Early Muslim Polemic against Christianity: Abu Isa al-Warraq's 'Against the Incarnation'

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David Thomas edits and translates Abu 'Isa al-Warraq Against the Incarnation, the second and last part of his Refutation of the Three Christian Denominations. The book contains an edition of the Arabic text alongside the English translation, together with explanatory notes. Dr. Thomas' comprehensive introduction outlines the pluralist and multifaith society of medieval Baghdad, placing Abu 'Isa in the context of both Muslim theological argument and Christian-Muslim discussions. Thus he succeeds in demonstrating the author's originality and his influence on later Muslim authors.

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Editorial Reviews

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"The work stands out as the single most detailed, informed and comprehensive work by a Muslim against Christian doctrines from the whole early period of Islam." Theology Digest
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Product Details

Meet the Author

David Thomas is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Theology and Religion, University of Birmingham. His publications include Anti-Christian Polemic in Early Islam: Abu 'Isa al-Warraq's 'Against the Trinity (1992), and Syrian Christians under Islam, the First Thousand Years (2000).

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Table of Contents

Introduction; 1. Christians and Muslims; 2. Abu 'Isa al-Warraq and the study of religions; 3. The doctrine of the Incarnation in the time of Abu 'Isa; 4. Abu 'Isa's refutation of the Incarnation; Al-Radd 'Ala Al-'Ittihad: Al-Juz' Al-Thani Min Kitab Al-Radd 'Ala Al-'Thalath Firaq Min Al-Nasara: The Refutation of the Uniting: The second part of the refutation of the three Christian sects; Concluding arguments against the three denominations.

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