Earthquake Source Asymmetry, Structural Media and Rotation Effects / Edition 1

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This is the first book on rotational effects in earthquakes, a revolutionary concept in seismology. Existing models do no yet explain the significant rotational and twisting motions that occur during an earthquake and cause the failure of structures. This breakthrough monograph thoroughly investigates rotational waves, basing considerations on modern observations of strong rotational ground motions and detection of seismic rotational waves. The rotational effects are observed first of all near the earthquake sources, but not only; they also appear near seismic stations on account of the properties of media through which the waves propagate. To describe the propagation of such waves, the authors consider structured elastic media that allow for rotational motions and rotational deformations of the ground, sometimes stronger than translational deformations. The rotation and twist effects are investigated and described and their consequences for designing tall buildings and other important structures are presented. The book will change the way the world views earthquakes.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783540313366
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 6/15/2006
  • Edition description: 2006
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 582
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 1.31 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Development of earthquake rotational effect study 1
2 Sources of rotation and twist motions 11
3 Some examples of rotation effects : the Tulbagh earthquake, South Africa 25
4 Deviations from symmetry and elasticity : asymmetric continuum mechanics 31
5 Degenerated asymmetric continuum theory 43
6 Continuum with rotation nuclei and defects : dislocation and disclination densities 57
7 Towards a discrete theory of defects 67
8 Fault dynamics and related radiation 77
9 A review on friction 91
10 Soliton physics 113
11 Rotational motions excited by earthquakes 131
12 Ground rotational motions recorded in near-source region of earthquakes 157
13 Fracture-band geometry and rotation energy release 169
14 Rotation motions : recording and analysis 185
15 Glacier motion : seismic events and rotation/tilt phenomena 199
16 Rotational energy and angular momentum of earthquakes 217
17 Bend-rotation wave as a mechanism of macroseismic effects 227
18 Solitary waves in crustal faults and their application to earthquakes 241
19 Seismic rotation waves : spin and twist solitons 255
20 Earth rotation, elasticity and geodynamics : earthquake wave rotary model 273
21 Seismic rotation waves in the continuum with nonlinear microstructure 293
22 Tectonic solitons propagating along the fault 301
23 Complexity of rotation soliton propagation 311
24 Micromorphic continuum with defects and Taylor-Bishop-Hill theory for polycrystals : anisotropic propagation of seismic waves and the Golebiewska gauge 317
25 Seismic ray theory for structural medium based on Kawaguchi and Finsler geometry 329
26 From non-local to asymmetric deformation field 337
27 Earthquake hazard in the valley of Mexico : entropy, structure, complexity 347
28 Note on the historical rotation seismographs 367
29 Ring laser gyroscopes as rotation sensors for seismic wave studies 377
30 Rotational motions in seismology : theory, observation, simulation
31 Absolute rotation measurement based on the Sagnac effect 413
32 Design of rotation seismometer and non-linear behaviour of rotation components of earthquakes 439
33 Rotation and twist motion recording - couple pendulum and rigid seismometers system 451
34 Equation of pendulum motion including rotations and its implications to the strong-ground motion 471
35 Strong motion rotation sensor 487
36 High-resolution wide-range tiltmeter : observations of Earth free oscillations excited by the 26 December 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake 493
37 Fiber optic sensors for seismic monitoring 521
38 Deriving seismic surface rotations for engineering purposes 549
39 Effects of torsional and rocking excitations on the response of structures 569
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