The Effect Of Primary Language, Linguistic Background, And Cultural Background On Student Measures Of Socio-Emotional Adjustment.

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $71.96
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (2) from $71.96   
  • New (2) from $71.96   

More About This Textbook


Language has been credited in many lines of research as the best measure of acculturation (Bzostek, Goldman, & Pebley, 2007), and a chief mechanism by which we are enabled to express affect. Thus, the potential for native language to impact thought, and by association affect, has implications for multicultural psychology, with particular relevance in application both for multicultural assessment and psychotherapy. The focus of this dissertation is a further examination the differences in affective meaning and associated implications of a set of widely used approaches to the assessment of socio-emotional functioning of students in middle school grades. This study concentrates on differences among Hispanic and Caucasian student populations both in patterns of responding to measures of the adjustment constructs including depression, self-esteem, daily stress, drug attitudes, drug use and delinquency, where the primary backgrounds and languages of the student or in the home, are Hispanic: Spanish/Spanish; Hispanic: Spanish/English, or Non-Hispanic: English/English. This research proposed a model in which primary language, linguistic background, and/or cultural background plays a mediating role in endorsement for items related to depressive symptomatology, adolescent maladjustment, and deficits in self-esteem among middle school students. The model hypothesizes that an individual's native language has an important relationship with a range of socioemotional competencies of children and adolescents. The research literature suggests significant relationships between primary language and item endorsement on measures of anxiety and depression (Schwartz, Zamboanga, & Jarvis, 2007; Prelow, Loukas, & Jordan-Green, 2007; Corby, Hodges, & Perry, 2007). The influence of primary language on item endorsement can be placed within the context of the hypothesis of linguistic relativity which holds that one's language determines the nature of one's thought (Whorf, 1956). The implications of linguistic relativity are cognitive-behavioral in nature, as the cognitive model holds that the content of one's thoughts and internal speech mediate emotional adjustment and/or maladjustment. Overall results of this study suggest that there are small but statistically significant differences on for the three groups above, Hispanic: Spanish primary language/Spanish spoken in the home; Hispanic: Spanish primary language/English spoken in the home, and Non-Hispanic: English primary language/English spoken in the home, on the six measures of socioemotional adjustment. These differences indicate that persons of 'Hispanic' origin who speak Spanish as either their primary language or their language spoken in the home may report slightly higher levels of maladjustment on the following adjustment constructs: depression, self-esteem, daily stress, drug attitudes, drug use and delinquency. However, it is important to note that effect sizes ranged from moderate to very small, and were, for the most part small. One conclusion drawn is that further research should be done to obtain more specific results. Nonetheless, clinicians, psychometricians, and educators should consider cultural and linguistic variables when interpreting students' self-report on socio-emotional measures, especially if the instruments do not use the students' primary language.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781243565365
  • Publisher: BiblioLabsII
  • Publication date: 9/3/2011
  • Pages: 124
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.26 (d)

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)