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Raymond Callahan's lively study exposes the alarming lengths to which school administrators went, particularly in the period from 1910 to 1930, in sacrificing educational goals to the demands of business procedures. He suggests that even today the question still asked is: "How can we operate our schools?" Society has not yet learned to ask: "How can we provide an excellent education for our children?"
1. The Prelude 1900-1910
The Schools in a Business Society Setting the Stage for the Efficiency Expert
2. Reform-Conscious America Discovers the Efficiency Expert The Principles of Scientific Management The Mechanisms of Scientific Management
Schmidt, Pig Iron, and First-Class Men
3. Criticism and Response in the Early Years of the Efficiency Era Mounting Criticism of Education 1911-13
The Vulnerability of School Administrators Administrators Respond to the Demands of Efficiency
4. American Educators Apply the Great Panacea The Dollar as Educational Criterion Management and the Worker in Education
5. The Educational Efficiency Experts in Action Efficiency Measures for the Schools The School Survey The Unavailing Dissent
6. The "Factory System" in Education—the Platoon School The Gary Plan and Scientific Management The New York Story A Question of Motive
7. Instruction Follows Accounting Demonstrating Efficiency through Records and Reports Educational Cost Accounting The Education Balance Sheet and Child Accounting Binding Education in Red Tape
8. A New Profession Takes Form The Captains of Education The Study of Educational Administration in the Universities The Education of the School "Executive"
The Insecurity Down Below Seeking Security Through Professional "Expertness"
The New Profession—the School Executive
9. Efficiency's Progeny Selling the Schools to the Public The Educational Service Station Mass Production in Education The Descent into Trivia
10. An American Tragedy in Education The Great Diffusion America Reaps the Whirlwind A Look Ahead Index