Educational Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approaches, Research Edition / Edition 2

Educational Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approaches, Research Edition / Edition 2

by Burke Johnson, Larry B. Christensen, Larry Christensen

ISBN-10: 0205361269

ISBN-13: 9780205361267

Pub. Date: 09/19/2003

Publisher: Pearson

"This book is oriented to promoting the understanding of research methods rather than merely presenting students with a list of terms, formulas and designs to memorize."
Kathy Green
University of Denver

"The organization and clarity of this book will capture students' interest and offer a new perspective on how to study research methods."


"This book is oriented to promoting the understanding of research methods rather than merely presenting students with a list of terms, formulas and designs to memorize."
Kathy Green
University of Denver

"The organization and clarity of this book will capture students' interest and offer a new perspective on how to study research methods."
Dr. Vernelle Tyler
University of South Carolina Aiken

"This book is well written, thoroughly researched and the theory is well supplemented with examples."
Shaireen Rasheed
Long Island University

"I love the fact that both qualitative and quantitative research concepts are presented adequately. This book provides a solid foundation for both inexperienced quantitative and qualitative researchers."
Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie
Howard University

The Second Edition of Educational Research is an informal and highly readable text that provides students with a clear and in-depth understanding of the different kinds of research that are used in education today. This text introduces students to the fundamental logic of empirical research and explores the sources of research ideas. Detailed descriptions guide students through the design and implementation of actual research studies with examination of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research, serving as one of the book's strongest features. This new edition features the use of technology in conducting educational research, incorporating links to a database of journal articles (Research Navigator), extensive discussion of technologically-based research exercises, and a complete companion website.

New to this Edition:

  • This is the first Educational Research text to take full advantage of further electronic research opportunities offered by Allyn and Bacon as the Research Navigator. Access to this site is described on the inside front cover and the site includes an extensive database of Journals, NY Times articles, writing tips and relevant web links. New end-of-chapter materials, including discussion questions, additional exercises, links to relevant Web sites, suggested readings, and exercise sheets, provide professors with assignments and materials to discuss during class and give students more opportunity to learn the material and apply it.
  • A new introductory chapter provides a broader understanding of the similarities and differences of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research (Ch. 2).
  • A full chapter on mixed methods research has been added because of its growing popularity and practical importance (Ch. 14).
  • Opening vignettes in each chapter focus students' attention and interest by providing students with a connection between current events and issues and the world of educational research.
  • Revised and improved Chapter 3 developing research questions now includes additional material on the use of the Internet in conducting literature searches and constructing research topics.
  • Incorporates the latest changes to the APA publication manual to provide students with the most up-to-date information about how to prepare a research report for publication (Ch. 18).

In addition to Research Navigator, this text offers aCompanion Website at where you will find an abundance of materials to empower students and professors. This includes: full lectures for each chapter, concept maps to help students visualize chapter material, multiple choice questions with a quiz generator, Web resources, and more.

Product Details

Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.60(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.00(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Each Chapter begins with an "Introduction" and ends with a "Summary," "Discussion Questions," "Exercise(s)," "Relevant Web Sites," "Recommended Additional Readings," and "Key Terms."

I. Introduction.

1. Introduction to Educational Research.
Why Study Educational Research?
Areas of Educational Research.
Examples of Educational Research.
General Kinds of Research.
Sources of Knowledge.
The Scientific Approach to Knowledge Generation.
Objectives of Science.
Overview of Book.
How to Get Started.

2. Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research
Characteristics of the Three Research Paradigms.
Quantitative Research Methods: Experimental and Nonexperimental Research.
Qualitative Research Methods.
Mixed Research Methods.
Our Research Typology.

II. Planning the Research Study.

3. Developing Research Questions and Proposal Prepositions.
Sources of Research Ideas.
Review of the Literature.
Literature Search and the Internet.
Feasibility of the Study.
Statement of the Research Problem.
Statement of Purpose of the Study.
Statement of Research Questions.
Formulating Hypotheses.
The Research Plan or Research Proposal.
Consumer Use of the Literature.

4. Research Ethics.
What Are Research Ethics?
Ethical Concerns.
Ethical Guidelines for Research with Humans.
Informed Consent.
Informed Consent and Minors as Research Participants.
Additional Consent.
Freedom to Withdraw.
Protection from Mental and Physical Harm.
Institutional Review Board.


5. Standardized Measurement andAssessment.
Defining Measurement.
Scales of Measurement.
Assumptions Underlying Testing and Measurement.
Identifying a Good Test or Assessment Procedure.
Educational and Psychological Tests.
Sources of Information about Tests.

6. Methods of Data Collection.
Focus Groups.
Secondary Data.

7. Sampling.
Terminology Used in Sampling.
Random Sampling Techniques.
Nonrandom Sampling Techniques.
Random Selection and Random Assignment.
Determining the Sample Size When Random Sampling Is Used.
Sampling in Qualitative Research.

8. Validity of Research.
Validity Issues in the Design of Quantitative Research.
Statistical Conclusion Validity
Internal Validity.
External Validity.
Construct Representation.
Research Validity in Qualitative Research.


9. Experimental Research.
The Experiment.
Independent Variable Manipulation.
Control of Confounding Variables.
Experimental Research Designs.

10. Quasi-Experimental and Single-Case Designs.
Quasi-Experimental Research Designs.
Single-Case Experimental Designs.
Methodological Considerations in Using Single-Case Designs.
Group Comparison or Single-Case Designs.

11. Nonexperimental Quantitative Research.
Steps in Nonexperimental Research.
Independent Variables in Nonexperimental Research.
Causal-Comparative and Correlational Research.
Three Necessary Conditions for Cause-and-Effect Relationships.
Applying the Three Necessary Conditions for Causation in Nonexperimental Research.
Techniques of Control in Nonexperimental Research.
Time Dimension in Research.
Classifying Nonexperimental Research Methods by Research Objective.

12. Qualitative Research.
Case Study Research.
Grounded Theory.

13. Historical Research.
What Is Historical Research.
Significance of Historical Research.
Historical Research Methodology.
Identification of the Research Topic and Formulation of the Research Problem or Question.
How to Locate Historical Information.
Evaluation of Historical Sources.
Data Synthesis and Report Preparation.

14. Mixed Method and Mixed Model Research
The Research Continuum.
Types of Mixed Research Methods.
Stages in the Mixed Research Process.
Limitations of Mixed Research.

V. Analyzing the Data.

15. Descriptive Statistics.
Descriptive Statistics.
Frequency Distributions.
Graphic Representations of Data.
Measures of Central Tendency.
Measures of Variability.
Measures of Relative Standing.
Examining Relationships among Variables.

16. Inferential Statistics.
Sampling Distributions.
Hypothesis Testing.
Hypothesis Testing in Practice.

17. Data Analysis in Qualitative Research.
Interim Analysis.
Data Entry and Storage.
Coding and Developing Category Systems.
Creating Hierarchical Category Systems.
Showing Relationships among Categories.
Computer Programs for Qualitative Data Analysis.

VI. Writing the Research Report.

18. Preparation of the Research Report.
General Principles Related to Writing the Research Report.
Writing Quantitative Research Reports Using the APA Style.
Writing Qualitative Research Reports.
Writing Mixed Research Reports.

Appendix A: Quantitative Research Article Abstract and Link.

Appendix B: Qualitative Research Article Abstract and Link.

Appendix C: Mixed Research Article Abstract and Link.



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