|John Duffy||Score Composer|
|John G. Fox||Screenwriter|
|Arnold Labaton||Executive Producer|
|Marc Siegel||Executive Producer,Screenwriter|
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Part three of this splendid documentary traces the fortunes of the Jews under Roman rule in many lands between 1 A.D. and 899 A.D. After a charismatic Jew named Jesus lights the fire of a new religion in the first century, his Jewish disciples preach his teachings throughout the Mediterranean world. Rivalries between the old Jews of Moses and the new Jews of Jesus, called Nazarenes, eventually develop and rend Judaism into factions. One is called Christianity. Meanwhile, uprisings by Jews against Rome fail while Christians suffer persecution and death in the Roman arena. After Emperor Constantine's epiphanic vision of a cross in the sky, he replaces the polytheism of his pagan forebears with the monotheism of the Christians, and a universal church, Catholicism, emerges. In Part four (900-1499 A.D.), Jews flourish in Spain under another religion, Islam, and help further human knowledge while preserving the classics of antiquity. Christian Europe then drives the Muslims out of Spain, and displaced Jews use their talents as merchants and moneylenders to thrive in other European lands. Some Christians, envious of Jewish prosperity and fearful of losing souls to Judaism, blame Jews for spreading deadly plague. Pogroms develop, and the Jews flee to eastern lands. ~ Mike Cummings, All Movie GuidePart 5 of this documentary chronicles the history of the Jews from 1492 to 1789. After Columbus sails to the New World under Spain's sponsorship, the Jews of Spain scatter to the far reaches of the Old World because Spain declares them anathema and orders them expelled. Their remarkable resilience enables them to readjust and maintain their culture and religion in their new homes. During the Renaissance, they help fire the engine of learning while furthering their own interests through commerce and the newly invented printing press. The great rift in Christianity during the Protestant Revolt sours Christians against nonconformist religions, including Judaism. Again, the Jews suffer. In Part 6 (1789-1914) viewers learn that Jews make a comeback after the French Revolution proclaims freedom for everyone. Jews become citizens of France and gain new respect in lands occupied by Napoleon. After the Industrial Revolution arrives, Jews thrive as merchants and bankers in all of Europe except Russia. Eventually, some Jews migrate to America. When the 20th Century arrives, the antisemitism that has haunted Jews through the ages foments renewed persecution. The Jews then begin embracing Zionism, the idea of creating a Jewish homeland.
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