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Two-thirds the length of the complete Fourth Edition, this Brief version of The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History retains its major themes and its truly global perspective on world history. This text focuses on the interaction of human beings and their environment, using this central theme to compare different times, places, and societies. Special emphasis is given to technology and how technological development underlies all human activity.Ideal for one-semester survey courses or courses using several primary sources, this text has been carefully abbreviated to maintain the essential narrative of world history. Key pedagogical elements have been retained and further emphasized.
Note: Each chapter concludes with a Summary, Key Terms, and Suggested Reading. I. The Emergence of Human Communities, to 500 B.C.E. 1. From the Origins of Agriculture to the First River-Valley Civilizations, 8000-1500 B.C.E. Before Civilization Mesopotamia Egypt The Indus Valley Civilization Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Violence and Order in the Babylonian New Year's Festival 2. New Civilizations in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, 2200-250 B.C.E. Early China, 2000-221 B.C.E. Nubia, 3100 B.C.E.-350 C.E. Celtic Europe, 1000-50 C.E. First Civilizations of the Americas: The Olmec and Chavin, 1200-250 B.C.E. Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Divination in Ancient Societies 3. The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000-500 B.C.E. The Cosmopolitan Middle East, 1700-1100 B.C.E. The Aegean World, 2000-1100 B.C.E. The Assyrian Empire, 911-612 B.C.E. Israel, 2000-500 B.C.E. Phoenicia and the Mediterranean, 1200-500 B.C.E. Failure and Transformation, 750-550 B.C.E. Environment and Technology: Protests Against the Ruling Class in Israel and Babylonia Issues in World History: Animal Domestication II. The Formation of New Cultural Communities, 1000 B.C.E.-600 C.E. 4. Greece and Iran, 1000-30 B.C.E./ India, 1500 B.C.E.-550 C.E. Ancient Iran The Rise of the Greeks The Struggle of Persia and Greece The Hellenistic Synthesis Foundations of Indian Civilization Indian Imperial Expansion and Collapse Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Wine and Beer in the Ancient World 5. An Age of Empires: Rome and Han China, 753 B.C.E.-330 C.E. Rome's Creation of a Mediterranean Empire, 753 B.C.E.-330 C.E. The Origins of Imperial China, 221 B.C.E.-220 C.E. Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: The Treatment of Slaves in Rome and China 6. Networks of Communication and Exchange, 300 B.C.E.-600 C.E. The Silk Road The Sasanid Empire, 224-600 The Indian Ocean Maritime System Routes Across the Sahara Sub-Saharan Africa The Spread of Ideas Environment and Technology: Camel Saddles Issues in World History: Oral Societies and the Consequences of Literacy III. Growth and Interaction of Cultural Communities, 600-1200 7. The Rise of Islam, 600-1200 The Origins of Islam The Rise and Fall of the Caliphate, 632-1258 Islamic Civilization Material Culture: Head Coverings Diversity and Dominance: Secretaries, Turks, and Beggars 8. Christian Europe Emerges, 600-1200 The Byzantine Empire, 600-1200 Early Medieval Europe, 600-1000 The Western Church Kievan Russia, 900-1200 Western Europe Revives, 1000-1200 The Crusades, 1095-1204 Environment and Technology: Iron Production 9. Central and Eastern Asia, 400-1200 The Sui and Tang Empires, 581-755 Rivals for Power in Inner Asia and China, 600-907 The Emergence of East Asia, to 1200 New Kingdoms in East Asia Diversity and Dominance: Law and Society in China and Japan 10. Peoples and Civilizations of the Americas, 200-1500 Classic-Era Culture and Society in Mesoamerica, 200-900 The Postclassic Period in Mesoamerica, 900-1500 Northern Peoples Andean Civilizations, 200-1500 Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Inca Roads IV. Interregional Patterns of Culture and Contact, 1200-1550 11. Mongol Eurasia and Its Aftermath, 1200-1500 The Rise of the Mongols, 1200-1260 The Mongols and Islam, 1260-1500 Regional Responses in Western Eurasia Mongol Domination in China, 1271-1368 The Early Ming Empire, 1368-1500 Centralization and Militarism in East Asia, 1200-1500 Diversity and Dominance: Observations of Mongol Life 12. Tropical Africa and Asia, 1200-1500 Tropical Lands and Peoples New Islamic Empires Indian Ocean Trade Social and Cultural Change Environment and Technology: The Indian Ocean Dhow 13. The Latin West, 1200-1500 Rural Growth and Crisis Urban Revival Learning, Literature, and the Renaissance Political and Military Transformations Diversity and Dominance: Persecution and Protection of Jews, 1272-1349 14. The Maritime Revolution, to 1550 Global Maritime Expansion Before Iberian Expansion, 1400-1550 Encounters with Europe, 1450-1550 Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Vasco da Gama's Fleet Issues in World History: Climate and Population, to 1500 V. The Globe Encompassed, 1500-1800 15. Transformations in Europe, 1500-1750 Culture and Ideas Social and Economic Life Political Innovations Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Political Craft and Craftiness 16. The Americas, The Atlantic, and Africa, 1530-1770 Spanish America and Brazil English and French Colonies in North America Plantations in the West Indies Creating the Atlantic Economy Colonial Expansion and Conflict Africa and the Atlantic The Columbian Exchange Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Race and Ethnicity in the Spanish Colonies: Negotiating Hierarchy 17. Southwest Asia and the Indian Ocean, 1500-1750 The Ottoman Empire The Safavid Empire The Mughal Empire The Maritime Worlds of Islam, 1500-1750 Environment and Technology: Tobacco and Waterpipes 18. Northern Eurasia, 1500-1800 Japanese Reunification The Later Ming and Early Qing Empires The Russian Empire Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Gendered Violence: The Yangzhou Massacre Issues in World History: The Little Ice Age VI. Revolutions Reshape the World, 1750-1870 19. Revolutionary Changes in the Atlantic World, 1750-1850 Prelude to Revolution: War and the Enlightenment The American Revolution The French Revolution Revolution in Haiti and Latin America Economic and Social Liberation Movements Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: The Guillotine 20. The Early Industrial Revolution, 1760-1851 Causes of the Industrial Revolution The Technological Revolution The Impact of the Industrial Revolution New Economic and Political Ideas The Limits of Industrialization Outside the West Environment and Technology: Gas Lighting 21. Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism, 1800-1870 The Ottoman Empire The Russian Empire The Qing Empire Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Chinese Responses to Imperialism Issues in World History: State Power, the Census, and the Question of Identity 22. Africa, India, and the New British Empire, 1750-1870 Changes and Exchanges in Africa India Under British Rule Britain's Eastern Empire Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Ceremonials of Imperial Dominance VII. Global Dominance and Diversity, 1850-1949 23. The New Power Balance, 1850-1900 New Technologies and the World Economy Social Changes Socialism and Labor Movements Nationalism and the Rise of Italy, Germany, and Japan The Great Powers of Europe, 1871-1900 China, Japan, and the Western Powers Environment and Technology: Railroads and Immigration Material Culture: Cotton Clothing 24. The New Imperialism, 1869-1914 The New Imperialism: Motives and Methods The Scramble for Africa Imperialism in Asia and the Pacific Imperialism in Latin America The World Economy and the Global Environment Environment and Technology: Imperialism and Tropical Ecology 25. The Crisis of the Imperial Order, 1900-1929 Origins of the Crisis in Europe and the Middle East The "Great War" and the Russian Revolutions Peace and Dislocation in Europe China and Japan: Contrasting Destinies The New Middle East Society, Culture, and Technology in the Industrialized World Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: The Middle East After World War I 26. The Collapse of the Old Order, 1929-1949 Stalin's Revolution The Depression The Rise of Fascism East Asia, 1931-1945 The Second World War The Character of Warfare Environment and Technology: The Enigma Machine 27. Striving for Independence: India, Africa, and Latin America, 1900-1949 The Indian Independence Movement, 1905-1947 Sub-Saharan Africa, 1900-1945 Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil, 1900-1949 Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: A Vietnamese Nationalist Denounces French Colonialism Issues in World History: Famines and Politics VIII. The Perils and Promises of a Global Community, 1945 to the Present 28. The Cold War and Decolonization, 1945-1975 The Cold War Decolonization and Nation Building Beyond a Bipolar World Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: The Green Revolution 29. Crisis, Realignment, and the Dawn of the Post-Cold War World, 1975-1991 Postcolonial Crises and Asian Economic Expansion, 1975-1991 The End of the Bipolar World, 1989-1991 The Challenge of Population Growth Unequal Development and the Movement of Peoples Technological and Environmental Change Diversity and Dominance: The Struggle for Women's Rights in an Era of Global Political and Economic Change 30. Globalization in the New Millennium Global Economic and Political Currents Trends and Visions Global Culture Environment and Technology: Global Warming Material Culture: Fast Food