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*How should education be organized in pluralistic and multicultural societies?
*What are the roles in education of civil society, markets, governments, and the family?
*How can the idea of the civil society help to reorient education policy discussions that are sometimes stuck in either-or juxtapositions of "market versus government" or "individualism versus communitarianism?"
*What are some of the traditions of civil society—across countries and across history—that educators and policymakers today can revive or build on?
These questions are at the center of this book. Its goal is to understand how we can accommodate cultural, ethnic, and religious pluralism in a political and conceptual framework that is sufficiently flexible to combine choice with equity, a commitment to a shared civil and political culture with openness to exploring and affirming the distinct ethnicity, race, creed, or culture of different groups.
To address these questions, the authors take up the notion of the civil society, an idea that has experienced a popular and scholarly revival in recent years as numerous citizens, action groups, political philosophers, and social scientists make the case that only a democratic civil society can sustain a democratic state. The implications of this development for education have to date been very little explored. This book is a step toward addressing this gap.
Going beyond simple juxtapositions of "market versus government" in education reform, the book as a whole develops an integrative perspective informed by the idea of the civil society. It combines current policy issues with a look at their historical development, and evaluates U.S. educational policy in the context of a range of international cases. The authors—education scholars, sociologists, economists, historians, and philosophers— explore from diverse disciplinary, political, and philosophical points of view, the potential of the civil society and civic associations for education. At the same time, they share the hope that a thorough reconsideration of the role of the state, the market, and the civil society will help to energize ongoing experiments with charter schools, voucher schemes, and a variety of other plans to increase educational and school autonomy.
Contents: Preface. H-D. Meyer, W.L. Boyd, Civil Society, Pluralism, and Education—Introduction and Overview. H-D. Meyer, Civil Society and Education—The Return of an Idea. K.A. Strike, Civil Society and Schooling: Particularistic Voices and Public Space. I. Richter, The Idea of an Education Mix: A Proposal to Strengthen Civil Society and Education in Germany. A. Dijkstra, J. Dronkers, Church, State, and Civil Society: The Netherlands' System of Schooling. G. Walford, The State and the Civil Society in Education in England: Past Developments and Current Problems. J. Herbst, Schools Between State and Civil Society in Germany and the United States: A Historical Perspective. H-D. Meyer, Educational Autonomy in a Civil Society: A Model of Checks and Balances. B.S. Cooper, E.V. Randall, Vouchers: Still (Largely) Untested and Why. M. Weiss, Education and the Third Sector: A Critical View. D.J. Brown, School Voluntarism, Social Capital, and Civil Society. W.L. Boyd, Balancing the State, Markets, and Civil Society in Education Reform: Trends and Issues in England and the United States. K. Mundy, L. Murphy, Beyond the Nation-State: Educational Contention in Global Civil Society.