The Ecuador Reader: History, Culture, Politics

The Ecuador Reader: History, Culture, Politics

by Carlos de la Torre
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0822343525

ISBN-13: 9780822343523

Pub. Date: 01/16/2009

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Encompassing Amazonian rainforests, Andean peaks, coastal lowlands, and the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador’s geography is notably diverse. So too are its history, culture, and politics, all of which are examined from many perspectives in The Ecuador Reader. Spanning the years before the arrival of the Spanish in the early 1500s to the present, this

Overview

Encompassing Amazonian rainforests, Andean peaks, coastal lowlands, and the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador’s geography is notably diverse. So too are its history, culture, and politics, all of which are examined from many perspectives in The Ecuador Reader. Spanning the years before the arrival of the Spanish in the early 1500s to the present, this rich anthology addresses colonialism, independence, the nation’s integration into the world economy, and its tumultuous twentieth century. Interspersed among forty-eight written selections are more than three dozen images.

The voices and creations of Ecuadorian politicians, writers, artists, scholars, activists, and journalists fill the Reader, from José María Velasco Ibarra, the nation’s ultimate populist and five-time president, to Pancho Jaime, a political satirist; from Julio Jaramillo, a popular twentieth-century singer, to anonymous indigenous women artists who produced ceramics in the 1500s; and from the poems of Afro-Ecuadorians, to the fiction of the vanguardist Pablo Palacio, to a recipe for traditional Quiteño-style shrimp. The Reader includes an interview with Nina Pacari, the first indigenous woman elected to Ecuador’s national assembly, and a reflection on how to balance tourism with the protection of the Galápagos Islands’ magnificent ecosystem. Complementing selections by Ecuadorians, many never published in English, are samples of some of the best writing on Ecuador by outsiders, including an account of how an indigenous group with non-Inca origins came to see themselves as definitively Incan, an exploration of the fascination with the Andes from the 1700s to the present, chronicles of the less-than-exemplary behavior of U.S. corporations in Ecuador, an examination of Ecuadorians’ overseas migration, and a look at the controversy surrounding the selection of the first black Miss Ecuador.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822343523
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
01/16/2009
Series:
The Latin America Readers
Pages:
480
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments....................ix
Introduction....................1
I Conquest and Colonial Rule....................9
Tamara Bray. Ecuador's Pre-columbian Past....................15
Frank Salomon. Ancestors, Grave Robbers, and the Possible Antecedents of Cañari "Inca-ism"....................27
Susan V. Webster. Building a Life in Colonial Quito: José Jaime Ortiz, Architect and Entrepreneur....................40
Sherwin K. Bryant. Finding Freedom: Slavery in Colonial Ecuador....................52
Karen Vieira Powers. A Battle of Wills: Inventing Chiefly Legitimacy in the Colonial North Andes....................68
Sarah C. Chambers. Manuela Sáenz: Americana or Quiteña?....................79
Blanca Muratorio. The State, Missionaries, and Native Consciousness in the Upper Amazon, 1767-1896....................86
II A New Nation....................99
Andrés Guerrero. The Construction of a Ventriloquist's Image: Liberal Discourse and the "Miserable Indian Race" in the Late Nineteenth Century....................103
Friedrich Hassaurek. Four Years among the Ecuadorians....................117
Juan Montalvo. Selection from Juan Montalvo (1832-1889)....................121
A. Kim Clark. Railway and Nation in Liberal Ecuador....................126
Ronn Pineo. Guayaquil and Coastal Ecuador during the Cacao Era....................136
Rob Rachowiecki. Mountaineering on the Equator: A Historical Perspective....................148
III The Rise of the Popular....................155
Albert B. Franklin. Portrait of a People....................159
José María Velasco Ibarra. You are not my President....................163
Raphael V. Lasso. The Wonderland....................167
Jorge Icaza. Patrón and Peon on an Andean Hacienda....................169
Pablo Palacio. The man Who Was Kicked to death....................175
Henri Michaux. The Indian's Cabin....................182
José María Velasco Ibarra. "Heroic Pueblo of Guayaquil"....................185
IV Global Currents....................189
Galo Plaza Lasso. Two Experiments in Education for Democracy....................193
Adrián Bonilla. The Origins of the Ecuadorian Left....................200
Carmen Martínez Novo. The Progressive Catholic Church and the Indigenous Movement in Ecuador....................203
Salomon Isacovici and Juan Manuel Rodríguez. Man Of Ashes....................209
Pablo Cuvi. Men of the Rails and of the Sea....................218
Jean Muteba Rahier. Creolization and African Diaspora Cultures: The Case of the Afro-Esmeraldian Décimas....................226
Hernán Ibarra. Julio Jaramillo and Music as Identity....................237
Steve Striffler. The United Fruit Company's Legacy in Ecuador....................239
Tom Miller. The Panama Hat Trail....................250
Diane C. Bates. Deforestation in Ecuador....................257
Carlos de la Torre. Civilization and Barbarism....................267
Felipe Burbano de Lara. Deinstitutionalized Democracy....................271
V Domination and Struggle....................277
Carlos de la Torre. Nina Pacari, an Interview....................279
Sarah A. Radcliffe. Women's Movements in Twentieth-century Ecuador....................284
Pablo Ospina. The Galápagos: Environmental Pressures and Social Opportunities....................297
Norman E. Whitten Jr. Emerald Freedom: "With Pride in the Face of the Sun"....................302
Suzana Sawyer. Suing Chevron Texaco....................321
Dorothea Scott Whitten. Arts of Amazonian and Andean Women....................329
VI Cultures and Identities Redefined....................337
Jean Muteba Rahier. National Identity and the First Black Miss Ecuador (1995-96)....................341
Brad D. Jokisch and David Kyle. Ecuadorian International Migration....................350
Mary J. Weismantel. Cities of Women....................359
Noemí Espinosa. Traditional Foods of Ecuador....................371
Rudi Colloredo-Mansfeld. Globalization from Below and The Political Turn among Otavalo's Merchant Artisans....................377
X. Andrade. Pancho Jaime....................385
Javier Vásconez. Big Angel, My Love....................388
María Fernanda Espinosa. Nature and Humanity through Poetry....................396
Barry Lyons, with Angel Aranda and Dina Guevara. "Simple People"....................403
Iván Oñate. The Writings of Iván Oñate....................415
Suggestions for Further Reading....................419
Acknowledgment of Copyrights....................423
Index....................427

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