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Effective STL: 50 Specific Ways to Improve Your Use of the Standard Template Library (Addison-Wesley Professional Computing Series)
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Effective STL: 50 Specific Ways to Improve Your Use of the Standard Template Library (Addison-Wesley Professional Computing Series)

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by Scott Meyers
 

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ISBN-10: 0201749629

ISBN-13: 9780201749625

Pub. Date: 06/28/2001

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

“This is Effective C++ volume three – it’s really that good.”
– Herb Sutter, independent consultant and secretary of the ISO/ANSI C++ standards committee
“There are very few books which all C++ programmers must have. Add Effective STL to that list.”
– Thomas

Overview

“This is Effective C++ volume three – it’s really that good.”
– Herb Sutter, independent consultant and secretary of the ISO/ANSI C++ standards committee
“There are very few books which all C++ programmers must have. Add Effective STL to that list.”
– Thomas Becker, Senior Software Engineer, Zephyr Associates, Inc., and columnist, C/C++ Users Journal

C++’s Standard Template Library is revolutionary, but learning to use it well has always been a challenge. Until now. In this book, best-selling author Scott Meyers ( Effective C++ , and More Effective C++ ) reveals the critical rules of thumb employed by the experts – the things they almost always do or almost always avoid doing – to get the most out of the library.

Other books describe what’s in the STL. Effective STL shows you how to use it. Each of the book’s 50 guidelines is backed by Meyers’ legendary analysis and incisive examples, so you’ll learn not only what to do, but also when to do it – and why.

Highlights of Effective STL include:

  • Advice on choosing among standard STL containers (like vector and list), nonstandard STL containers (like hash_set and hash_map), and non-STL containers (like bitset).
  • Techniques to maximize the efficiency of the STL and the programs that use it.
  • Insights into the behavior of iterators, function objects, and allocators, including things you should not do.
  • Guidance for the proper use of algorithms and member functions whose names are the same (e.g., find), but whose actions differ in subtle (but important) ways.
  • Discussions of potential portability problems, including straightforward ways to avoid them.

Like Meyers’ previous books, Effective STL is filled with proven wisdom that comes only from experience. Its clear, concise, penetrating style makes it an essential resource for every STL programmer.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780201749625
Publisher:
Addison-Wesley
Publication date:
06/28/2001
Series:
Addison-Wesley Professional Computing Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
288
Sales rank:
1,234,860
Product dimensions:
7.01(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.72(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xv

Introduction 1

Chapter 1: Containers 11

Item 1: Choose your containers with care. 11

Item 2: Beware the illusion of container-independent code. 15

Item 3: Make copying cheap and correct for objects in containers. 20

Item 4: Call empty instead of checking size() against zero. 23

Item 5: Prefer range member functions to their single-element counterparts. 24

Item 6: Be alert for C++’s most vexing parse. 33

Item 7: When using containers of newed pointers, remember to delete the pointers before the container is destroyed. 36

Item 8: Never create containers of auto_ptrs. 40

Item 9: Choose carefully among erasing options. 43

Item 10: Be aware of allocator conventions and restrictions. 48

Item 11: Understand the legitimate uses of custom allocators. 54

Item 12: Have realistic expectations about the thread safety of STL containers. 58

Chapter 2: vector and string 63

Item 13: Prefer vector and string to dynamically allocated arrays. 63

Item 14: Use reserve to avoid unnecessary reallocations. 66

Item 15: Be aware of variations in string implementations. 68

Item 16: Know how to pass vector and string data to legacy APIs. 74

Item 17: Use “the swap trick” to trim excess capacity. 77

Item 18: Avoid using vector<bool>. 79

Chapter 3: Associative Containers 83

Item 19: Understand the difference between equality and equivalence. 83

Item 20: Specify comparison types for associative containers of pointers. 88

Item 21: Always have comparison functions return false for equal values. 92

Item 22: Avoid in-place key modification in set and multiset. 95

Item 23: Consider replacing associative containers with sorted vectors. 100

Item 24: Choose carefully between map::operator[] and map::insert when efficiency is important. 106

Item 25: Familiarize yourself with the nonstandard hashed containers. 111

Chapter 4: Iterators 116

Item 26: Prefer iterator to const_iterator, reverse_iterator, and const_reverse_iterator. 116

Item 27: Use distance and advance to convert const_iterators to iterators. 120

Item 28: Understand how to use a reverse_iterator’s base iterator. 123

Item 29: Consider istreambuf_iterators for character by character input. 126

Chapter 5: Algorithms 128

Item 30: Make sure destination ranges are big enough. 129

Item 31: Know your sorting options. 133

Item 32: Follow remove-like algorithms by erase if you really want to remove something. 139

Item 33: Be wary of remove-like algorithms on containers of pointers. 143

Item 34: Note which algorithms expect sorted ranges. 146

Item 35: Implement simple case-insensitive string comparisons via mismatch or lexicographical_compare. 150

Item 36: Understand the proper implementation of copy_if. 154

Item 37: Use accumulate or for_each to summarize ranges. 156

Chapter 6: Functors, Functor Classes, Functions, etc. 162

Item 38: Design functor classes for pass-by-value. 162

Item 39: Make predicates pure functions. 166

Item 40: Make functor classes adaptable. 169

Item 41: Understand the reasons for ptr_fun, mem_fun, and mem_fun_ref. 173

Item 42: Make sure less<T> means operator<. 177

Chapter 7: Programming with the STL 181

Item 43: Prefer algorithm calls to hand-written loops. 181

Item 44: Prefer member functions to algorithms with the same names. 190

Item 45: Distinguish among count, find, binary_search, lower_bound, upper_bound, and equal_range. 192

Item 46: Consider function objects instead of functions as algorithm parameters. 201

Item 47: Avoid producing write-only code. 206

Item 48: Always #include the proper headers. 209

Item 49: Learn to decipher STL-related compiler diagnostics. 210

Item 50: Familiarize yourself with STL-related web sites. 217

Bibliography 225

Appendix A: Locales and Case-Insensitive String Comparisons 229

Appendix B: Remarks on Microsoft’s STL Platforms 239

Index 245

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Effective STL: 50 Specific Ways to Improve Your Use of the Standard Template Library (Addison-Wesley Professional Computing Series) 3.8 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 5 reviews.
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Guest More than 1 year ago
God bless Scott Meyers and this is (probably) a good book. But it doesn't fit into the same educational niche as his books on effective C++. I read "Effective C++: 50..." WHEN I was learning C++, and it made sense and it enhanced the learning experience. It left me with the impression that I could master C++. I read "Effective C++: 35..." after I learned C++ and was left with the impression that C++ could always find a way to misbehave unless I was very careful. Well, I thought that I knew a little bit about STL and that this new effort from Scott Meyers would improve my knowledge. Wrong! Meyers thoughtfully ranked the articles by difficulty. I could not muddle through the easiest of them. OK, so I learned that I don't know STL and need to do some stretching. Given Meyers' previous efforts, this has to be a good book. It's just not as accessible. This is not a beginner's book. I knocked off one star because this book is less than I expected it to be.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I recommend this book to anyone getting even close to touching the STL and its enormous features. Meyers writes clearly and explicitly, addressing potential problems and pitfalls common to the STL and even the C++ language. Absolutely a mandatory book for every C++ programmer!