Becoming a manager does not necessarily mean that you will automatically be
provided with a “How To Do” It instruction manual. Many new managers have to
gather their own information about managing and do on the job training. An effective
management tool to have in your blossoming repertoire is how to use work plans in
order to achieve coordination, control, develop and support workers who you
Try starting to use work plans with the following headings and use a table for the
• Objectives: The reason for doing the activity or task
• Action required: The act or steps which will be taken in order to achieve the
• By Whom: This is usually the employee in conjunction with others if required
• By what date: deadlines and schedules must be built in and realistically achieved
Then as you get more familiar with using them add headings for more complex
issues such as costings, risks and projections.
Work plans ideally should be put together with the employee and reviewed at
sufficient intervals for there to be a chance to see if they are on track and are
When you start to use work plans you will see that they are the basic management
planning tool for effective uses for example for business plans, appraisals, group
work and individual planning.
Use them for all types of objectives such as project management, financial planning, and direct work with customers and marketing.