Economic Reform and the Poor in Africa

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This book examines policy responses to the economic crises faced by most African countries in the 1980s, focusing on the contentious issue of whether the poor are hurt by economic policies designed to restore macroeconomic stability, reinvigorate markets, and rationalize resource allocation. The contributors to this volume employ empirical methods to separate the effects of the economic crises that induced countries to begin to adjust from the impact of the eoconomic reforms themselves. With these models, they examine the impact of specific policy reforms—under the broad headings of trade and exchange rate policy, fiscal poliocy, and agricultural sector policy—in specific country concepts. The countries covered are Cameroon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Tanzania, and Zaire.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780198290353
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 8/28/1996
  • Pages: 504
  • Lexile: 1530L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.31 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Contributors
List of Tables
List of Figures
1 Economic Reform and Poverty: An Overview 3
2 Rents and Exchange Rates: Redistribution through Trade Liberalization in Madagascar 29
3 Vulnerability to Price Shocks under Alternative Policies in Cameroon 62
4 Macroeconomic Policies and Household Welfare in Tanzania 104
5 Terms of Trade and the Real Exchange Rate in the CFA Zone: Implications for Income Distribution in Niger 147
6 Labor Market Consequences of Retrenchment for Civil Servants in Ghana 185
7 Life after Public Sector Job Loss in Guinea 203
8 Estimating Tax Incidence in Ghana using Household Data 231
9 Growth Linkages in Madagascar: Implications for Development Strategies 254
10 Sectoral Investment Priorities for Renewed Growth in Zaire 277
11 Perpetuating Poverty for Malawi's Smallholders: External Shocks and Policy Distortions 311
12 Market Liberalization and the Role of Food Aid in Mozambique 339
13 Do Cheap Imports Harm the Poor? Rural-Urban Tradeoffs in Guinea 366
14 More than just Peanuts (Groundnuts): Aid Flows and Policy Reform in The Gambia 398
15 Price Movements and Economic Reform in Ghana: Implications for Food Security 436
Index 475
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