The Earth Summit The United Nations Conference On Environment And Development (Unced)

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The United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development drew over 100 governments together in Rio de Janeiro (3-14 June 1992) to agree action and legal bases for future protection of the environment. This book elucidates both the UNCED process and the Conference itself by assembling the key documents, including the final version of Agenda 21, and using them to recount how UNCED began, developed and finally, in Rio, came to fruition. Each document is preceded by analytical and highly informative commentary which renders large and sometimes technically complicated material accessible and places it in its correct perspective. This in turn is amplified by an excellent introduction, and a comprehensive index.

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Editorial Reviews

A compilation of the key documents associated with the UN Conference held in Rio de Janeiro, June 1992. It includes the full text of the two international environmental Conventions which were opened for signature at UNCED, namely The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity, together with the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and the Authoritative Statement on Forest Principles. The compendium also includes the full text of Agenda 21, the program for international action in the field of environment and development which was adopted as the centerpiece of UNCED's achievements. Some important ancillary documents are also included in the collection. Environmentalist/author Stanley Johnson provides an introduction and comments on the various texts. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Introduction: Did we really save the Earth at Rio? 3
1 The United Nations General Assembly Resolution of 22 December 1989 11
2 The UNCED Preparatory Process 19
3 The Tokyo and Kuala Lumpur Declarations; Brundtland reconvened 31
4 Opening of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 3 June, 1992 41
5 The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 57
6 The Convention on Biological Diversity 81
7 Authoritative Statement of Forest Principles 103
8 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 117
1 Book Agenda 21: Contents and Preamble 125
Sect. I Social and Economic Dimensions
2 International cooperation to accelerate sustainable development in developing countries and related domestic policies 133
3 Combating poverty 145
4 Changing consumption patterns 151
5 Demographic dynamics and sustainability 157
6 Health 167
7 Promoting sustainable human settlement development 181
8 Integrating environment and development in decision-making 199
Sect. II Conservation and Management of Resources for Development
9 Protection of the atmosphere 213
10 Integrated approach to the planning and management of land resources 223
11 Combating deforestation 229
12 Combating desertification and drought 243
13 Sustainable mountain development 259
14 Promoting sustainable agriculture and rural development 265
15 Conservation of biological diversity 287
16 Environmentally sound management of biotechnology 293
17 Protection of oceans, all kinds of seas, including enclosed and semi-enclosed seas, and coastal areas and the protection, rational use and development of their living resources 307
18 Protection of the quality and supply of freshwater resources 333
19 Environmentally sound management of toxic chemicals, including prevention of illegal international traffic in toxic and dangerous products 361
20 Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes, including prevention of illegal international traffic in hazardous wastes 375
21 Environmentally sound management of solid wastes and sewage-related issues 387
22 Safe and environmentally sound management of radioactive wastes 399
Sect. III Strengthening the Role of Major Groups
23 Preamble 405
24 Global action for women towards sustainable and equitable development 407
25 Children and youth in sustainable development 411
26 Recognising and strengthening the role of indigenous people and their communities 415
27 Strengthening the role of non-governmental organizations: partners for sustainable development 419
28 Local authorities' initiatives in support of Agenda 21 423
29 Strengthening the role of workers and their trade unions 425
30 Strengthening the role of business and industry 429
31 The scientific and technological community 433
32 Strengthening the role of farmers 437
Sect. IV Means of Implementation
33 Financial resources and mechanisms 443
34 Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology Cooperation and Capacity-Building 455
35 Science for sustainable development 463
36 Promoting education, public awareness and training 473
37 National mechanisms and international cooperation for capacity-building in developing countries 481
38 International institutional arrangements 487
39 International legal instruments and mechanisms 499
40 Information for decision-making 503
Annex A. Organization of UNCED's work 509
Annex B. UNCED staff 517
Annex C. Mr Maurice Strong's Closing Speech to the Plenary Session of UNCED, June 14, 1992 519
Index 525
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