Educational Psychology / Edition 7by Anita E. Woolfolk
Pub. Date: 07/28/1997
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Renowned for its clarity, readability, and organization, this market-leading Educational Psychology book continues to offer the best blend of current theory, research, and practice in a completely up-to-date new edition. This book provides an organizational framework that readers can immediately grasp to help them understand complex and ever-evolving theories. The Eighth Edition reflects the field's continuing interest in constructivism and authentic learning as well as other areas of growing emphasis such as students with disabilities and inclusion. Other topics that have been added or received significant updating include self-regulated learning, brain development, culturally relevant pedagogy, and student autonomy. Includes free Interactive Companion CD-ROM, featuring video clips of the author discussing important topics and instructive scenes from real classrooms; links to useful websites that deepen awareness of issues pertinent to teaching; activities that provide challenging problems and cases from which readers may gain further insight into the applications of theories covered. For anyone interested in educational psychology.
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Table of Contents
Each chapter begins with "What Do You Think?" Overview; Teachers' Casebook "What Would You Do?"; and concludes with Summary; Key Terms; Teachers' Casebook "What Would They Do?"; and Becoming a Professional.
1. Teachers, Teaching, and Educational Psychology.
What Is Good Teaching?
Teaching: Artistry, Technique, and a Lot of Work.
The Role of Educational Psychology.
The Self-Regulated Learner.
The Contents of This Book.
2. Cognitive Development and Language.
A Definition of Development.
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development.
Implications of Piaget's Theory for Teachers.
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Perspective.
Implications of Vygotsky's Theory for Teachers.
The Development of Language.
3. Personal, Social, and Emotional Development.
The Work of Erikson.
Understanding Ourselves and Others.
Socialization: Family, Peers, and Teachers.
Challenges for Children.
4. Learner Differences.
Language and Labeling.
Individual Differences in Intelligence.
Ability Differences and Teaching.
Creativity, Giftedness, and Talent.
Cognitive and Learning Styles.
Changes in the Law: Integration, Mainstreaming, and Inclusion.
Prevalent Problems and Mild Disabilities.
Less Prevalent Problems and More Severe Disabilities.
5. Culture and Community.
Today's Multicultural Classrooms.
Social Class Differences.
Ethnic and Racial Differences.
Women and Men: Differences in the Classroom.
Language Differences in the Classroom.
Creating Culturally Compatible Classrooms
6. Behavioral Views of Learning.
Early Explanations of Learning: Contiguity and Classical Conditioning.
Operant Conditioning: Trying New Responses.
Applied Behavior Analysis.
Behavioral Approaches to Teaching and Management.
Self-Regulation and Cognitive Behavior Management.
Problems and Issues.
7. Cognitive Views of Learning.
Elements of the Cognitive Perspective.
The Information Processing Model of Memory.
Metacognition, Regulation, and Individual Differences.
Becoming Knowledgeable: Some Basic Principles.
8. Complex Cognitive Processes.
The Importance of Thinking and Understanding.
Learning and Teaching about Concepts.
Becoming an Expert Student.
Teaching for Transfer.
9. Social Cognitive and Constructivist Views of Learning.
Social Processes in Learning.
Social Learning and Social Cognitive Theories.
Constructivism and Situated Learning.
Applications of Constructivist and Situated Perspectives on Learning.
10. Motivation: Issues and Explanations.
What Is Motivation?
Four General Approaches to Motivation.
Interests and Emotions.
11. Motivation, Teaching, and Learning.
Motivation to Learn in School.
On TARGETT for Learning.
Strategies to Encourage Motivation and Thoughtful Learning.
How Do Beginning Teachers Motivate Students?
Student Views of Motivation.
12. Creating Learning Environments.
The Need for Organization.
Creating a Positive Learning Environment.
Some Research Results.
Creating a Learning Community.
Maintaining a Good Environment for Learning.
The Need for Communication.
13. Teaching for Learning.
The First Step: Planning.
Formats for Teaching.
Focus on the Teacher.
Effective Teaching in Inclusive Classrooms.
Focus on the Subject: Teaching Reading, Mathematics, and Science.
14. Standardized Testing.
Evaluation, Measurement, and Assessment.
What Do Test Scores Mean?
Types of Standardized Tests.
Issues in Standardized Testing.
New Directions in Standardized Testing.
15. Classroom Assessment and Grading.
Formative and Summative Assessment.
Getting the Most from Traditional Assessment Approaches.
Innovations in Assessment.
Effects of Grades and Grading on Students.
Grading and Reporting: Nuts and Bolts.
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