Children's Literature - Meredith KigerOne of four in a series on non-fiction writing, this edition explains effective speeches and how to write one. Beginning with an interesting introduction on the kinds of speeches and the history of speech making and its importance over the years, the author moves on to explain how and why speeches are created and the steps to take to make them effective. Examples of historical speeches are interspersed for the reader to identify and compare the purpose and structure. Chapters on Speaking with a Purpose, Building a Structure, Proving Your Point, Writing to be Heard and Think Like an Orator are included. Important vocabulary is highlighted within the text and then defined in the glossary at the end of the book. Black and white period drawings and photographs add interest. It would have been helpful had the author included an outline of the important points as the monochromatic, textbook-like layout makes it difficult to distinguish one point from another, at times. An index and bibliography are also included. Reviewer: Meredith Kiger, Ph.D.
VOYA - Mary Ann DarbyBodden begins the series with historical background to explain the importance of building solid foundations with words in order to be persuasive both in speaking and writing. Effective Speeches begins with discussion of the art of oratory as early as 500 B.C. It briefly discusses the basics of rhetoric ethos, pathos, and logos, as well as the use of emotion in speech, then discusses the further historical development of speaking, emphasizing the impact of radio and television on oratory. Examples of speeches include an excerpt from Edward Kennedy's eulogy for his nephew, John F. Kennedy; an excerpt from a speech by Susan B. Anthony; and a speech by Ronald Regan. Both full-page sepia tone photos and more modern photography break up the text, as do highlighted terms and a variety of typefaces. The same style is used in Organized Essays. Again, the volume begins with the historical background of the essay, working from Plato forward. Excerpts include Addison and Steele's Tattler from the early 1700s; a Mark Twain essay; and Native American Navarre Scott Momaday's "The Way to Rainy Mountain." Both books contain glossaries of terms and offer practical advice to budding speakers and writers of today. As media specialists and educators strive to show teens that print materials have value and appeal as a source of in-depth information, they are always on the lookout for engaging books. Unfortunately, although these slender volumes have undeniably interesting information in them about the history of essay writing and persuasive arguments in both writing and speaking, their target audience may not find them appealing. The formatting is attractive and interesting, but getting students to pick up books about aspects of speaking and writing will take more than these books can offer. These are purchases only for libraries looking to bolster middle school or junior high collections for very specific class activities. Reviewer: Mary Ann Darby
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