Economics and the Philosophy of Science / Edition 1

Economics and the Philosophy of Science / Edition 1

by Deborah A. Redman
     
 

Economists and other social scientists in this century have often supported economic arguments by referring to positions taken by philosophers of science. This important new book examines the reliability of this practice, while providing economists, social scientists, and historians with the necessary background to discuss methodological matters with authority. Redman… See more details below

Overview

Economists and other social scientists in this century have often supported economic arguments by referring to positions taken by philosophers of science. This important new book examines the reliability of this practice, while providing economists, social scientists, and historians with the necessary background to discuss methodological matters with authority. Redman presents an accurate, critical, yet neutral survey of the modern philosophy of science from the Vienna Circle to the present, focusing particularly on logical positivism, sociological explanations of science (Polanyi, Fleck, Kuhn), the Popper family, and the history of science.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195082746
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
05/28/1993
Edition description:
FACSIMILE
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.19(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

Part IPhilosophy of Science: Rationality, Growth, Ignorance, Objectivity, and Criticism
1.The Problems3
2.The Decline of Logical Positivism7
3.The Pendulum Swings in the Other Direction: Sociological Explanations in Science12
Michael Polanyi: Personal and Tacit Knowledge12
Ludwik Fleck: Denkkollektiv and Denkstil14
Thomas Kuhn's Scientific Revolutions16
4.The Popperian School27
Sir Karl Popper27
Hume's Problem, or the Problem of Induction29
Critical Rationalism and the Tie to Falsification29
Why Falsification Fails32
Imre Lakatos: Metaphysics Transformed into the Methodology of Scientific Research Programs35
The Revival of the Duhem Thesis38
Behind the Methodology of Scientific Research Programs39
Paul Feyerabend, the "Dadasoph,"44
"Anything Goes!" and Proliferation45
What Feyerabend is Actually Against is Modern Education48
Why Feyerabend is Really a "Rationalist in Disguise," or Why Feyerabend Doesn't Deserve to be a "Darling of the Left,"49
Dadasophia or Dadasophistry?50
William Bartley: Pancritical Rationalism53
5.Whither the History of Science?77
History and the Philosophy of Science77
Stephen Toulmin79
Norwood Russell Hanson81
6.Conclusions85
Part IIEconomics and the Philosophy of Science
7.Philosophy's Influence on Economics: Early Exchanges91
8.Sir Karl Popper's Philosophy of the Social Sciences: A Disjointed Whole103
Economics: Queen of the Social Science104
The Polemical Element: The Case Against Historicism108
Rationality and Situational Logic111
Why Falsification in Economics Fails116
The Neglected Messages: Clarity and Criticism as Objective Method129
9.Lakatos and Kuhn: Science as Consensus142
Why Economicus Academicus Chose Lakatos as His Darling144
Semantics Revisited: How "Paradigm" and "Research Program" Have Come to Mean Anything and Everything144
Paradigms and SRPs Applied145
The Drive to Be "Normal Scientists,"146
How "Normal" are Economists?150
Why no Normal Scientist Would Ever Want to be Either "Normal" or "Revolutionary,"151
A Short Digression on the Development of Economics as a Profession152
Communis Opinio Doctorum167
Appendix IA Short History of the Is-Ought Problem181
Appendix IIEconomists Whose First Work or Works Deal with Methodological and/or Philosophical Topics184
Bibliography186
Author Index235
Subject Index244

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