Economic Change, Governance and Natural Resource Wealth: The Political Economy of Change in Southern Africa

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This volume analyzes the ways in which natural resource wealth has shaped authoritarian political regimes and statist economic systems in the countries of southern Africa in the post-colonial period. It consists of five essays. The first sets out the historical framework and emergence of natural resources as the crucial driver of economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Three essays, drawing on in-country research, focus on Tanzania, Zambia and
Zimbabwe. They show how this explains the economic evolution of those countries - in particular, the impacts of economic and institutional changes on the bulk of the population, the rural poor. The final essay explores the nature of the changes and their neoliberal economic context, and the ways in which their harmful consequences might be relieved.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781853838774
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 2/28/2002
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 192
  • Product dimensions: 5.24 (w) x 8.94 (h) x 0.77 (d)

Meet the Author

David Reed is director of WWWF-International's Macroeconomics Program Office located in Washington, DC. He received his PhD in development economics from the Institut Universitaire d'Etudes du Development, University of Geneva.
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Table of Contents

List of Maps
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Introduction 1
Ch. 1 The Political Economy of Natural Resource Wealth 11
Natural Resource Wealth 12
Economic Foundations of Authoritarianism 20
Authoritarian Regimes in Southern Africa 23
(Un)Intended Political Impacts of Structural Adjustment 26
Natural Resource Wealth: Old Challenges in the New Millennium 32
Ch. 2 Tanzania 41
The Imperatives of Change 43
Structural Change and Natural Resource Sectors 47
The Economic Impact of the Structural Reforms on Mining and Tourism 58
The Promise of Continuing Change 61
Ch. 3 Zambia 69
Constructing the Authoritarian Regime 71
The Imperative to Adjust 74
Institutional Reforms for Rural Communities 79
Dismantling Dualism: To Whose Benefit? 90
Ch. 4 Zimbabwe 97
The Foundations of Conflict 99
Economic Reforms 106
Towards Resolution or Protracted Conflict? 118
Ch. 5 Natural Resource Wealth in the Construction of Neoliberal Economies in Southern Africa 123
What Groups or Economic Agents Have Gained or Lost Control over Natural Resources in the Context of Economic Reforms? 126
Through What Processes, Policies and Relations Have These Groups Acquired or Lost Control over Natural Resources? 128
Will Those Changes Promote Sustainable Development Paths by Promoting Environmental Sustainability, Enhancing Social Equity and Increasing Governments' Public Accountability? 134
Pursuing Reforms without a National Consensus 138
By Way of Recommendations 143
Notes and References 151
Index 161
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