Early History of the Southwest through the Eyes of German-Speaking Jesuit Missionaries: A Transcultural Experience in the Eighteenth Century

Early History of the Southwest through the Eyes of German-Speaking Jesuit Missionaries: A Transcultural Experience in the Eighteenth Century

by Albrecht Classen
     
 

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This book provides unique and lively, authentic, and source-based insights into the history, culture, geography, fauna, flora, geology, climate, and politics of eighteenth-century Sonora/Arizona, drawing from the fascinating first-hand accounts written by German speaking Jesuit missionaries. Transcultural experiences of extraordinary kinds dominate those accounts

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Overview

This book provides unique and lively, authentic, and source-based insights into the history, culture, geography, fauna, flora, geology, climate, and politics of eighteenth-century Sonora/Arizona, drawing from the fascinating first-hand accounts written by German speaking Jesuit missionaries. Transcultural experiences of extraordinary kinds dominate those accounts which allow us to understand the difficult, problematic, sometimes hostile, but then also productive and fruitful contacts, interactions, and dealings between the European missionaries and the native population.

Editorial Reviews

Ronald G. Murphy
Who would have thought that the early history of Sonora and Arizona was so deeply influenced by the arrival and long-term presence of German-speaking Jesuit missionaries during the 18th century? Prof. Classen offers a highly engaging study of these brave and intelligent men who had dedicated their adult lives to missionary activities in that semi-arid desert and who wrote extensive reports and sometimes maintained a large correspondence (Segesser) with their families back home. On the basis of those documents (in German!) Prof. Classen gives us a most vivid picture of how these European missionaries confronted the New World, how they coped in the cacti-filled desert, and how they reached out to the native population. This book truly opens a new chapter in the history of the Southwest, demonstrating, from an unexpected perspective, the deep impact of German speakers on 18th-c. Sonora.
Marilyn L. Sandidge
This book deals with the history of Jesuit missionary activities in the Sonoran Desert region of Spain’s New World territory, an area that today lies partly in northern Mexico and partly in southern Arizona. These missionaries arrived there by the late seventeenth century and, under the leadership of Father Eusebio Kino, quickly established a large network of missions that soon became the foundation for all future settlements. Many of the subsequent missionaries originated from German-speaking lands and made great efforts to reflect upon their experiences and observations. They left behind excellent maps and highly detailed reports, some of which were even encyclopedic in scope. The history of these German Jesuits came to a sudden halt in 1767 when they were all ordered to leave the Americas, and in 1773 when the entire Jesuit order was banned globally—certainly a tragic development resulting from global tensions and mistrust of the Jesuit Order. The missionaries, if they survived the long journey back home, continued to write about the world they had left behind and provided their audiences with impressive accounts that shed important light on the world of northern Mexico and southern Arizona.
Markus Ries
The Jesuit missionaries in Arizona and Mexico in the early modern age created singular cultural bridges between Europe and America with their scientific and literary accomplishments. With ethnological and scientific studies and through their extensive work as architects, composers, and writers they laid the foundation for the Christianizing in the New World, and they contributed to the considerable expansion of knowledge about that continent back in their countries of origin. Their work was based on multifarious exchange and communication; nevertheless, after the Jesuits’ expulsion in 1767 the indigenous culture and their representatives were most severely suppressed in the 19th century. Albrecht Classen presents here through the careful analysis of a wide range of primary sources the cultural and historical background.
Western Historical Quarterly
[A]uthor Albrecht Classen provides a good encyclopedic compendium of these missionaries and their texts.
The Catholic Historical Review
Classen includes in this overview an interesting summary of Joseph Stoecklein’s Welt-Bolt, a collection of missionary reports from different Jesuit mission fields that were translated into German.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780739177846
Publisher:
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
12/16/2012
Pages:
228
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.40(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

What People are saying about this

Markus Ries
The Jesuit missionaries in Arizona and Mexico in the early modern age created singular cultural bridges between Europe and America with their scientific and literary accomplishments. With ethnological and scientific studies and through their extensive work as architects, composers, and writers they laid the foundation for the Christianizing in the New World, and they contributed to the considerable expansion of knowledge about that continent back in their countries of origin. Their work was based on multifarious exchange and communication; nevertheless, after the Jesuits’ expulsion in 1767 the indigenous culture and their representatives were most severely suppressed in the 19th century. Albrecht Classen presents here through the careful analysis of a wide range of primary sources the cultural and historical background.
Marilyn L. Sandidge
This book deals with the history of Jesuit missionary activities in the Sonoran Desert region of Spain’s New World territory, an area that today lies partly in northern Mexico and partly in southern Arizona. These missionaries arrived there by the late seventeenth century and, under the leadership of Father Eusebio Kino, quickly established a large network of missions that soon became the foundation for all future settlements. Many of the subsequent missionaries originated from German-speaking lands and made great efforts to reflect upon their experiences and observations. They left behind excellent maps and highly detailed reports, some of which were even encyclopedic in scope. The history of these German Jesuits came to a sudden halt in 1767 when they were all ordered to leave the Americas, and in 1773 when the entire Jesuit order was banned globally—certainly a tragic development resulting from global tensions and mistrust of the Jesuit Order. The missionaries, if they survived the long journey back home, continued to write about the world they had left behind and provided their audiences with impressive accounts that shed important light on the world of northern Mexico and southern Arizona.
Marilyn Sandidge
Private letters by a Swiss-German Jesuit missionary written from eighteenth-century Sonora to his family back home can be most fascinating sources for the cultural history of the Southwest. Dr. Classen's translation of Philipp Segesser's letters finally make available to modern English readers probably the most important personal correspondence by a missionary from that time available to us. Rendering Segesser's eighteenth-century Swiss German into a fluent modern-day English is a monumental task, drawing from the original handwritten documents in the Lucerne archive. This volume promises to be an intriguing read for anyone interested in the early history of Sonora/Arizona.
Ronald G. Murphy
Who would have thought that the early history of Sonora and Arizona was so deeply influenced by the arrival and long-term presence of German-speaking Jesuit missionaries during the 18th century? Prof. Classen offers a highly engaging study of these brave and intelligent men who had dedicated their adult lives to missionary activities in that semi-arid desert and who wrote extensive reports and sometimes maintained a large correspondence (Segesser) with their families back home. On the basis of those documents (in German!) Prof. Classen gives us a most vivid picture of how these European missionaries confronted the New World, how they coped in the cacti-filled desert, and how they reached out to the native population. This book truly opens a new chapter in the history of the Southwest, demonstrating, from an unexpected perspective, the deep impact of German speakers on 18th-c. Sonora.

Read More

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