Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands / Edition 1

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This book deals with arid and semi-arid environments and their classification, and the physiological restraints and adaptations of plants to the environment. Further, it discusses economic botany and the needs and methods of conserving economic plants. A broad view is taken regarding the definition of economic plants, taking into account their value to the environment as well as to man and to livesk. The individual deserts and associated semi-arid regions are described in separate chapters, providing background information on the regional environments in terms of climate and major plant formations. The economic plants within these formations, their usages, geographical distribution together with their morphological and physiological adaptations are treated in detail.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783540521716
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 9/2/1998
  • Series: Adaptations of Desert Organisms Series
  • Edition description: 1998
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 358
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.81 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Economic Plants, and Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of the World 1
1.1 Economic Botany 1
2 The Arid and Semi-Arid Environments of the World 5
2.1 The Environment 5
3 Arid and Semi-arid Regions and Ecosystems of the World 17
3.1 Saharo-Sindian Region 17
3.2 Horn of Africa 40
3.3 Southern Africa 42
3.4 South-Western Malagasy 48
3.5 Middle East 49
3.6 Central Asia 53
3.7 Arid Lands of China 58
3.8 Australia 65
3.9 North and Central America 73
3.10 Brazilian Caatinga 91
4 Ecophysiology, Nitrogen-Fixation and Plant Stress 105
4.1 Ecophysiology 105
4.2 Nitrogen-Fixation 106
4.3 Restraints and Adaptations of Plants to Arid Environments 108
5 Water Stress 111
5.1 Drought-Resistant Species 112
5.2 Drought-Tolerant Species 120
6 Temperature Stress 123
6.1 High Temperature Stress 123
6.2 Low Temperature Stress 127
7 Salt Stress 131
8 Photosynthesis 137
8.1 C[subscript 3] and C[subscript 4] Photosynthetic Pathways 137
8.2 Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) 139
9 Plant Metabolites 141
10 Anatomical and Morphological Adaptations 145
10.1 General Anatomical and Morphological Adaptations 146
10.2 Cushion Plants 153
10.3 Non-succulents 155
10.4 Succulents 158
11 Selected Arid Land Plants: Their Ecophysiology and Uses 161
References 273
Taxonomic Indices 297
Subject Index 335
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