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Education: The Practice and Profession of Teaching / Edition 5

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Overview

With cases in every chapter that bring readers into the real world of teaching, this widely admired text integrates the core foundations of education with case-based analysis, practical examples of technology in the classroom, and personal encounters with diversity.

Now more than ever teachers are being held accountable for results achieved by their students; now more than ever new teachers must be true education professionals, with a wide grasp of teaching knowledge and the ability to use it to solve real problems. This exciting edition of Education: The Practice and Profession of Teaching melds comprehensive coverage of foundations topics with practical guidance on learning and instruction, and a wealth of insights into how authentic schools, classrooms, and educational systems function.

Unique Features:

  • Case Studies open every chapter with authentic dilemmas faced by practicing and prospective teachers.
  • Case Perspectives at the end of each chapter offer responses to those dilemmas from professional educators, as well as an opportunity for readers to craft their own responses.
  • Teachers and the Law boxes explore the legal context of teaching.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205608171
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/17/2008
  • Series: Pearson Custom Education Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 658,652
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface.

I. TEACHING FROM THE INSIDE OUT

1. A Teacher’s Role

Case Study: Investigating Professionalism

Is Teaching a Profession?

Teaching Is a Profession

Teaching Is a Semiprofession

How Are Views of Teaching Changing?

A View of Teaching as Basic Professional Competence: INTASC

Technology in Practice: Thinking and Behaving Like a Professional

What Career Issues Do Beginning Teachers Face?

Teacher Licensure

Availability of Jobs

Teacher Salaries

How Are Teachers Evaluated?

Competency Testing

Performance Evaluations of Teachers

Portfolios

National Teacher Examinations: The Praxis Series™

How Are Teachers Supported and Rewarded?

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

Mentoring Programs

Career Ladders and Merit Pay

National Certification

How Do Teachers Demonstrate Professional Leadership?

Advanced College Degrees

Working with Professional Organizations

Teachers and the Law: Must Teachers Pay Dues to Teachers’ Unions?

Meeting the Challenges of Professional Practice

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Choosing a Teaching Path

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

2. Challenges Teachers and Schools Face

Case Study: School Violence

What Are Society’s Expectations for Schools?

How Does Poverty Place Students at Risk of School Failure?

How Can Schools Intervene to Help Students at Risk?

Providing Early Intervention Programs

Keeping Students in School

Providing Compensatory Education

Providing Before- and After-School Programs

Providing Mentors and Tutors

Using the Arts to Engage Children

How Can Schools Get Parents Involved in Their Children’s Education?

Implementing Parental Involvement Programs

Teachers and the Law: What rights and responsibilities do teachers have in protecting students’ online privacy?

Providing Family Services through Full-Service Schools

How Can Schools Reduce Risks That Threaten Children’s Health and Safety?

Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect

Preventing and Curing Childhood Obesity

Technology in Practice: Stopping Online Predators

Issues in School Reform: No Name-Calling

Preventing the Spread of AIDS and Other Communicable Diseases

Preventing Suicide and Accidental Injury or Death

Preventing School Violence

Preventing Substance Abuse

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: The Achievement Gap

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

3. The Richness of Classroom Cultures

Case Study: Is Some Curriculum Discriminatory?

What Is Diversity?

Culture

Race and Ethnicity

What Other Concepts Define Diversity?

From the Perspective of Immigrants

From the Perspective of Being a Language Minority or Bilingual Person

Voices Pro and Con: Bias in the African American Community

From the Perspective of Gender

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

From the Perspective of Exceptionality

From the Perspective of Sexual Orientation

What Is Multicultural Education?

Teaching the Culturally Different

Human Relations Approaches

Single-Group Studies

Multicultural Approaches

Education That Is Multicultural and Social Reconstructionist

What Types of Multicultural Education Curricula Exist and How Are They Evaluated?

Accountability Issues

Technology in Practice: Countering Prejudice

How Are Educational Services Adapted for Students with Exceptionalities?

Delivering Services to Students with Disabilities

Issues in School Reform: Serving Children with Special Needs Through Inclusion

Delivering Services to Gifted and Talented Students

How Can Teachers Create Culturally Relevant Classrooms?

Cultural Mismatches

Responsive Instruction

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: One Immigrant’s Success Story

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

TIMELINE: Historical and Philosophical Touchstones in Education

DEVELOPING A PROFESSIONAL PORTFOLIO: Digital Portfolios

ONLINE ACTIVITY: The Learning Network

II. OUR EDUCATIONAL HERITAGE

4. Education in America : The Early Years

Case Study: The Long Shadow of History

Which Europeans Influenced Early Education?

Comenius: Value of Structure

Locke and Rousseau: Enlightened Views

Pestalozzi: Encouraging Development

Froebel: Start Early

How Did Informal Education Develop Before the Civil War?

Education in the Southern Colonies

Voices Pro and Con: Competition or Cooperation?

Education in the Middle Atlantic Colonies

Education in the New England Colonies

A National View of Education

What Were the Aims of Education?

The Role of Religion

Teachers and the Law: How Free Are Teachers to Practice Their Religion?

Industry Affects Education

Education for Slaves

Education for Native Americans

Education in Spain’s American Colonies

Education for Women

Education for People with Disabilities

How Did Formal Education Develop in America Before the Civil War?

Life in Colonial Schools

Curricula

Issues in School Reform: Children’s Books Have Staying Power

Recognizing Educational Success and Failure

The Monitorial Method and the American Lyceum

The Latin School and the English Academy: No Girls Allowed

Early Ideas of Public Education

Leaders in the Movement for Universal Education

Technology in Practice: Turn on, Tune In–Leap for Joy!

The Development of Parochial Schools

The Growth of Institutions of Higher Education

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Eliza Pinckney

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

5. Education in America : Then and Now

Case Study: Where Do I Fit?

How Did Educational Life Change After the Civil War?

Ending Slavery and Reconstructing the South

We Need Educational and Social Reform

Science and Philanthropy Combine to Education

Learning from Mass Media

Federal Influence on Education

Teachers and the Law: Has NCLB Changed the Rules on Prayer in Public School?

Who Are “We the People?”’

Native Americans

European Americans

African Americans

Technology in Practice: Accessing History

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

Hispanic Americans

Asian Americans

Voices Pro and Con: Illegal Immigrants

Exceptional Learners in America

American Women

How Did Teaching Change After the Civil War?

Status of Women in Teaching Changes

The Progressive Movement Begins

We Attempt to Educate the Nation

How Have Schools Changed During the Modern Era?

Consolidation and Bureaucratization

New Links Between Schools and Communities

Rise of Preschools

The Middle School Movement

Comprehensive High Schools

Homeschooling

Adult Education

Opportunities for Higher Education

Why Was Curriculum So Important?

Standardized Curriculum

Diversified Curriculum

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

Censorship and Core Curricula

Innovative Curriculum

How Do We Typically Judge Educational Success and Failure?

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Cycles of Education

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

6. Why Teachers Behave As They Do

Case Study: Developing Civic Attitudes

What Does Philosophy Have To Do With You as a Teacher?

Philosophy Influences Education

Voices Pro and Con: The Core Philosophies of Public Schools

What Are the Roots of American Educational Philosophies?

Idealism

Realism

Humanism

What Modern Philosophies Influence Western Education?

Existentialism

Marxism

Behaviorism and Cognitivism

Pragmatism

Technology in Practice: Pragmatism at Work

Perennialism and Essentialism

Social Reconstuctionism

What Non-Western Philosophies Influence American Education?

Hinduism

Buddhism

Islam

African and Native American Philosophies

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

What Shapes Teachers’ Personal Philosophies of Education?

Learning from Teaching: Reflection

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Philosophical Differences

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

TIMELINE: Professional Teaching in a Diverse Society

DEVELOPING A PROFESSIONAL PORTFOLIO: Your Own Philosophy of Teaching

ONLINE ACTIVITY: Exploring the Library of Congress

III. EDUCATION FROM THE OUTSIDE IN

7. Where Teachers Work: Schools

Case Study: A Rose by Any Other Name

How Is Public Schooling Organized in the United States?

School Districts

Types of Schools

Early Childhood Education

Kindergarten

Elementary Schools

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

Junior High Schools and Middle Schools

High Schools

Higher Education

Issues in School Reform: School Consolidation

What Are Some Schooling Alternatives?

Magnet Schools

Vocational-Technical Schools

Montessori and Waldorf Schools

Private and Independent Schools

For-Profit Schools

Charter Schools

Parochial Schools

Home Schools

How Are Schools Administered?

The School Superintendent

Principals and Assistant Principals

What Organizational and Policy Issues Do Schools Face?

Retention

Class Schedule and Class Size

Technology in Practice: Recognizing and Promoting School Quality

Tracking

What Makes Some Schools More Effective Than Others?

Positive School Environments

Relations

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: A New Paradigm for School Goals

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

8. Leading, Governing, and Funding Schools

Case Study: Scopes Revisited

What Are School Governance and Education Finance?

How Schools Are Run

How Schools Are Funded

Connections Between Education and the Economy

Issues in School Reform: Leadership In an Age of Reform

Political Influences on Public Education

How Does the Federal Government Influence Education?

Federal Funding for Education

How Is Education Financed and Controlled by the States?

State Funding

State Education Oversight

Cooperation among School Districts

How Are Schools Financed and Managed at the Local Level?

Property Taxes

Local School Boards

Technology in Practice: How Do Schools’ Expenditures and Revenues Compare?

School District Budgets

How Are Governance and Funding Related to Educational Success?

The Issues of Funding Equity

The Issue of School Choice

Voices Pro and Con: Public Support for Private Schools?

The Issue of Site-Based Management

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: School Board Membership

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

9. The Influence of the Law

Case Study: To Catch a Thief

How Does Government Influence Education?

What Legal Principles Affect Public Education?

What Are Parents’ Rights and Responsibilities?

A Question of Religious Principle

You Can’t Spank My Child!

Do Some Parents Have Special Rights?

What Are Students’ Rights and Responsbilities

In God Somebody Trusts

Playing Fairly

Voices Pro and Con: Zero Tolerance

Show Me What’s In There!

Are There Limits on Student Expression?

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

Treating Different Students Differently–Illegal Discrimination?

Would You Check These Papers for Me?

What Are Teachers’ Rights and Responsibilities?

There’s Got To Be a Way to Keep This Job!

A Line Between Personhood and Professionalism

What Do You Mean I’m Violating Copyright Law?

Maybe She Is Just a Sickly Child

You Should Have Known Better

Technology in Practice: Online Training for Recognizing Child Neglect and Abuse

What Are School Districts’ Rights and Responsibilities?

Balancing Academic Freedom

Equal Treatment

How Could You Let This Happen to a Student?

Somebody Will Pay!

What Kind of Choice Is This?

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Sexual Harrassment

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

TIMELINE: Milestones in Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment

DEVELOPING A PROFESSIONAL PORTFOLIO: Assessing Students through Observation

ONLINE ACTIVITY: Teaching with Census Information

IV. HELPING STUDENTS SUCCEED

10. Curriculum and Instruction

Case Study: Reaching Every Student

What Is Curriculum?

Explicit and Implicit Curricula

Null Curriculum

Extracurriculum

Integrated Curriculum

What Forces for Change Affect Curriculum Content?

Voices Pro and Con: To Standardize or Not to Standardize the Curriculum?

The National Interest

State and Local Priorities

Legal Issues for Teachers: Can students be required to recite the Pledge of Allegiance?

Social Issues and Public Opinion

Professional Groups and Individuals

Educational Publishing and Mass Media

How Are Curriculum and Instruction Planned and Organized?

Aims of Education

Teacher Planning for Instruction

What Are Four General Models of Instruction

Behavioral Systems Strategies

Social Strategies

Information-Processing Strategies

Personal Sources Strategies

Technology in Practice: Technology Old and New Make for Creative Curriculum

What Is Effective Instruction?

Understanding Students

Communicating

Creative Learning Environments

Adapting Instruction for Students with Special Needs

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

Evaluating Student Learning

How Do Teachers Manage Students Effectively?

Research Informs Teacher Management Behavior

Relationships between Teachers and Students

Classroom Management: An Environment of Self-Control

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Sexual Harassment

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

11. Recognizing Educational Success: Standards and Assessment

Case Study: Dodging Academic Disaster

How Do We Know What Works in Education?

Personal Standards

National Goals and Standards

The Nation’s Report Card

State Standards

Issues in School Reform: Measuring Progress Under NCLB

Opportunity Standards

What Types of Classroom Assessments Do Teachers Use?

Classroom Assessment Triad

Cognition and Learning

Cultural Awareness: Lessons Learned

Minimum Competency Testing

Asking Questions

Voices Pro and Con: Grading

Authentic Assessment

Grading and Recommendations

Student’s Role

Technology in Practice: Rubrics

How Can Teachers Know If They Are Assessing Students Fairly?

Bias in Assessment

Teaching to the Test

Multiple Measures

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Arithmetic Test

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

TIMELINE: From the Past Comes the Future

DEVELOPING A PROFESSIONAL PORTFOLIO: Preparing Your Resume

ONLINE ACTIVITY: Teaching Overseas

V. A CONNECTED FUTURE

12. A Global Educational Context

Case Study

Why Learn about Educational Life outside the United States?

Preparing for the Future

Voices Pro and Con: Are There Global Limits to Our Tolerance?

Becoming Globally Aware

Why Study Educational Policy in Other Countries?

Education in Canada

Technology in Practice: Let the Machine Do the Translation

Education in Mexico

Education in Japan

Education in India

Education in the United Kingdom

Education in Singapore

Education in South Africa

How Might We Enhance Understanding of Global Interdependence?

Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study

Issues in School Reform: Will Jordan Lead the Way?

International Comparisons: Smoke and Mirrors?

Comparisons that Foster a Global View

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Project Cuba

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

13. What Lies Ahead

Case Study: Looking to the Future

How Are Teachers’ Professional Roles Changing?

Trends toward Common Educational Expectations

Cultural Awareness: Lessons from Other Cultures

Trends toward Comprehensive Curriculum and Assessment

Trends toward Education for Diversity

Trends toward Defining Diversity in Economic Terms

Trends toward Character Education

How Are Links to Technology Changing the Foundations of Education?

The Internet and the World Wide Web

Distance Learning

Technology in Practice: Blogging, Vloging, and Podcasting

Telecommunication Capabilities in the Schools

How Are Small Schools Transforming Teaching and Learning?

Targeting Students at Risk Through Collaborative Networks

Success for All

Increasing Parental Involvement

Enhancing Relationships among Educators

How Can Professional Educators Prepare for the Future?

Using Professional Knowledge

Reflecting on Professional Practice

Case Perspectives

Summary

Reflective Practice: Turning Classrooms over to Interns

Terms and Concepts

Additional Readings

Web Resources

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