Dynamic and Mobile GIS: Investigating Changes in Space and Time

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Overview

With the widespread use of PDAs, wireless internet, Internet-based GIS, and 3G and 4G telecommunications, the technology supporting mobile GIS is rapidly gaining popularity and effectiveness. Dynamic and Mobile GIS: Investigating Changes in Space and Time addresses Web GIS, mobile GIS, and the modeling, processing, and representation of dynamic events, as well as current demands to update GIS representations.

Providing a comprehensive overview of this emerging technology, this book highlights innovations, new ways of modeling both spatial objects and dynamic processes affecting them, and advances in visualization. Featuring contributions from established GIS workers, it begins with an introduction of extant technology and previews future developments. The book examines challenges to security and privacy and presents practical solutions to these problems while focusing on modeling approaches and exploring the need to display an appropriate level of information in a mobile environment. Concluding with a study of mobility, the book also contains practical examples of applications of mobile devices for disaster management and environmental monitoring.

Dynamic and Mobile GIS: Investigating Changes in Space and Time offers detailed cases of successful applications and identifies the current cutting-edge aspects of mobile and dynamic GIS. The book also looks to the future, investigating important research directions and potential challenges.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780849390920
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 7/30/2006
  • Series: Innovations in GIS Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 344
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

TECHNOLOGY FOR DYNAMIC AND MOBILE GIS
The Changing Technology of Space and Time
IntroductionRecent developments in computer systems
Recent developments in computer networks
Recent developments in computer software
Conclusion and future developments
Opportunities in Mobile GIS
IntroductionThe development of related technologies
The applications of mobile GIS
Market opportunities
Future research directions
Conclusion and future developments
Location Privacy and Location-Aware Computing
IntroductionBackground and definitions
Positioning systems and location privacy
Location privacy protection strategies
Conclusion and future developments
MODELLING APPROACHES AND DATA MODELS
Modelling Change in Space and Time: An Event-based Approach
IntroductionPrevious approaches to time and dynamic models in GIS
Categorizations of change
The event model
Sources of events
Event visualization and exploration
Conclusion and future developments
nen, a Process-oriented Data Model
IntroductionProcess theories and models
An alternative process data model
Watershed modelling application
Analysis of results
Validation of model and results
Conclusion and future developments
Comparing Map Calculus and Map Algebra in Dynamic GIS
IntroductionComparing map algebra and map calculus
Dynamic modelling in map algebra and map calculus
Conclusion and future developments
Constraints in Spatial Data Models, in a Dynamic Context
IntroductionConstraints in a landscape design VR system
Constraints in a cadastral application
Constraints in a topographic application
Constraints in a Web feature service
Classification of constraints
Specifying constraints
Implementation of constraints
Conclusion and future developments
DISPLAY AND VISUALIZATION
An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Non-Realistic 3D Graphics for City Maps on Small-Screen Devices
Introduction
Photorealism vs. non-photorealism
An NPR technique for mobile city models
Developing the prototypes
Testing and evaluating the prototype
Results from the evaluation
Discussion
Summary of findings
Conclusion and future developments
Generalization of Large-Scale Digital Geographic Datasets for MobileGIS Applications
IntroductionMobile GIS
Map generalization - Mobile GIS perspective
Schematic maps
Key generalization processes for schematic maps
Schematic map generation using simulated annealing
Experimental results
Conclusion and future developments
Map Matching for Vehicle Guidance
IntroductionBayesian classification of GPS data
Incorporation of position history and network topology
Examples in a complex urban environment
Conclusion and future developments
MOTION, TIME AND SPACE
Spatiotemporal Accuracy in Mobile Phone Location: Assessing the New Cellular Geography
IntroductionMeasuring the mobile society
A review of mobile phone location
Methodology for assessing spatiotemporal accuracy in mobile phone location
The results: real accuracy of the 'new cellular geography'
Conclusion and future developments
Mobile GIServices Applied to Disaster Management
IntroductionThe framework of disaster management
Mobile GIServices framework
Case-study: Taiwan advanced disaster management decision support system.
Conclusion and future developments
Citizens as Mobile Nodes of Environmental Collaborative Monitoring Networks
IntroductionEnvironmental monitoring networks and their spatial, temporal and social characteristics
Environmental collaborative monitoring networks
Mobile computing and communication opportunities for collaborative environmental monitoring
The application of mobile technologies to environmental collaborative monitoring networks
Examples of projects that explore ECMN building blocks
Conclusion and future developments
Analyzing Point Motion with Geographic Knowledge Discovery Techniques
IntroductionMotion analysis in geographical information science
Mining motion patterns - a geographic knowledge discovery approach
Case studies
Mining motion patterns - a promising approach to analyzing motion?
Conclusion and future developments
EPILOGUE
Current and Future Trends in Dynamic and Mobile GIS
Key findings, recent advances and opportunities

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