Ecological Modernisation around the World : Perspectives and Critical Debates

Overview

The idea of ecological modernisation originated in Western Europe in the 1980s, gaining attention around the world by the late 1990s. At the core of this social scientific and policy-oriented approach is the view that contemporary societies have the capability of dealing with their environmental crises. Experiences in some countries demonstrate that modern institutions can incorporate environmental interests into their daily routines. Elsewhere, economic and political interests dominate development trajectories ...

See more details below
Available through our Marketplace sellers.
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (9) from $1.99   
  • Used (9) from $1.99   
Close
Sort by
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Note: Marketplace items are not eligible for any BN.com coupons and promotions
$1.99
Seller since 2005

Feedback rating:

(1666)

Condition:

New — never opened or used in original packaging.

Like New — packaging may have been opened. A "Like New" item is suitable to give as a gift.

Very Good — may have minor signs of wear on packaging but item works perfectly and has no damage.

Good — item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Acceptable — item is in working order but may show signs of wear such as scratches or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Used — An item that has been opened and may show signs of wear. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Refurbished — A used item that has been renewed or updated and verified to be in proper working condition. Not necessarily completed by the original manufacturer.

Good
PAPERBACK Good 071468113X Good condition, cover has some wear, might have some writings.

Ships from: Sacramento, CA

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$23.66
Seller since 2010

Feedback rating:

(17)

Condition: Good
Good Ships from UK in 48 hours or less (usually same day). Your purchase helps support the African Children's Educational Trust (A-CET). Ex-library, so some stamps and wear, but ... in good overall condition. 100% money back guarantee. We are a world class secondhand bookstore based in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom and specialize in high quality textbooks across an enormous variety of subjects. We aim to provide a vast range of textbooks, rare and collectible books at a great price. Through our work with A-CET we have helped give hundreds of young people in Africa the vital chance to get an education. We provide a 100% money back guarantee and are dedicated to providing our customers with the highest standards of service in the bookselling industry. *****PLEASE NOTE: This item is shipping from an authorized seller in Europe. In the event that a return is necessary, you will be able to return your item within the US. To learn more about our European sellers and policies see the BookQuest FAQ section***** Read more Show Less

Ships from: Waltham Abbey, United Kingdom

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$23.66
Seller since 2010

Feedback rating:

(17)

Condition: Very Good
Very Good Used-Very Good. Ships from UK in 48 hours or less (usually same day). Your purchase helps support the African Children's Educational Trust (A-CET). Ex-library, but has ... been well cared for. 100% money back guarantee. We are a world class secondhand bookstore based in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom and specialize in high quality textbooks across an enormous variety of subjects. We aim to provide a vast range of textbooks, rare and collectible books at a great price. Through our work with A-CET we have helped give hundreds of young people in Africa the vital chance to get an education. We provide a 100% money back guarantee and are dedicated to providing our customers with the highest standards of service in the bookselling industry. *****PLEASE NOTE: This item is shipping from an authorized seller in Europe. In the event that a return is necessary, you will be able to return your item within the US. To learn more about our European sellers and policies see the BookQuest FAQ section***** Read more Show Less

Ships from: Waltham Abbey, United Kingdom

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$23.77
Seller since 2010

Feedback rating:

(80)

Condition: Very Good
Very Good Ships from the UK. Former Library book. Great condition for a used book! Minimal wear. Your purchase also supports literacy charities. *****PLEASE NOTE: This item is ... shipping from an authorized seller in Europe. In the event that a return is necessary, you will be able to return your item within the US. To learn more about our European sellers and policies see the BookQuest FAQ section***** Read more Show Less

Ships from: Dunfermline, United Kingdom

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$29.99
Seller since 2005

Feedback rating:

(223)

Condition: Like New
Fine A nice, clean copy.

Ships from: Iowa City, IA

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$33.20
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(323)

Condition: Very Good
Very good.

Ships from: Chatham, NJ

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$33.20
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(323)

Condition: Good
Possible retired library copy, some have markings or writing. May or may not include accessories such as CD or access codes.

Ships from: Chatham, NJ

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$58.47
Seller since 2010

Feedback rating:

(1)

Condition: Good
PAPERBACK Good 071468113X Fast UK Despatch-2000 Ex library paperback with laminated covers, usual labels, a little wear, sound, with a few markings. [64] *****PLEASE NOTE: This ... item is shipping from an authorized seller in Europe. In the event that a return is necessary, you will be able to return your item within the US. To learn more about our European sellers and policies see the BookQuest FAQ section***** Read more Show Less

Ships from: Faversham, United Kingdom

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$79.49
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(323)

Condition: Like New
As new.

Ships from: Chatham, NJ

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Close
Sort by
Sending request ...

Overview

The idea of ecological modernisation originated in Western Europe in the 1980s, gaining attention around the world by the late 1990s. At the core of this social scientific and policy-oriented approach is the view that contemporary societies have the capability of dealing with their environmental crises. Experiences in some countries demonstrate that modern institutions can incorporate environmental interests into their daily routines. Elsewhere, economic and political interests dominate development trajectories and environmental deterioration continues, challenging the premises of ecological modernisation. This volume brings together research on ecological modernisation practices around the world. Studies on Western, Central, and Eastern Europe, the USA, and Southeast Asia examine the applicability of this approach to advanced industrial countries, transitional economies and developing countries respectively. Authors critically examine the premises of ecological modernisation theory, assess its value for understanding past and present environmental transformations, and outline paths for designing future sustainable development. Taken together, the studies in collected this volume offer significant refinements, extensions and critiques of ecological modernisation theory and suggest important directions for future research on social and policy dimensions of environmental change.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A rich source of historical and theoretical context. I would recommend the Mol and Sonnenfeld volume." John Ehrenfeld, Journal of Industrial Ecology, January 2004

"Surveys the current state of the art from both theoretical and empirical angles" Michael Parnwell." Asia Pacific Viewpoint, April 2002

"A useful addition to the growing literature on ecological modernization." David Gibbs - Economic Geography, October 2001

"In showing the conditions for success and failure of EM [Ecological Modernization] in practice ... an extremely rich book." Hein-Anton van der Heijden - Environmental Politics, Autumn 2001

"Refreshing and multifaceted empirical reflections on the validity of EMT [Ecological Modernization Theory]." Nayna Jhaveri - Environment and Planning C, August 2001

David Gibbs
A useful addition to the growing literature on ecological modernization.
Economic Geography, October 2001
Hein-Anton van der Heijden
In showing the conditions for success and failure of EM [Ecological Modernization] in practice ... an extremely rich book.
Environmental Politics, Autumn 2001
Nayna Jhaveri
Refreshing and multifacetted empirical reflections on the validity of EMT [Ecological Modernization Theory]
Environment and Planning C, August 2001
Booknews
Sociologists look at the current status of Ecological Modernization, a study of how highly industrialized societies deal with ecological concerns through social, economic, political, and government institutions. It was developed in northern Europe in the 1980s. They review a number of theoretical perspectives, then describe applications in highly industrial countries, transition economies, and non-industrial countries. Distributed in the US by ISBS. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780714681139
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 4/1/2000
  • Series: Environmental Politics Series
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.05 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction

1. Arthur P.J. Mol and David A. Sonnenfeld, "Ecological Modernisation Theory around the world: an introduction"

Theoretical Perspectives

2. Arthur P.J. Mol and Gert Spaargaren, "Ecological modernisation in debate: a review"

3. Gert Spaargaren and Bas J.M. van Vliet, "Lifestyles, consumption and the environment. The ecological modernisation of domestic consumption"

4. Maurie Cohen, "Ecological modernisation, environmental knowledge, and national character"

Case Studies from Around the World

Advanced Industrial Countries

5. David Pellow, Allan Schnaiberg, and Adam Weinberg, "Putting the ecological modernisation thesis to the test: the promises and performance of urban recycling" (USA)

6. Pekka Jokinen, "Europeanisation and ecological modernisation: agri-environmental policy and practices in Finland"

Transitional Economies

7. Leonardus Rinkevicius, "Ecological modernisation as cultural politics: transformations of the civic environmental activism in Lithuania"

8. Zsuzsa Gille, "Legacy of waste or wasted legacy? The end of industrial ecology in postsocialist Hungary"

Developing Countries

9. David A. Sonnenfeld, "Contradictions of ecological modernisation: pulp and paper manufacturing in South-East Asia"

10. Jos Frijns, Phung Thuy Phuong and Arthur P.J. Mol, "Ecological modernisation theory and industrialising economies: the case of Viet Nam"

Read More Show Less

Introduction

Many contemporary environmental social scientists and commentators suggest that a major turn occurred in the 1980s with regard to the continuing undermining of sustenance bases of western industrial societies. The Brundtland report [WCED, 1987] is often denoted as the codification of that transformation, which was marked by other historical events as well, including the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). Beyond this common understanding, divergent interpretations have developed on (i) the nature of that transformation, (ii) the actors and actions which have triggered innovations in societies' interactions with external nature, (iii) the extent to which such environmental improvements have reflected changing environmental ideologies and discourses, and (iv) the social and geographical distribution of those changes.

Numerous social scientists have analysed aspects of this turn, looking at, for example, the changing role of the nation-state in safeguarding the environment [cf. Jänicke, 1993], and the role of social movements in representing environmental interests vis-à-vis economic agents [cf. Rawcliffe, 1998]. Few attempts have been made to formulate more general explanations of current transformations of environmental practices, discourses and institutions. One of the more sustained efforts to do so has been a growing number of publications which can be brought together under the label, 'ecological modernisation'. Scholars in different disciplines from around the world have been developing and 'testing' this body of work for nearly two decades. (1)

The present volume aims to contribute to the critical advancement of Ecological Modernisation Theory. It tries to capture and evaluate the state-of-the art of this approach's analysis of contemporary environmental reforms, while also presenting fresh challenges from outside this school-of-thought. Although Ecological Modernisation Theory is the central focus of this work, neither we, the editors, nor the individual authors interpret it as the only valid approach. Various articles in this volume give evidence of the limitations of the present state-of-the-art of Ecological Modernisation Theory and the need to confront it with other perspectives to develop it further. Moreover, contributors to this volume vary in their 'support' for this school-of-thought. Whether engaged or in debate with it, however, the authors find Ecological Modernization Theory to be one of the more valuable points of reference in contemporary social sciences for analysing society-environment interactions at the turn of the millennium.

In order to provide a conceptual framework in which to situate individual contributions, we first outline the historical emergence of Ecological Modernisation Theory and summarise its key features, before outlining the contents of this volume.

The Emergence of Ecological Modernisation Theory

Ecological Modernisation Theory was first developed in the early 1980s primarily in a small group of western European countries, notably Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom (UK). Social scientists such as Martin Jänicke, Volker von Prittwitz, Udo Simonis and Klaus Zimmermann (Germany), Gert Spaargaren, Maarten Hajer, and Arthur P.J. Mol (the Netherlands) and Albert Weale, Maurie Cohen and Joseph Murphy (UK) made substantial contributions to this scholarship [see the various references in the different contributions to this volume]. More recently, empirical studies have also been carried out focusing on among others Finland (e.g. Jokinen and Koskinen, 1998; Sarinen, forthcoming], Canada [e.g. Harris, 1996], Denmark [e.g. Andersen, 1994], Europe [Neale, 1997], Lithuania [e.g. Rinkevicius, 1999 and this volume], Hungary [e.g. Gille, this volume], Kenya [e.g. Frijns et al., 1997] and Southeast Asia [e.g. Sonnenfeld; and Frijns et al., this volume]. It is the German sociologist Joseph Huber, however, who should arguably be seen as its founder [cf. 1982; 1985, 1991].

Even in its relatively short existence, Ecological Modernisation Theory has developed with considerable diversity and debate, not only by national background and theoretical foundation (2), but also chronologically. Reserving a more detailed overview and analysis of this literature for elsewhere, we believe it useful for the present purposes to distinguish at least three stages in the development and maturation of this school-of-thought.

The first contributions, especially those by Joseph Huber [cf. 1982; 1985], were characterised by heavy emphasis on the role of technological innovations in environmental reform, especially in the sphere of industrial production; a critical attitude towards the (bureaucratic) state (3); a favourable attitude towards the role of market actors and dynamics in environmental reforms; a systems-theoretical and rather evolutionary perspective with a limited notion of human agency and social struggles; and an orientation towards analyses at the level of the nation-state.

The second period, from the late 1980s to the mid-1990s, showed less emphasis on technological innovation as the key motor of ecological modernisation; a more balanced view on the respective roles of states and "the market" in ecological transformation [cf. Weale, 1992; Jänicke 1991; 1993]; and more attention to institutional and cultural dynamics of ecological modernisation [cf. Hajer, 1995; Spaargaren and Mol, 1991 and 1992; Cohen 1997]. During this period, scholarship on ecological modernisation continued to emphasise national and comparative studies of industrial production in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries.

Since the mid-1990s, the frontier of Ecological Modernisation Theory has broadened theoretically and geographically to include studies on the ecological transformation of consumption; ecological modernisation in non-European countries (newly industrialising countries, less developed countries, the transitional economies in Central and Eastern Europe, but also OECD countries such as the USA and Canada); and global processes. Works in the present volume fit squarely in this third phase of Ecological Modernisation Theory. (4)

Notwithstanding their temporal, national, and theoretical differences, one can gather this scholarship together under the aegis of Ecological Modernisation Theory. Such studies arguably have three broad perspectives in common: (i) moving beyond apocalyptic orientations to see environmental problems as challenges for social, technical and economic reform, rather than as immutable consequences of industrialisation; (ii) emphasising transformation of core social institutions of modernity -- be it not beyond recognition -- including science and technology, production and consumption, politics and governance, and the 'market', on multiple scales (local, national, and global); and (iii) positioning in the academic field distinct from counter-productivity/ deindustrialisation, postmodernist/strong social constructionist, and many neo-Marxist analyses.

We turn next to outlining some of Ecological Modernisation Theory's core themes.

Core Themes of Ecological Modernisation Theory

From the initial contributions onwards, the aim of Ecological Modernisation Theory has been to analyse how contemporary industrialised societies deal with environmental crises. The core of all studies in the tradition of Ecological Modernisation focuses on (existing and programmed) environmental reforms in social practices, institutional designs and societal and policy discourses to safeguard societies' sustenance bases.

Some authors emphasise that these social transformations in institutions, practices and discourses are paralleled by physical changes in tendencies of environmental disruptions and material flows [e.g. Jänicke et al., 1992]. According to these latter scholars, from the mid-1980s onwards, a process of decoupling or delinking of material from economic flows emerged in ecological front-runner (5) nations such as Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Denmark. In a number of cases (countries, industrial sectors, issues), environmental reforms arguably even resulted in an absolute decline of natural resources used and emissions produced, regardless of economic growth in monetary or material terms (amount of products). (6) Considerable debate has emerged about whether these improvements have actually taken place and to what extent any such improvements are structural or incidental.

It is not physical improvements per se, however, but rather social and institutional transformations which have been and still are at the core of much current scholarship on ecological modernisation. These transformations can be grouped in five clusters:

  • Changing role of science and technology. Science and technology not only are judged for their role in the emergence of environmental problems but also valued for their actual and potential role in curing and preventing them. Traditional curative and repair options are replaced by preventive socio-technological approaches incorporating environmental considerations from the design stage of technological and organisational innovations. Science and technology are not marginalised despite an apparent growing uncertainty of expert knowledge regarding definitions and causes of, and solutions for, environmental problems.
  • Increasing importance of market dynamics and economic agents (such as producers, customers, consumers, credit institutions, insurance companies etc.) as carriers of ecological restructuring and reform (in addition to the more conventional categories of state agencies and new social movements that prevail in all most all social theories on the environment).
  • Transformations in the role of the nation-state. More decentralised, flexible and consensual styles of governance emerge, with less top-down, national command-and-control environmental regulation -- often referred to as political modernisation [cf. Jänicke, 1993; Jänicke and Weidner, 1995]. More opportunities for non-state actors to assume traditional administrative, regulatory, managerial, corporate (7), and mediating functions of the nation-states, referred to by some as subpolitical arrangements [cf. Beck, 1994; Hogenboom et al., 1999]. Emergent supra-national institutions also undermine the nation-state's traditional role in environmental reform.
  • Modifications in the position, role and ideology of social movements. Increasingly, social movements are involved in public and private decision-making institutions regarding environmental reforms, in contrast to having been limited to the periphery or even outside of such processes and institutions in the 1970s and '80s.(8) Along with this is a partial shift from anti-systemic, demodernisation to reform ideologies. These changes, in turn, have led to debates within social movement organisations regarding tensions of dualistic strategies and ideologies. And finally,
  • Changing discursive practices and emerging new ideologies. Complete neglect of the environment and the fundamental counterpositioning of economic and environmental interests are no longer accepted as legitimate positions [cf. Spaargaren and Mol, 1992; Hajer, 1995]. Intergenerational solidarity in dealing with the sustenance base has emerged as an undisputed core principle.

Such social transformations feature as central topics of scholarship on ecological modernisation in western industrialised countries, and increasingly elsewhere as well. Two further positions can be identified in these studies. Some scholars [cf. Weale, 1992; Mol, 1995; Spaargaren, 1997] use these premises as analytical tools to understand social dynamics of present-day processes of environmental reform. A second group [including Christoff, 1996; Boons, 1997; Dryzek, 1998] moves beyond this position, claiming that these premises have not only analytical value but also normative merit in outlining desirable and feasible paths for environmental reform -- or they contest such premises.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)