Ecosystem Services from Agriculture and Agroforestry: Measurement and Payment [NOOK Book]

Overview

Agricultural systems are no longer evaluated solely on the basis of the food they provide, but also on their capacity to limit impacts on the environment, such as soil conservation, water quality and biodiversity conservation, as well as their contribution to mitigating and adapting to climate change. In order to cope with these multiple service functions, they must internalize the costs and benefits of their environmental impact. Payments for ...
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Ecosystem Services from Agriculture and Agroforestry: Measurement and Payment

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Overview

Agricultural systems are no longer evaluated solely on the basis of the food they provide, but also on their capacity to limit impacts on the environment, such as soil conservation, water quality and biodiversity conservation, as well as their contribution to mitigating and adapting to climate change. In order to cope with these multiple service functions, they must internalize the costs and benefits of their environmental impact. Payments for ecosystem services are hoped to encourage and promote sustainable practices via financial incentives.

The authors show that while the principle is straightforward, the practice is much more complicated. Whereas scenic beauty and protection of water sources provide benefits to the local population, carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation can be considered international public goods, rendering potential payment schemes more complex. Few examples exist where national or international bodies have been able to set up viable mechanisms that compensate agricultural systems for the environmental services they provide. However this book provides several examples of successful programs, and aims to transfer them to other regions of the world. The authors show that a product can be sold if it is clearly quantified, there exists a means to determine the service's values, and there is a willing buyer.

The first two sections of the book present methodological issues related to the quantification and marketing of ecosystem services from agriculture, including agroforestry. The third and final section presents case studies of practical payments for ecosystem services and experiences in Central and South America, and draws some lessons learnt for effective and sustainable development of ecosystem services compensation mechanisms.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781136537608
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 6/25/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 400
  • File size: 9 MB

Table of Contents

Introduction: Ecosystem Services from Agriculture and Agroforestry: Measurement and Payment

Part I: Measuring Ecosystem Services
1.1 Principles and Methods for Assessing the Ecosystem Service of Climate Change Mitigation in Agroecosystems
1.2 Quantifying Services and Identifying Watershed Priority Areas for Soil and Water Conservation Programs
1.3 Measuring Biodiversity from Farm to Landscape Scales
1.4 Ecological Mechanisms for Pest and Disease Control in Coffee and Cacao Agroecosystems of the Neotropics
1.5 Services from Plant-pollinator Interactions in the Neotropics
1.6 Ecological Indices as a Tool to Monitor the Provision of Environmental Services in Agricultural Landscapes: the Experience of the GEF-Silvopastoril Project in Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Colombia.

Part II: Marketing Ecosystem Services
2.1 Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Supplying Hydrological Ecosystem Services for Municipal Drinking Water Systems
2.2 The Value of Biodiversity in Ecosystems
2.3 A Functional Anatomy of the Carbon Markets
2.4 How to Bring the Forestry Project Idea to the Carbon Market
2.5 Certification Processes in the Coffee Value Chain: Achievements and Limits to Foster Provision of Environmental Services
2.6 Learning to Implement Payments for Environmental Services, the Costa Rican Experience
2.7 Comparison of PES and Ecolabeling, as Mechanisms to Maintain or Promote the Provision of Environmental Services by Agriculture in a Sustainable Development Perspective

Part III: From Theory to Practice: Tales of Success and Lessons Learned
3.1 Sustainability of PES by Joining Local Funding Mechanisms to Current International Funding: Awareness Factors Influencing Funding Flow
3.2 Payment for Environmental Services, Perfecting an Imperfect Market, Building Environmental Solutions
3.3 PES in Mexico, Targeting and Multi Criteria Monitoring
3.4 Lessons Learned from Payment of Environmental Services to Promote the Adoption of Silvopastoral Systems in Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Colombia.
3.5 Securing the Continuous Supply of Drinking Water in a Territory Requires Concerted Actions; a Case Study in Copan Ruinas, Honduras
3.6 Potentials and Pitfalls of the Growing Field of Compensating-Rewarding Ecosystem Services

Conclusion: PES, a Novel Instrument to Secure the Provision of Environmental Services, or to Improve the Livelihoods of Service Providers, or Both... or None?

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