Ecoambiguity, Community, and Development takes stock of cultural and environmental contexts in many different regions of the world by exploring literature and film. Artists and scholars working in the social ecology, environmental justice, and postcolonial arenas have long recognized that as soon as we tug on a thread of “ecodegradation,” we generally find it linked to some form of cultural oppression. The reverse is also often true. In the spirit of postcolonial ecocriticism, the studies collected by Scott ...
Ecoambiguity, Community, and Development takes stock of cultural and environmental contexts in many different regions of the world by exploring literature and film. Artists and scholars working in the social ecology, environmental justice, and postcolonial arenas have long recognized that as soon as we tug on a thread of “ecodegradation,” we generally find it linked to some form of cultural oppression. The reverse is also often true. In the spirit of postcolonial ecocriticism, the studies collected by Scott Slovic, R. Swarnalatha, and Vidya Sarveswaran emphasize the impossibility of disentangling environmental and cultural problems.
While not all the authors explicitly invoke Karen Thornber’s term “ecoambiguity” or the concepts and terminology of postcolonial ecocriticism, their articles frequently bring to light various ironies. For example, the fact that Ukrainian environmental experience in the twenty-first century is defined by one of the world’s most infamous industrial disasters, the Chernobyl nuclear accident of 1986, yet Ukrainian culture, like many throughout the world, actually cherishes a profound, even animistic, attachment to the wonders of nature. The repetition of this and other paradoxes in human cultural responses to the more-than-human world reinforces our sense of the congruities and idiosyncrasies of human culture. Every human culture, regardless of its condition of economic and industrial development, has produced its own version of “environmental literature and art”—but the nuances of this work reflect that culture’s precise social and geophysical circumstances. In various ways, these stories of community and development from across the planet converge and diverge, as told and explained by distinguished scholars, many of whom come from the cultures represented in these articles.
Vidya Sarveswaran is assistant professor of English in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur. She has several journal articles to her credit, and has worked on several documentary films as a script writer.
Scott Slovic served as founding president of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment and is editor of the journal ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment. He is currently writing Fundamentals of Ecocriticism and Environmental Literature and editing The Cambridge Companion to American Literature and Environment.
Swarnalatha Rangarajan is associate professor of English at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras. She was the founding editor of the Indian Journal of Ecocriticism and has served as guest editor for two special issues on Indian ecosophy for The Trumpeter—the Canadian Journal of Deep Ecology.
Table of Contents
Scott Slovic, Swarnalatha Rangarajan, and Vidya Sarveswaran
Chapter 1: Plundering Borderlands North and South
Chapter 2: Tibet, a Topos in Ecopolitics of the Global South
Chapter 3: Red China, Green Amnesia: Locating Environmental Justice in Contemporary Chinese Literature
Cheng Li and Yanjun Liu
Chapter 4: Minamata and the Symbolic Discourse of the South
Chapter 5: Indian Environmentalism and Its Fragments
Chapter 6: From Bhopal to Biometrics: Biological Citizenship in the Age of Globalization
Chapter 7: Beyond the Eco-flaneur’s Footsteps: Perambulatory Narration in Zakes Mda’s Ways of Dying
Laura A. White
Chapter 8: Reconsidering the Eco-Imperatives of Ukrainian Consciousness: An Introduction to Ukrainian Environmental Literature
Chapter 9: Kissed by Lightning and Fourth Cinema’s Natureculture Continuum
Chapter 10: Under all the laws, natural, human, and divine: Reinterpreting La Leyenda Negra’s Colonial Purpose
Chapter 11: Mapmaking, Rubbertapping: Cartography and Social Ecology in Euclides da Cunha’s The Amazon: Land Without History
Chapter 12: Down Under: New World Literatures and Ecocriticism
George B. Handley