Educational Psychology / Edition 5by Robert E. Slavin
Pub. Date: 12/01/1999
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
B> The sixth edition of this popular book from renowned educational psychologist Robert Slavin translates theory into practices that teachers can use in their own classrooms by introducing the concept of intentionality. An Intentional Teacher, according to Slavin, is one who constantly reflects on his or her practices and makes instructional decisions based on a clear conception of how these practices affect students. To help readers become Intentional Teachers, the author offers a set of questions to guide them and models best practices through classroom examples. Firmly rooted in research, up-to-date theory, and classroom-tested applications, Educational Psychology prepares teachers as no other book does to think about what they do in the classroom and about how students develop and learn, to make decisions before and during instruction, and to consider what information they will use as evidence that their students are indeed learning and succeeding. An emphasis on intentional teaching helps preservice teachers internalize a set of questions that can aid them in planning, teaching, and revising their practice. Each chapter considers answers to the following questions from a new vantage point grounded in chapter content: What am I trying to accomplish? helps teachers keep teaching goals in mind. What are my students' relevant experiences and needs? assists teachers in keeping their students' needs in sight. What approaches and materials are available to help me challenge every student? reminds teachers to vary their methods and aim to challenge students. How will I know whether and when to change my strategy or modify my instruction? reminds teachersto be flexible in order to reach their goals. What information will I accept as evidence that my students and I are experiencing success? helps teachers reflect on their practice. For pre-service and in-service teachers.
- Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
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Table of Contents
1. Educational Psychology:
A Foundation for Teaching.
What Makes a Good Teacher?
What Is the Role of Research in Educational Psychology?
What Research Methods Are Used in Educational Psychology?
2. Theories of Development.
What Are Some Views of Human Development?
How Did Piaget View Cognitive Development?
How Is Piaget's Work Viewed Today?
How Did Vygotsky View Cognitive Development?
How Did Erickson View Personal and Social Development?
What Are Some Theories of Moral Development?
3. Development During Childhood and Adolescence.
How Do Children Develop During the Preschool Years?
What Kinds of Early Childhood Education Programs Exist?
How Do Children Develop During the Elementary Years?
How Do Children Develop During the Middle School and High School Years?
4. Student Diversity.
What Is the Impact of Culture on Teaching and Learning?
How Does Socioeconomic Status Affect Student Achievement?
How Do Ethnicity and Race Affect Students' School Experiences?
How Do Language Differences Affect Student Achievement?
What Is Multicultural Education?
How Do Gender and Gender Bias Affect Students' School Experiences?
How Do Students Differ in Intelligence and Learning Styles?
5. Behavioral Theories of Learning.
What Is Learning?
What Behavioral Learning Theories Have Evolved?
What Are Some Principles of Behavioral Learning?
How Has Social Learning Theory Contributed to Our Understanding of Human Learning?
6. Cognitive Theories of Learning: Basic Concepts.
What Is an Information-Processing Model?
What Causes People to Remember or Forget?
How Can Memory Strategies Be Taught?
What Makes Information Meaningful?
How Do Metacognitive Skills Help Students Learn?
What Study Strategies Help Students Learn?
How Do Cognitive Teaching Strategies Help Students Learn?
7. The Effective Lesson.
What Is Direct Instruction?
How Is a Direct Instruction Lesson Taught?
What Does Research on Direct Instruction Methods Suggest?
How Do Students Learn and Transfer Concepts?
How Are Discussions Used in Instruction?
8. Student-Centered and Constructivist Approaches to Instruction.
What Is the Constructivist View of Learning?
How Is Cooperative Learning Used in Instruction?
How Are Problem-Solving and Thinking Skills Taught?
9. Accommodating Instruction to Meet Individual Needs.
What Are Elements of Effective Instruction beyond a Good Lesson?
How Are Students Grouped to Accommodate Achievement Differences?
What Is Mastery Learning?
What Are Some Ways of Individualizing Instruction?
What Educational Programs Exist for Students Placed at Risk?
10. Motivating Students to Learn.
What Is Motivation?
What Are Some Theories of Motivation?
How Can Achievement Motivation Be Enhanced?
How Can Teachers Increase Students' Motivation to Learn?
How Can Teachers Reward Performance, Effort, and Improvement?
11. Effective Learning Environments.
What Is an Effective Learning Environment?
What Is the Impact of Time on Learning?
What Practices Contribute to Effective Classroom Management?
What Are Some Strategies for Managing Routine Misbehavior?
How Is Applied Behavior Analysis Used to Manage More Serious Behavior Problems?
How Can Serious Behavior Problems Be Prevented?
12. Learners with Exceptionalities.
What Are Learners with Exceptionalities?
What Is Special Education?
What Are Mainstreaming and Inclusion?
13. Assessing Student Learning.
What Are Instructional Objectives and How Are They Used?
Why Is Evaluation Important?
How Is Student Learning Evaluated?
How Are Tests Constructed?
What Are Portfolio and Performance Assessments?
14. Standardized Tests and Grades.
What Are Standardized Tests and How Are They Used?
What Types of Standardized Tests Are Given?
How Are Standardized Tests Interpreted?
What Are Some Issues Concerning Standardized and Classroom Testing?
How Are Grades Determined?
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