Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

Overview

The impact of rising levels of greenhouse gases—and the global consequences for crops!

Carbon dioxide is a major greenhouse gas that causes global warming and directly impacts every aspect of plant life and indirectly impacts animal and human life. Atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have risen dramatically over the past century, and though this could mean opportunities for better growth and increased yield of certain crops, other factors like weather extremes and changes to plant...

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Overview

The impact of rising levels of greenhouse gases—and the global consequences for crops!

Carbon dioxide is a major greenhouse gas that causes global warming and directly impacts every aspect of plant life and indirectly impacts animal and human life. Atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have risen dramatically over the past century, and though this could mean opportunities for better growth and increased yield of certain crops, other factors like weather extremes and changes to plant physiology may mitigate the positive effects. Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide comprehensively analyzes every aspect of crop responses to increasing carbon dioxide as well as their productional significance for the world. Changes in the growth rate and yield of crops are explored, with attention given to the consequences of coming weather changes on production and the expected economic impact.

Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide takes the data gleaned from careful research to provide an in-depth vision of the impact of carbon dioxide on global temperatures, plant physiology, and the ecological and economic future of our world. Respected authorities thoroughly discuss the research detailing the complete range of issues from plant growth under increased carbon dioxide levels to the impact of rising air temperatures to the evolving ecophysiological responses within various crops. Extensive references provide opportunities for further research while detailed tables and graphs clearly illustrate data.

Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide explores the effects of carbon dioxide enrichment on:

  • plants, crops, and vegetation—is it beneficial?
  • growth, yield, and photosynthetic responses in rice
  • the photosynthetic capacity and productivity of rice under field conditions—and the role of nitrogen fertilization
  • forage and grain nitrogen content
  • potato crops
  • crop responses including interaction with temperature
  • the growth of maize
  • different agricultural systems around the world—such as central and southeastern Europe, northern climates, Sudan, citrus-growing regions, and others
  • the production ecophysiology of Hungarian green pepper
  • and much more!
The impending changes in our world make Ecological Responses and Adaptations of Crops to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide a valuable text for educators and postgraduate students in the field of plant ecology and crop production and an essential resource for researchers in the fields of plant ecology, ecophysiology, agricultural crop production, and environmental sciences.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781560221210
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 8/28/2005
  • Pages: 414
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Foreword xv
Is the Long-Term Elevated Air CO[subscript 2] Environment Beneficial for Plants, Crops and Vegetation? 1
Rice Growth, Yield and Photosynthetic Responses to Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Drought 7
Response of Rice to p(CO[subscript 2]) Enrichment: The Relationship Between Photosynthesis and Nitrogen Metabolism 31
Photosynthetic Capacity and Productivity of CO[subscript 2]-Enriched Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Under Field Conditions: The Role of N Fertilization 55
CO[subscript 2] Enrichment Effects on Forage and Grain Nitrogen Content of Pasture and Cereal Plants 73
The Effect of Elevated Levels of Carbon Dioxide on Potato Crops: A Review 91
Crop Responses to Elevated Carbon Dioxide and Interaction with Temperature: Grain Legumes 113
Crop Responses to Elevated Carbon Dioxide and Interactions with Temperature: Cotton 157
The Effects of Natural CO[subscript 2] Enrichment on the Growth of Maize 193
The Effects of Elevated CO[subscript 2] and Its Interaction with Water Stress on a C[subscript 4] Pasture Species (Blepharis linariifolia) Native to Sudan 213
Increase in Atmospheric CO[subscript 2] and Ambient Temperatures in the North: Promises and Drawbacks for Crop Production 239
Climate Change and CO[subscript 2] Effects on Productivity of Danish Agricultural Systems 257
Interactive Effects of CO[subscript 2] and O[subscript 3] on the Growth of Trisetum flavescens and Trifolium pratense Grown in Monoculture or a Bi-Species Mixture 275
The Potential Effect of Climate Change and Elevated Air Carbon Dioxide on Agricultural Crop Production in Central and Southeastern Europe 291
Production Ecophysiology of Hungarian Green Pepper Under Elevated Air CO[subscript 2] Concentration 333
Physiological and Yield Responses of Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Exposed to Elevated CO[subscript 2] Concentrations in a Free Air CO[subscript 2] Enrichment (FACE) 345
Photosynthesis, Growth, and Yield of Citrus at Elevated Atmospheric CO[subscript 2] 361
The Effect of Elevated Atmospheric CO[subscript 2] Concentration on Two Populus Clones Grown in a FACE System 377
Limited Increase of Agricultural Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Stocks Due to Increased Atmospheric CO[subscript 2] Concentrations 393
Index 401
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