Educational Psychology / Edition 1

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Overview

When this classic book was first published in 1926, L.S. Vygotsky was well on his way to becoming one of the leading intellectuals in Russia. His study of the psychology of education led him to believe that the child should be the main figure in the educational process - and the efforts of the teacher should be directed toward organizing, not dictating, the child's development. "The educational process must be based on the student's individual activity ..." he states in Educational Psychology, "... and the art of education should involve nothing more than guiding and monitoring this activity." At a time when most education consisted of rote memorization and thwacks across the wrist with a ruler, these ideas were considered quite radical.
Today's educators can find much that is of use in the pages of Educational Psychology. Vygotsky addresses many issues that are still relevant in the 1990s - abnormal social behavior, the nurturing of creativity and reasoning, problems with attention and memory - in a bold and opinionated fashion that is sure to delight educators as well as lovers of classical Russian writing. Psychologists will also find the book useful for its fascinating glimpses into the study of psychology in the early twentieth century.

Pedagogies & psychology, concept of behavior & reaction, biologic & social factors in education, etc.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The first English translation of a series of lectures published in Russian in 1926. Vygotsky (1898-1934) believed that the child should be the main figure in the educational process, and that the efforts of the teacher should be directed to organizing not dictating the child's development. Historians should find interest in the presentation of ideas very radical in their day, and educators and psychologists will find him grappling with many issues still current. Includes biographical notes for people he mentions. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781878205155
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 8/11/1997
  • Series: Classics in Soviet Psychology Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 416
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.06 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction by V.V. Davidov
Pedagogics and Psychology
Psychology
Educational Psychology
The Concept of Behavior and Reaction
Behavior and Reaction
The Three Components of a Reaction
Reaction and Reflex
The Most Important Laws of Higher Nervous Activity in Man
The Laws of Inhibition and Disinhibition
Psyche and Reaction
Animal Behavior and Human Behavior
Biological and Social Factors in Education
Activity of the Educational Process and Its Participants
The Instincts as the Subject, Mechanism, and Means of Education
Origin of the Instincts
Relationship Between the Instincts, Reflexes, and Reason
Education of Emotional Behavior
Biological Nature of Emotions
Psychological Nature of Attention
Psychology and Pedagogics of Attention
Description of Orientation
Internal and External Orientation
Reinforcements and Recollection of Reaction
Concept of the Plasticity of Matter
Psychological Nature of Memory
Thinking as an Especially Complex Form of Behavior
The Motor Nature of Mental Processes
Conscious Behavior and Will
Psychological Understanding of Occupational Education
Types of Trade Schools
Cognition of Nature Through Labor
Social Behavior and the Child's Development
The Concept of Adaptation
The Child and the Environment
Ethical Behavior
The Nature of Ethics from the Psychological Point of View
Esthetic Education
Esthetics in the Service of Pedagogics
Morality and Art
Art and the Study of Reality
Exercise and Fatigue
On Habit
The Study of Fatigue
Abnormal Behavior
The Abnormal Behavior
Physically Disabled Children
Temperament and Character
The Importance of Terms
Temperament
The Problem of Giftedness
Individual Goals of Education
Basic Forms of Investigations of the Personality of the Child
Experimental Psychological Investigation of the Personality
Psychology and the Teacher
The Psychological Nature of the Work of the Teacher
Life as Creation
Historical Notes
Index

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