that computers are able to perform functions outside of their programming? If so, will they turn on us in an attempt to protect themselves as they do in this movie? And that is what makes this movie so interesting. It makes you think because it makes a very relevant commentary on the new technology that is constantly being invented today.
I really enjoyed this movie, but I'm going to focus on HAL 9000 for the rest of this technological review. HAl stands for Heuristically programmed ALgorithmic computer, and it is an example of sentient artificial intelligence. It interacts with the spaceship crew like a person and helps control the ship's systems, and interestingly, it is voiced by a human being. HAL is capable of speech and speech recognition, facial recognition, natural language processing, lip reading, art appreciation, interpreting emotional behaviors, and playing chess, among other things. HAL was built in a plant but was considered an equal member of the crew throughout the movie. However, the AI turns out to be evil as HAL begins to malfunction and is eventually shut down. In the film, two astronauts consider disconnecting HAL's circuits when he fails to report a flaw in the spaceship. However, when they try to discuss this secretly, they are unaware that HAL can read their lips. HAL doesn't want to be disconnected, so it decides to kill the astronauts and conceal its malfunction. HAL is then eventually shut down, but not until after he kills some of the astronauts. HAL is one of the first examples of artificial intelligence in an era when this kind of technology was finally becoming a reality, and it expresses many of the fears that people had at the time about AI turning against its creators. It makes the movie very disturbing and interesting because the viewer feels that this could potentially happen to him or her.