CHAPTER ONE: Educational Psychology: A Foundation for Teaching
What Makes a Good Teacher?
What Is the Role of Research in Educational Psychology?
What Research Methods Are Used in Educational Psychology?
How Can I Become an Intentional Teacher?
CHAPTER TWO: Cognitive, Language, and Literacy Development
How Do Children Develop Cognitively?
How Did Piaget View Cognitive Development?
How Is Piaget’s Work Viewed Today?
How Did Vygotsky View Cognitive Development?
How Did Bronfenbrenner View Development?
How Do Language and Literacy Develop?
CHAPTER THREE: Social, Moral, and Emotional Development
What Are Some Views of Personal and Social Development?
What Are Some Views of Moral Development?
How Do Children Develop Socially and Emotionally?
CHAPTER FOUR: Student Diversity
What Is the Impact of Culture on Teaching and Learning?
How Does Socioeconomic Status Affect Student Achievement?
How Do Ethnicity and Race Affect Students’ School Experiences?
How Do Language Differences and Bilingual Programs Affect Student Achievement?
What Is Multicultural Education?
How Do Gender and Gender Bias Affect Students’ School Experiences?
How Do Students Differ in Intelligence and Learning Styles?
CHAPTER FIVE: Behavioral and Social Theories of Learning
What Is Learning?
What Are Behavioral Learning Theories?
What are Some Principles of Behavioral Learning?
How Has Social Learning Theory Contributed to Our Understanding of Human Learning?
CHAPTER SIX: Cognitive Theories of Learning
What Is an Information-Processing Model?
What Do We Know from Research on the Brain?
What Causes People to Remember or Forget?
How Can Memory Strategies Be Taught?
What Makes Information Meaningful?
How Do Metacognitive Skills Help Students Learn?
What Study Strategies Help Students Learn?
How Do Cognitive Teaching Strategies Help Students Learn?
CHAPTER SEVEN: The Effective Lesson
What Is Direct Instruction?
How Is a Direct Instruction Lesson Taught?
How Does Research on Direct Instruction Methods Inform Teaching?
How Do Students Learn and Transfer Concepts?
How Are Discussions Used in Instruction?
CHAPTER EIGHT: Student-Centered and Constructivist Approaches to Instruction
What Is the Constructivist View of Learning?
How Is Cooperative Learning Used in Instruction?
How Are Problem-Solving and Thinking Skills Taught?
CHAPTER NINE: Grouping, Differentiation, and Technology
What Are Elements of Effective Instruction Beyond a Good Lesson?
How Are Students Grouped to Accommodate Achievement Differences?
What Are Some Ways of Differentiating Instruction?
What Educational Programs Exist for Students Placed at Risk?
How Is Technology Used in Education?
CHAPTER TEN: Motivating Students to Learn
What Is Motivation?
What Are Some Theories of Motivation?
What Factors Affect Students’ Motivation?
How Can Teachers Increase Students’ Motivation to Learn?
CHAPTER ELEVEN: Effective Learning Environments
What Is an Effective Learning Environment?
What Is the Impact of Time on Learning?
What Practices Contribute to Effective Classroom Management?
What Are Some Strategies for Managing Routine Misbehavior?
How Is Applied Behavior Analysis Used to Manage More Serious Behavior Problems?
How Can Serious Behavior Problems Be Prevented?
CHAPTER TWELVE: Learners with Exceptionalities
Who Are Learners with Exceptionalities?
What Is Special Education?
What Is Response to Intervention?
What Is Inclusion?
What Are Effective Strategies for Students with Disabilities in General Education?
CHAPTER THIRTEEN: Assessing Student Learning
What Are Instructional Objectives and How Are They Used?
Why Is Evaluation Important?
How Is Student Learning Evaluated?
How Are Tests Constructed?
What Are Authentic, Portfolio, and Performance Assessments?
How Are Grades Determined?
CHAPTER FOURTEEN: Standardized Tests and Accountability
What Are Standardized Tests and How Are They Used?
What Types of Standardized Tests Are Given?
How Are Standardized Tests Interpreted?
What Are Some Issues Concerning Standardized and Classroom Testing?
How Are Educators Held Accountable for Student Achievement?
Appendix: Using This Text to Prepare for the Praxis™ Principles of Learning and Teaching Exam