East Africa: An Introductory History / Edition 3

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In this third edition of East Africa: An Introductory History, Robert M. Maxon revisits the diverse eastern region of Africa, including the modern nations of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. With revised sections and a new preface, this comprehensive text surveys East Africa’s political, economic, and social history from pre-colonial to modern times. Maxon reveals the physical movement and societal development of and between ethnic groups before the 1890s; the capitalistic impact of European colonialism in the early nineteenth century; and the achievement and aftermath of independence in East Africa during the later part of this century.

East Africa: An Introductory History, 3rd and Revised Edition offers the student and scholar:

• the only revision of this title in over a decade
• a complete index and glossary of African terms that promote an effortless navigation of the complex history of this region
• over twenty maps and diagrams that provide visual depictions of the development of eastern Africa
• detailed geographical and topographical analysis that supplement the historical scope and investigation of this region
East Africa: An Introductory History documents the transformation of East Africa from the Stone Age to the first decade of the twenty-first century. The book is ideal for any reader interested in unraveling the intricate history of this East Africa, and especially for students coming to the study of this region for the first time.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781933202464
  • Publisher: West Virginia University Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/2009
  • Edition description: 3rd Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 346
  • Sales rank: 490,473
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert M. Maxon is Professor of History at West Virginia University. He served as an Education Officer in Kenya from 1961-64 and has served as a visiting professor of history at Moi University in Kenya on four separate occasions. Maxon has carried out research in East Africa on numerous visits since 1968.

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Table of Contents

1 East African Geography

Topography 1

Climate 4

Vegetation and Soil 6

2 The Peopling of East Africa To C. 1000 A.D.

Early Stone Age 12

Middle Stone Age 12

Late Stone Age 13

Populations and Languages of East Africa 15

Food Production and Iron Working 21

The Early Iron Age and Bantu Migrations 24

Early Nilotic Migrations 30

Population Interaction and Absorption 32

3 The East African Coast To 1800

The Coastal Plain 35

Azania: The Coast to 1000 A.D. 37

The Swahili Period: 1000-1500 39

The Coming of Portuguese Dominance: 1500-1600 44

The Decline of Portuguese Control: 1600-1700 47

The Omani Period at the Coast: 1700-1800 50

4 The East African Interior: C.1000 To 1650

Uganda 53

The Rise of the Interlacustrine Kingdoms: Bunyoro-Kitara 53

Origin of the Kingdom of Nkore 27

Buganda Origins 59

Lwoo Migration into Uganda 61

Lwoo Migration within East Africa 62

Kenya 64

Highlands Nilotes 65

Plains Nilotes 67

Bantu and River-Lake Nilotes of Western Kenya: the Luhya and the Luo 69

The Thagicu Peoples 72

Mainland Tranzania 74

West Lake Region: the Haya States 76

West Central Tanzania: the Ntemi Chieftaincies 76

Eastern Tanzania 78

5 The East African Interior from the MID-Seventeenth to MID-Nineteenth Century

Uganda 81

Bunyoro-Kitara 83

Kabarega and the Rejuvenation of Bunyoro 84

Bugada: Territorial Expansion 85

Centralization and Strengthening of the Monarchy in Buganda 87

The Kingdom of Nkore 89

The Kingdom of Toro 90

Lwoo-Speaking Communities 90

Karamojong-Teso Movements 91

Kenya 93

Highlands Nilotes 94

Plains Nilotes 95

Western Kenya: the Luhya, Luo, andGusii 96

The Thagicu Peoples: Kikuyu and Kamba 100

Mainland Tanazania 102

Northwestern Tanazania 103

Southern and Western Tanzania; the Coming of the Ngoni 105

Long Distance Trade in Tanzania 108

West-Central Tanzania: Trade and Political Centralization 109

6 East Africa and the Wider World in the Nineteenth Century

Oman and the East African Coast 112

Seyyid Said and Zanzibar 114

Economic Impact of Nineteenth Century Trade 116

Growth of External Commerce 118

Anti-Slave Trade Impetus, to European Involvement in East Africa 120

Missionary Impetus to European Involvement in East Africa 122

Christian Missions and Buganda 124

European Adventurers as Precursors of European Involvement in East Africa 126

7 The Scramble for East Africa

Britain and Zanzibar: "Informal Empire" 129

Egypt and the Scramble for East Africa 130

Germany Enters East Africa 132

Chartered Companies and the Scramble for Uganda 134

From Chartered Companies to Protectorates 137

8 The Establishment of European Rule: 1890S To 1914

Conquest and Resistance 142

The Ecological Catastrophe 143

Beginning Administration 144

Economic and Social Considerations 146

Uganda 148

Britian and Buganda 148

Buganda Sub-imperialism 150

The Buganda Agreement of 1900 152

Further Resistance to British Rule 154

Further Expansion of Colonial Rule 155

The Colonial Economy 156

Missions and Western Education 159

Kenya 159

The Uganda Railway 160

The Conquest of Kenya 161

European Settlement and Land 164

The Colonial Economy 165

Missions and Western Education 167

Social and Political Dominance of the European Settlers 168

German East Africa 169

The Conquest of German East Africa 169

The Colonial Economy 171

The Maji Maji Rebellion 173

Reform and Development under Rechenberg 175

Zanzibar 177

9 East Africa from the First World War to the Second: 1914-1939

Tanganyika 184

The War and German East Africa 184

The Start of British Rule in Tanganyika 186

Sir Donald Cameron and Indirect Rule 187

The Depression and After 190

Improvement and African Politics 191

Uganda 193

Peasant or Plantation Agriculture for Uganda 193

African Discontent and Politics 195

Education 198

Uganda's Asians 199

The Colonial Economy 199

Kenya 200

Kenya Africans and the War 201

Toward European Domination 201

The Asian Question 204

African Political Activism after the War 206

Settler Politics, Closer Union, and the Colonial Office 211

The Colonial Economy 213

African Protest in the 1930s 215

Zanzibar 216

10 The Rise of Nationalism and Achievement of Independence in East Africa: 1939-1963

World War II and East Africa 225

Tanganyika 227

Development and the Post-war Economy 227

Colonial Policy and African Politics after the War 228

TAVU and the Triumph of Mass Nationalism 231

The Colonial Economy 235

Uganda 236

Popular Discontent in Buganda 236

Sir Andrew Cohen and the "Kabaka Crisis" 238

National Politics and Buganda Separatism 240

Toward Independence|242

The Colonial Economy 245

Kenya 246

The War and the Mitchell Era 246

The Coming of Mau Mau 248

The Emergency 252

Toward African Self-Government 255

The Colonial Economy 259

Zenzibar 260

Evolution of Political Parties 260

Toward Independence 261

11 Independent East Africa, 1960s To 1990s

Independence and Dependency 265

Attempts to Achieve Closer Cooperation in East Africa 268

Tanzania 271

Establishment of a Republic 271

Tanganyika to Tanzania 272

The One-Party State 273

Socialism and Self-reliance: the Arusha Declaration 274

Building a Socialist Tanzania 275

Retreat from Ujamaa 278

Foreign Affairs 281

Uganda 282

Cooperation and Conflict with Buganda 282

Political Turmoil and the Kabaka's Downfall 284

Uganda's New Republic 285

Obote's fall and the Amin Dictatorship 286

Post-Amin Uganda 288

Foreign Affairs 293

Kenya 295

KANU and the Unitary State 295

Two-party Politics: the KPU 298

Kenya in the 1970s 300

The Moi Presidency 302

End of the Moi Era 306

Foreign Affairs 308

Selected Bibliography 313

Glossary of African Terms 315

Index 317

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