Education And Independence

Overview

Public education can be one of the most powerful tools at the disposal of a government wanting to maintain power, as it is the realm in which children are taught the social values and norms that will sustain the culture when they become adults. In South Africa, education was kept separate, unequal, and decidedly undemocratic, and as Hlatshwayo explains, it was used specifically to preserve and perpetuate inequality. In a work designed for historians and education professionals alike, he examines the tumultuous ...

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Overview

Public education can be one of the most powerful tools at the disposal of a government wanting to maintain power, as it is the realm in which children are taught the social values and norms that will sustain the culture when they become adults. In South Africa, education was kept separate, unequal, and decidedly undemocratic, and as Hlatshwayo explains, it was used specifically to preserve and perpetuate inequality. In a work designed for historians and education professionals alike, he examines the tumultuous and highly politicized history of South African education and evaluates the prospects for its hopefully nonracialized future.

Hlatshwayo begins with a look at the socioeconomic and political structure (dating back as far as 1658) that allowed for South Africa's use of education as a tool of hegemony and follows this with a critical analysis of the educational system—its goals, objectives, organizational structure, and resistance thereto. Finally, drawing from the educational policy statements of the United Democratic Front (UDF) and the African National Congress (ANC), he proposes a democratic educational system for South Africa—something that, as he makes clear in this provocative and challenging work, has been an anathema for centuries to a government that had as its primary goal the subjugation of the majority of its citizens. Using an array of sociological and economic models, Hlatshwayo reveals the ways in which a society's educational system and its struggle toward freedom are inextricable.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Analyzing the association of education and hegemony in South African education, Hlatshwayo (education, Africana, and Latino studies, State U. of New York-Oneonta) explores the history of the apartheid education system, how "Bantu Education" preserved and perpetuated the inequalities in South Africa, prospects for a nonracial and democratic education in South Africa, and how such improvements can be accomplished. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Meet the Author

SIMPHIWE A. HLATSHWAYO graduated from the University of Zululand in South Africa. He came to the United States in 1978 and graduated from the State University of New York, Oneonta, with a Bachelor's Degree in Economics. He earned a Master of Arts Degree in International Affairs at Ohio University in 1983 and a Doctor of Philosophy in Curriculum and Instruction in 1991 from the same university. He had been Assistant Professor of Education and Political Science at Alma College, Michigan, and Assistant Professor of Education at Binghamton University (SUNY). Most recently he was Professor of Education, Africana and Latino Studies at SUNY Oneonta.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction 1
1 Education and the Economy 13
2 Education in South Africa: 1658-1948 27
3 Bantu Education 53
4 Schools and the Political Struggle: 1960-1988 69
5 Education and Democracy 103
References 121
Index 131
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