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Earthquake Protection / Edition 2
     

Earthquake Protection / Edition 2

by Andrew Coburn, Robin Spence
 

ISBN-10: 0470849231

ISBN-13: 9780470849231

Pub. Date: 09/30/2002

Publisher: Wiley

Since the publication of the successful first edition of Earthquake Protection there have been 110 lethal earthquakes, killing 130 000 people; there have also been significant developments in the field of earthquake risk management, particularly in the modelling and analysis of risk for insurance and financial services. Furthermore, major earthquake

Overview

Since the publication of the successful first edition of Earthquake Protection there have been 110 lethal earthquakes, killing 130 000 people; there have also been significant developments in the field of earthquake risk management, particularly in the modelling and analysis of risk for insurance and financial services. Furthermore, major earthquake disasters, such as the 1994 Northridge earthquake in California, the 1995 Kobe earthquake in Japan and the 1999 Kocaeli earthquake in Turkey have occurred. The experience and knowledge gained through these events have improved our understanding of how to manage, mitigate and work towards the prevention of similar catastrophes. The 1990s were in fact the costliest decade on record in terms of disaster management due to such seismic events, placing unprecedented pressure on the insurance industry in particular, and changing its view of earthquake protection.

Significantly revised and updated, this second edition continues to provide a comprehensive overview of how to reduce the impact of earthquakes on people and property, and implement best practice in managing the consequences of such disasters. It also includes significant coverage of the techniques of modelling earthquake catastrophe. Each chapter deals with a separate aspect of protection, and covers a wide range of economic and social conditions, drawing on the authors' considerable personal experience and with reference to real life examples.

Key features include:

  • Recent event coverage
  • Modern developments in the theory and practice of planning and engineering loss estimation techniques, along with new engineering techniques such as microzonation and hazard-mapping
  • Historic buildings experience
  • An entirely new chapter on 'Earthquakes and Finance'
This valuable book provides essential reading for earthquake and structural engineers and geoscientists, as well as insurers and loss prevention specialists, risk managers and assessors involved in managing earthquake risk, urban and regional planners, and emergency management agencies.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470849231
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
09/30/2002
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
436
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

About the Authorsxi
Forewordxiii
Acknowledgementsxv
1Earthquakes, Disasters and Protection1
1.1Earthquake Protection: Past Failure and Present Opportunity1
1.2Earthquake Disasters3
1.3Earthquakes14
1.4Earthquake Protection26
1.5Organisation of the Book34
Further Reading36
2The Costs of Earthquakes37
2.1The Costs of Earthquakes in the Last Century37
2.2Who Pays?44
2.3The Private Building Owner54
2.4The Insurance Industry58
2.5The Public Sector64
2.6Interrelated Risk67
Further Reading69
3Preparedness for Earthquakes71
3.1Earthquake Prediction71
3.2Long-term Prediction (Years)71
3.3Short-term Prediction (Days/Hours)74
3.4Instantaneous Warning (Seconds)78
3.5Practicalities of Prediction and Evacuation78
3.6Getting the General Public Prepared84
Further Reading89
4The Earthquake Emergency91
4.1Emergency Management91
4.2Search and Rescue101
4.3Search and Rescue Techniques106
4.4Medical Aspects of Earthquake Disaster117
4.5Follow-on Disasters123
4.6Shelter, Food and Essential Services128
4.7Re-establishing Public Confidence134
Further Reading138
5Recovering from Earthquakes141
5.1Opportunities and Challenges141
5.2Sectoral Recovery Plan142
5.3Repairing Economic Damage144
5.4Physical Reconstruction150
5.5Housing and Shelter Policy156
5.6Reconstruction and the Construction Industry162
5.7Turning Reconstruction into Future Protection165
Further Reading175
6Strategies for Earthquake Protection177
6.1Creating a Safe Society177
6.2Personal Risk Management178
6.3Corporate Risk Management183
6.4Urban Risk Management192
6.5National Risk Management211
6.6International Aid and Development Organisations223
Further Reading232
7Site Selection and Seismic Hazard Assessment233
7.1Choice of Siting233
7.2Site-related Earthquake Hazards234
7.3Estimating Ground Motion Hazard238
7.4Effect of Site Conditions on Seismic Hazard253
7.5Microzoning255
7.6Mapping of Insurance Risks259
Further Reading261
8Improving Earthquake Resistance of Buildings263
8.1Strong and Weak Building Types263
8.2Building Response to Earthquakes267
8.3How Buildings Resist Earthquakes272
8.4Structural Form and Earthquake Resistance274
8.5Choice of Structural Materials279
8.6Codes of Practice for Engineered Buildings281
8.7Improving the Resistance of Non-engineered Buildings285
8.8Strengthening Existing Buildings293
8.9Repair and Strengthening of Historical Buildings304
Further Reading309
9Earthquake Risk Modelling311
9.1Loss Estimation311
9.2Definition of Terms313
9.3Vulnerability Assessment317
9.4The PSI Scale of Earthquake Ground Motion325
9.5The HAZUS Methodology333
9.6Human Casualty Estimation338
9.7Other Losses342
9.8Applications of Loss Estimation346
9.9Uncertainty in Loss Estimation349
Further Reading352
10Risk Mitigation in Action353
10.1Introduction353
10.2Improving Standards of Construction for New Buildings353
10.3Strengthening Existing Buildings and Infrastructure358
10.4Upgrading Rural Construction: Building for Safety359
10.5Evaluating Alternative Protection Strategies364
10.6Evaluation of Alternative Strategies: Some Examples369
10.7Social and Public Policy Aspects of Earthquake Protection Strategies375
10.8The Way Ahead380
Bibliography385
Index403

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