Economists and Societies: Discipline and Profession in the United States, Britain, and France, 1890s to 1990s

Economists and Societies: Discipline and Profession in the United States, Britain, and France, 1890s to 1990s

by Marion Fourcade
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0691148031

ISBN-13: 9780691148038

Pub. Date: 08/02/2010

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Economists and Societies is the first book to systematically compare the profession of economics in the United States, Britain, and France, and to explain why economics, far from being a uniform science, differs in important ways among these three countries. Drawing on in-depth interviews with economists, institutional analysis, and a wealth of scholarly

Overview

Economists and Societies is the first book to systematically compare the profession of economics in the United States, Britain, and France, and to explain why economics, far from being a uniform science, differs in important ways among these three countries. Drawing on in-depth interviews with economists, institutional analysis, and a wealth of scholarly evidence, Marion Fourcade traces the history of economics in each country from the late nineteenth century to the present, demonstrating how each political, cultural, and institutional context gave rise to a distinct professional and disciplinary configuration. She argues that because the substance of political life varied from country to country, people's experience and understanding of the economy, and their political and intellectual battles over it, crystallized in different ways—through scientific and mercantile professionalism in the United States, public-minded elitism in Britain, and statist divisions in France. Fourcade moves past old debates about the relationship between culture and institutions in the production of expert knowledge to show that scientific and practical claims over the economy in these three societies arose from different elites with different intellectual orientations, institutional entanglements, and social purposes.

Much more than a history of the economics profession, Economists and Societies is a revealing exploration of American, French, and British society and culture as seen through the lens of their respective economic institutions and the distinctive character of their economic experts.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691148038
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
08/02/2010
Series:
Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology Series
Pages:
384
Sales rank:
1,347,940
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures vii

List of Tables ix

Preface xi

List of Abbreviations xix

Introduction: Economics and Society 1

Three Trajectories 7

Critical Organized Comparisons 12

National Constellations 15

The Dialectical Relationship between Culture and Economics 28

Chapter 1 Institutional Logics in Comparative Perspective 31

Federal Constitutionalism in America 32

The Rise and Fall of British Elitism 40

The Transformations of French Statism 50

Institutional Complementarities and the Coherence of Social Life 59

Chapter 2 The United States: Merchant Professionals 61

Forms of Academic Entrenchment 63

The Meaning of Science in American Economics 77

The Academic Roots of Public Expertise 96

The Economics Industry 114

American Economists, from Professional Scientism to Scientific Professionalism 125

Chapter 3 Britain: Public-Minded Elites 129

A Late but Extensive Institutionalization 131

The Scientific and Moral Transformation of British Economics 148

Administrators and Specialists 163

Economic Persuasion 175

The Waning High Culture of British Economics 183

Chapter 4 France: Statist Divisions 185

A Fragmented Academicization 187

The Nationalization of Economic Expertise 203

The "Administrative Economists" 215

The Missing Private Jurisdiction 225

Economists as Intellectuals, Intellectuals as Economists 230

The Segmented Worlds of French Economics 234

Conclusion: Economists and Societies 237

The Social Structures of Economics in Comparative Perspective 241

Contribution of a Sociology of Economic Knowledge to Economic Sociology 261

Appendix 263

Notes 269

References 315

Index 369

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >