Education and Democratic Citizenship in America / Edition 1

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Overview

Norman H. Nie, Jane Junn, and Kenneth Stehlik-Barry explore in this volume the causal relationships between education and democratic citizenship. They argue that citizenship encompasses both political engagement in pursuit of political interests as well as commitment to democratic values that temper what citizens are willing to do to win in politics. Education affects these two dimensions in distinct ways, influencing democratic enlightenment through cognitive proficiency and sophistication, and political engagement through position in social networks. For characteristics of enlightenment, formal education simply adds to the degree to which citizens support and are knowledgeable about democratic principles. But for political engagement, education orders the distribution of social position and connections, creating an inherently uneven political playing field. The authors develop and test this model with data from the 1990 Citizen Participation Study, along with pooled cross-sectional survey data from the National Election Study and the General Social Survey over the last quarter-century. Despite a dramatic increase in educational attainment over this time period, political engagement has not risen at a commensurate level. Instead, as society becomes more educated, it takes more and more education to reach a position in the social hierarchy that facilitates political engagement. Alternatively, the same increases in education in the American mass public have produced a more tolerant and informed citizenry.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The first comprehensive study in English of Brazil's Pantanal of Mato Grosso, the largest wetlands in the world and home for an amazing variety of plant and animal life. Por (evolution and ecology, The Hebrew U. of Jerusalem) does a great service by presenting this volume as the Pantanal's bordering countries seek to open a waterway at the Rio Paraguay which will, of course, affect this environmentally rich area. The author provides a history of its discovery by the Europeans, and slides up the evolutionary scale by presenting information on the Pantanal's geological data, climate, hydrochemistry, aquatic vegetation, terrestrial vegetation, aquatic meiofauna, fisheries, herpetofauna, avifauna, mammmals, and humans. The final sections regarding environmental issues and ecotourism are of particular value to readers interested in nature conservancy. Includes maps, illustrations, and photographs which are beautiful even in poorly produced black and white. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226583891
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 11/28/1996
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 290
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Jane Junn is professor of political science at the University of Southern California. She is coauthor of Education and Democratic Citizenship in America.
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Table of Contents

Figures and Tables
1 Education and Democratic Citizenship in America: Enlightened Political Engagement 1
2 Enlightened Political Engagement: Characteristics of Democratic Citizenship and Their Relationship to Education 11
3 What Links Education to Enlightened Political Engagement? Cognitive and Positional Pathways 39
4 Integrating and Testing the Model 59
5 Confirming the Enlightenment and Political Engagement Dimensions 81
6 Reconceptualizing Educational Effects 97
7 Education and Democratic Citizenship from the 1970's to the 1990's: Defining and Operationalizing the Measures 111
8 Testing Educational Effects Over Time 131
9 Absolute and Relative Education in Synchronic Studies: Application to Cross-Sectional Surveys 167
10 Education and Democratic Citizenship in Other Nations: An Exploratory Comparative Analysis 177
11 The Future of Education and Democratic Citizenship: Some Implications of Our Findings 187
App. A 1990 Citizen Participation Study Questions 197
App. B Weighting Procedures for the 1990 Citizen Participation Study Data 215
App. C Basic Model by Race and Gender 217
App. D Creating the Political Engagement and Enlightenment Scales 221
App. E Nonrecursive Specifications 225
App. F Educational Environment and Relative Education Measures 227
App. G Documentation of the Over Time Data 235
App. H Documentation of Unreported Coefficients 239
Bibliography 249
Index 263
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