THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES presents world history in a balanced, global framework, shifting the focus away from political centers of power. This truly global text for the world history survey course employs a fundamental theme--the interaction of human beings and the environment--to compare different times, places, and societies. Special emphasis is given to technology (in its broadest sense) and how technological development underlies all human activity. Highly acclaimed in their fields of study, the authors bring a wide array of expertise to the program. A combination of strong scholarship and detailed pedagogy gives the book its reputation for rigor and student accessibility. The Fifth Edition features new pedagogy and a beautiful new design.
Richard W. Bulliet (PhD, Harvard University) is Professor of Middle Eastern History at Columbia University. He has written scholarly works on a number of topics: the social and economic history of medieval Iran (THE PATRICIANS OF NISHAPUR and COTTON, CLIMATE, AND CAMELS IN EARLY ISLAMIC IRAN), the history of human-animal relations (THE CAMEL AND THE WHEEL and HUNTERS, HERDERS, AND HAMBURGERS), the process of conversion to Islam (CONVERSION TO ISLAM IN THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD), and the overall course of Islamic social history (ISLAM: THE VIEW FROM THE EDGE and THE CASE FOR ISLAMO-CHRISTIAN CIVILIZATION). He is the editor of the COLUMBIA HISTORY OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. He has published four novels, coedited THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE MODERN MIDDLE EAST, and hosted an educational television series on the Middle East. He was awarded a fellowship by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and was named a Carnegie Corporation Scholar.
Pamela Kyle Crossley received her Ph.D. in Modern Chinese History from Yale University. She is currently the Robert and Barbara Black Professor of History at Dartmouth College. Her books include THE WOBBLING PIVOT: AN INTERPRETIVE HISTORY OF CHINA SINCE 1800; WHAT IS GLOBAL HISTORY?; A TRANSLUCENT MIRROR: HISTORY AND IDENTITY IN QING IMPERIAL IDEOLOGY; THE MANCHUS; ORPHAN WARRIORS: THREE MANCHU GENERATIONS AND THE END OF THE QING WORLD; and (with Lynn Hollen Lees and John W. Servos) GLOBAL SOCIETY: THE WORLD SINCE 1900.
Daniel R. Headrick received his Ph.D. in History from Princeton University. Professor of History and Social Science, Emeritus, at Roosevelt University in Chicago, he is the author of several books on the history of technology, imperialism, and international relations, including THE TOOLS OF EMPIRE: TECHNOLOGY AND EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY; THE TENTACLES OF PROGRESS: TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM; THE INVISIBLE WEAPON: TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS; TECHNOLOGY: A WORLD HISTORY; POWER OVER PEOPLES: TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENTS AND WESTERN IMPERIALISM, 1400 TO THE PRESENT; and WHEN INFORMATION CAME OF AGE: TECHNOLOGIES OF KNOWLEDGE IN THE AGE OF REASON AND REVOLUTION, 1700-1850. His articles have appeared in the JOURNAL OF WORLD HISTORY and the JOURNAL OF MODERN HISTORY, and he has been awarded fellowships by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
Steven W. Hirsch holds a Ph.D. in Classics from Stanford University and is currently Associate Professor of Classics and History at Tufts University. He has received grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Massachusetts Foundation for Humanities and Public Policy. His research and publications include THE FRIENDSHIP OF THE BARBARIANS: XENOPHON AND THE PERSIAN EMPIRE, as well as articles and reviews in the CLASSICAL JOURNAL, the AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY, and the JOURNAL OF INTERDISCIPLINARY HISTORY. He is currently working on a comparative study of ancient Mediterranean and Chinese civilizations.
Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Lyman L. Johnson earned his Ph.D. in Latin American History from the University of Connecticut. A two-time Senior Fulbright-Hays Lecturer, he also has received fellowships from the Tinker Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the American Philosophical Society. His recent books include DEATH, DISMEMBERMENT, AND MEMORY; THE FACES OF HONOR (with Sonya Lipsett-Rivera); THE PROBLEM OF ORDER IN CHANGING SOCIETIES; ESSAYS ON THE PRICE HISTORY OF EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY LATIN AMERICA (with Enrique Tandeter); and COLONIAL LATIN AMERICA (with Mark A. Burkholder). He also has published in journals, including the HISPANIC AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, the JOURNAL OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES, the INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF SOCIAL HISTORY, SOCIAL HISTORY, and DESARROLLO ECONOMICO. He recently served as president of the Conference on Latin American History.
NOTE: Each chapter contains a conclusion, key terms, website resources, a suggested reading list, and notes. PART III: GROWTH AND INTERACTION OF CULTURAL COMMUNITIES, 300 B.C.E.-1200 C.E. 12. Peoples and Civilizations of the Americas, 200-1500. Classic-Era Culture and Society in Mesoamerica, 200-900. The Postclassic Period in Mesoamerica, 900-1500. Northern Peoples. Andean Civilizations, 200-1500. Diversity and Dominance: Burials as Historical Texts. Environment and Technology: Inca Roads. Issues in World History: Religious Conversion. PART IV: INTERREGIONAL PATTERNS OF CULTURE AND CONTACT, 1200-1550. 13. Mongol Eurasia and Its Aftermath, 1200-1500. The Rise of the Mongols, 1200-1260. The Mongols and Islam, 1260-1500. Regional Responses in Western Eurasia. Mongol Domination in China, 1271-1368. The Early Ming Empire, 1368-1500. Centralization and Militarism in East Asia, 1200-1500. Diversity and Dominance: Observations of Mongol Life. Environment and Technology: From Gunpowder to Guns. 14. Tropical Africa and Asia,1200-1500. Tropical Lands and Peoples. New Islamic Empires. Indian Ocean Trade. Social and Cultural Change. Diversity and Dominance: Personal Styles of Rule in India and Mali. Environment and Technology: The Indian Ocean Dhow. 15. The Latin West, 1200-1500. Rural Growth and Crisis. Urban Revival. Learning, Literature, and the Renaissance. Political and Military Transformations. Diversity and Dominance: Persecution and Protection of Jews, 1272-1349. Environment and Technology: The Clock. 16. The Maritime Revolution, to 1550. Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450. European Expansion, 1400-1550. Encounters with Europe, 1450-1550. Conclusion. Environment and Technology: Vasco da Gama's Fleet. Diversity and Dominance: Kongo's Christian King. Issues in World History: Climate and Population to 1500. PART V: THE GLOBE ENCOMPASSED, 1500-1750. 17. Transformations in Europe, 1500-1750. Culture and Ideas. Social and Economic Life. Political Innovations. Environment and Technology: Mapping the World. Diversity and Dominance: Political Craft and Craftiness. 18. The Diversity of American Colonial Societies, 1530-1770. The Columbian Exchange. Spanish America and Brazil. English and French Colonies in North America. Colonial Expansion and Conflict. Environment and Technology: A Silver Refinery at Potosi, Bolivia, 1700. Diversity and Dominance: Race and Ethnicity in the Spanish Colonies: Negotiating Hierarchy. 19. The Atlantic System and Africa, 1550-1800. Plantations in the West Indies. Plantation Life in the Eighteenth Century. Creating the Atlantic Economy. Africa, the Atlantic, and Islam. Environment and Technology: Amerindian Foods in Africa. Diversity and Dominance: Slavery in West Africa and the Americas. 20. Southwest Asia and the Indian Ocean, 1500-1750. The Ottoman Empire, to 1750. The Safavid Empire, 1502-1722. The Mughal Empire, 1526-1761. The Maritime Worlds of Islam, 1500-1750. Diversity and Dominance: Islamic Law and Ottoman Rule. Environment and Technology: Tobacco and Waterpipes. 21. Northern Eurasia, 1500-1800. Japanese Reunification. The Later Ming and Early Qing Empires. The Russian Empire. Environment and Technology: East Asian Porcelain. Diversity and Dominance: Gendered Violence: The Yangzhou Massacre. Issues in World History: The Little Ice Age. PART VI: REVOLUTIONS RESHAPE THE WORLD, 1750-1870. 22. Revolutionary Changes in the Atlantic World, 1750-1850 Prelude to Revolution: The Eighteenth-Century Crisis. The American Revolution, 1775-1800. The French Revolution, 1789-1815. Revolution Spreads, Conservatives Respond, 1789-1850. Environment and Technology: The Guillotine. Diversity and Dominance: Robespierre and Wollstonecraft Defend and Explain the Terror. 23. The Early Industrial Revolution, 1760-1851. Causes of the Industrial Revolution. The Technological Revolution. The Impact of the Early Industrial Revolution. New Economic and Political Ideas. Diversity and Dominance: Adam Smith and the Division of Labor. Environment and Technology: Gas Lighting. 24. Nation Building and Economic Transformation in the Americas, 1800-1890. Independence in Latin America, 1800-1830. The Problem of Order, 1825-1890. The Challenge of Social and Economic Change. Diversity and Dominance: The Afro-Brazilian Experience, 1828. Environment and Technology: Constructing the Port of Buenos Aires, Argentina. 25 Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism, 1800-1870. The Ottoman Empire. The Russian Empire. The Qing Empire. Environment and Technology: The Web of War. Diversity and Dominance: Chinese Responses to Imperialism. 26. Africa, India, and the New British Empire, 1750-1870. Changes and Exchanges in Africa. India Under British Rule. Britain's Eastern Empire. Diversity and Dominance: Ceremonials of Imperial Domination. Environment and Technology: Whaling. Issues in World History: State Power, the Census, and the Question of Identity.