Economy and Nature in the Fourteenth Century: Money, Market Exchange, and the Emergence of Scientific Thought

Economy and Nature in the Fourteenth Century: Money, Market Exchange, and the Emergence of Scientific Thought

by Joel Kaye
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521572762

ISBN-13: 9780521572767

Pub. Date: 09/28/2014

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Historians of medieval science have hesitated to step outside the sphere of intellectual culture in their search for factors influencing proto-scientific thought. This book searches for influences both within and beyond university culture, and argues that the transformation of the conceptual model of the natural world c. 1260-1380 was strongly influenced by the…  See more details below

Overview

Historians of medieval science have hesitated to step outside the sphere of intellectual culture in their search for factors influencing proto-scientific thought. This book searches for influences both within and beyond university culture, and argues that the transformation of the conceptual model of the natural world c. 1260-1380 was strongly influenced by the contemporary rapid monetization of European society.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521572767
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
09/28/2014
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought: Fourth Series, #35
Pages:
285
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.02(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction1
1The Economic Background: Monetization and Monetary Consciousness in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries15
2The Aristotelian Model of Money and Economic Exchange37
Mathematics and the geometry of exchange40
Equality, the mean, and equalization in exchange45
Money as medium and as measure46
Relation and the relativity of value in exchange47
The social geometry of monetized society50
Negative attitudes toward money and exchange52
3The Earliest Latin Commentaries on the Aristotelian Model of Economic Exchange: Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas56
Mathematics and the geometry of exchange58
Equality, the mean, and equalization in exchange64
Money as medium and as measure65
Relation and the relativity of value in exchange68
The social geometry of monetized society70
Common valuation in exchange72
A problem introduced by the early commentaries76
4Models of Economic Equality and Equalization in the Thirteenth Century79
Equality in usury theory80
Equality in just price theory and market exchange87
Two models of economic equalization: Henry of Ghent and Godfrey of Fontaines101
5Evolving Models of Money and Market Exchange in the Late Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries116
Equality, the mean, and equalization in exchange116
Mathematics and the geometry of exchange133
Money as medium and as measure137
Relation and the relativity of value in exchange147
Common valuation in exchange152
The social geometry of monetized society158
6Linking the Scholastic Model of Money as Measure to Proto-Scientific Innovations in Fourteenth-Century Natural Philosophy163
Money as medium and as measure170
7Linking Scholastic Models of Monetized Exchange to Innovations in Fourteenth-Century Mathematics and Natural Philosophy200
The social geometry of monetized society201
Mathematics and the geometry of exchange210
Equality, the mean, and equalization in exchange220
Common valuation in exchange229
Relation and the relativity of value in exchange231
Bibliography247
Index267

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